farm to school

Brussels sprouts, anyone? School gardens grow knowledge for Memphis kids lacking fresh food

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Katie Wilson of the U.S. Department of Agriculture admires Kingsbury High School's edible garden while touring the Memphis school with teachers and students.

Sylvia Pugh didn’t want anything to do with Brussels sprouts before joining the garden club this year at Kingsbury High School in northeast Memphis.

Now, the Kingsbury senior not only knows how to grow and cook the leafy green vegetable, but also has worked with a wide range of other crops, from turnip greens to soybeans to watermelon.

Sylvia Pugh, 17, joined the garden club at Kingsbury High School to learn how to garden for herself.
PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Sylvia Pugh joined the garden club at Kingsbury High School to learn how to garden for herself.

Sylvia’s nutritional transformation is noteworthy in a city where tens of thousands of students don’t have access to fresh produce at home, losing out on both their nutritional value and the enjoyment of smelling and tasting farm-to-table foods. It also is a source of daily sustenance for many students who come to school hungry.

“I saw my friends would come into class with food from the garden to take home,” said Sylvia, 17, of Kingsbury’s 3-year-old garden club, which includes a greenhouse and edible garden. “I want to be able to have my own garden when I’m older to provide for my family and grow healthier food. I feel like I’m going to know how to do that.”

Farm-to-school programs are in 51 percent of Tennessee districts, including Shelby County Schools, honored Monday as the state’s winner of the “One in a Melon” award from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. As part of the award, Kingsbury and three other Memphis schools — White Station High, Shady Grove Elementary and White Station Elementary — were visited by Katie Wilson, a USDA deputy for food, nutrition and consumer services.

Farm-to-school school programs are designed to sprout healthy habits among students. But in Memphis, they also help to address the daily challenges of poverty and hunger that are barriers to learning, says James Ritter, a science teacher who sponsors Kingsbury’s garden club.

At Kingsbury, students can pick fresh garden veggies or fruit to take home, “but often they just eat what they’ve picked right then and there,” Ritter said.

“These kids are hungry. Often, our students are coming from high-poverty situations. Some have never seen things like cantaloupe or cilantro before,” he said.

In Shelby County, about 82,000 children live in poverty, and all students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch under a federal program. Across Tennessee, one in four children face hunger each day, according to the state Department of Human Services.

Michael Gong, a Kingsbury High School teacher, eyes a freshly-picked melon.
PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Kingsbury teacher Michael Gong eyes a freshly picked melon.

During Monday’s tour, Wilson was impressed that Kingsbury students volunteer to participate.

“Often these programs are a part of a class, but this is a club that takes of the students’ free time,” Wilson said. “My message to these students is to keep understanding where your food comes from, and teach others.”

To learn more, visit the USDA’s 2015 Farm to School Census.

catching some zzzzs

One Colorado district moving toward later high school start times — maybe — while another shelves the idea

PHOTO: Chellseyy, Creative Commons

Of the two large Colorado school districts that were actively exploring later high school start times for the 2017-18 school year, one is moving ahead and one has dropped the idea for now.

The 55,000-student Cherry Creek district — the state’s fourth largest — continues to consider proposed start- and end-time changes at all school levels. While the district is still collecting community feedback, the current proposal would set elementary school start times at 7:55 a.m., middle school start times at 8:50 a.m. and high school start times at 8:15 a.m.

Currently, Cherry Creek elementary schools start about 9 a.m., middle schools start about 8 a.m. and high schools start about 7 am. A recommendation will go before the Cherry Creek school board this spring.

Meanwhile, the 31,000-student Boulder Valley school district won’t change school start times next year because of the complexity of managing school bus schedules and the prospect of higher transportation costs, district spokesman Briggs Gamblin wrote via email.

Changes are still possible for the 2018-19 school year if the district can find a way to keep transportation costs at their current levels, he wrote.

The push for later high school start times has gained steam nationally with increasing evidence that when school schedules match with teen sleep rhythms, students are healthier, more focused, attend school more regularly and do better academically. In the last two years, both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have come out in favor of start times of 8:30 a.m. or after.

In districts that have considered changing high school start times or actually changed them, the logistics of bus schedules and after-school sports are typically the biggest hurdles.

In Colorado, some smaller districts, including the Montezuma-Cortez district in southwest Colorado and the Harrison district in Colorado Springs, have pushed start times to 8:30 a.m. or after for some or all secondary schools.

But large districts have been slower to join the club. Denver Public Schools, the state’s largest school district, briefly explored later start times for some high schools a couple years ago, but the effort did not lead to any changes.

In the Boulder Valley district, a task force spent the 2015-16 school year researching later high school start times, with one of the group’s leaders saying last August she hoped the district could move forward with changes in 2017-18.

In Cherry Creek, where changes to school start and end times have also been under consideration over the last year, a November survey on the topic drew 25,000 responses.

Seventy-three percent of respondents said they wanted high school start times to align more closely to the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation. When respondents were asked to pick between six high school schedule scenarios, the 8 a.m.-3:30 p.m. scenario was most popular — garnering more than 7,000 votes.

No thanks

Diet Nope: Colorado’s large districts still keeping diet soda out of high schools

After a state rule change last fall that allowed Colorado high schools to sell diet soda after a seven-year ban, many of the state’s big school districts have decided to stay soda-free.

Officials in six of Colorado’s 10 largest districts — Denver, Douglas County, Cherry Creek, Boulder Valley, Poudre and Colorado Springs 11 — say there are no plans to allow diet soda sales.

In some cases, such as Boulder, the district’s existing wellness policy already bans the soft drinks. In others, such as Poudre, the superintendent’s cabinet made the decision in the fall. In Denver, the district’s Health Advisory Council has recommended a continued prohibition of diet soda, but the school board hasn’t voted on the recommendation yet.

“We really commend the districts that are strengthening their own policies to continue to disallow diet soda,” said Sarah Kurz, vice president of policy and communications for the advocacy group LiveWell Colorado.

Three of the 10 largest districts — Aurora, Jeffco and Adams 12 — haven’t decided yet whether to bring back diet soda. Adams 12 officials say they’re gathering feedback from the district’s health advisory committee, 42 school wellness committees and all building principals. When that process is complete, any proposed changes will go through a policy-making process that ends with a recommendation to the superintendent.

Jeffco administrators say they’ll also collect data and public input before deciding whether to update the district’s wellness policy to ban diet soda. Aurora officials said there’s no timeline for a decision.

The St. Vrain district was the only one that declined to provide information about its diet soda plans.

“At this time, St. Vrain Valley Schools has no comment regarding this topic,” spokesman Matthew Wiggins wrote via email.

The diet soda issue popped up last summer shortly after new federal rules came out governing certain types of school food. Under those rules, diet soda can be sold to high-schoolers from vending machines and school stores. Colorado’s stricter rules — in place since 2009 — ban all types of soda in schools.

But officials at the state education department who brought the proposed rule change to the State Board of Education said the change would better align state and federal rules and reduce schools’ regulatory burden. Regular soda is still banned in schools because it exceeds maximum calorie limits under both sets of rules.

In August, and again in September, the State Board of Education voted 4-3 along party lines to change Colorado’s “Healthy Beverage Policy” and allow diet soda in high schools. Republican members in favor of the rule change said the seven-year ban hadn’t cut obesity and that it’s the job of parents not schools to ensure kids make healthy choices.

A coalition of health groups, including LiveWell Colorado, lamented the decision, arguing that diet soda has no nutritional value, harms teeth and diverts students from drinking healthier beverages like water.

Kurz said with the recent change in the state board’s composition — Democrats now hold a majority — it’s possible a vote now would go in favor of a diet soda ban. Still, with lots of big education issues looming, she doesn’t expect the board to take up the issue again.