Guess who's back

Meet the Tennessee lawmakers setting this year’s course on education policy

The same leaders and mostly the same faces are returning to the Tennessee legislature’s education committees this year, offering some hints to how education policy might shake out this session.

Sen. Dolores Gresham, a Republican from Somerville, will return as chairwoman of the Senate Education Committee, whose membership remains unchanged from the previous General Assembly.

The House will maintain two education panels for the second consecutive General Assembly. Rep. Harry Brooks, a Republican from Knoxville, will again chair the chamber’s education administration and planning committee, while Rep. John Forgety will return as leader of the committee on education instruction and programs.

Committee appointments were announced Thursday in Nashville by House Speaker Beth Harwell and newly elected Lt. Gov. Randy McNally during the first week of the 110th General Assembly.


 Here are four education issues to watch as Tennessee’s legislature kicks off


While it’s a new session, the education committees are expected to face familiar questions about the state’s testing system, the Achievement School District, and tuition vouchers. And with few new members, it will take changing minds to proffer different results on issues like vouchers, which sailed easily through House committees last session, only to stall on the House floor.

All four of House’s new education committee members have served in the legislature in the past, on other committees.

Rep. Mike Stewart, a Democrat from Nashville, has strong feelings about testing, having opted out his own child from taking the state’s new TNReady assessment last year.

Rep. Terri Lynn Weaver, a Republican from Lancaster, filed a bill last session to repeal the Common Core State Standards. Her proposal was unsuccessful, though separate legislation eventually resulted in the standards being revised.

Rep. Jay Reedy, a Republican from Erin, writes on his website that he does not believe in “one-size-fits-all education ideas from the federal government.”

And Rep. Andy Holt, a Republican from Dresden, identifies as a strong proponent of school choice.

Here’s the full list of committee appointments. (Members who are new to the panels are identified with an asterisk.)

Senate Education

Chairwoman: Sen. Dolores Gresham (R-Somerville)

Vice-chairmen: Sen. Reginald Tate (D-Memphis), Sen. Todd Gardenhire (R-Chattanooga)

Sen. Rusty Crowe (R-Johnson City)

Sen. Steven Dickerson (R-Nashville)

Sen. Brian Kelsey (R-Germantown)

Sen. Jim Tracy (R-Shelbyville)

Sen. Ferrell Haile (R-Gallatin)

Sen. Joey Hensley (R-Hohenwald)

House Education, Administration and Planning

Chairman: Rep. Harry Brooks (R-Knoxville)

Vice-chairman: Rep. Eddie Smith (R-Knoxville)

Rep. Raumesh Akbari (D-Memphis)

Rep. John DeBerry (D-Memphis)

Rep. Craig Fitzhugh (R-Ripley)

Rep. Roger Kane (R-Knoxville)

Rep. Ron Lollar (R-Bartlett)

Rep. Jimmy Matlock (R-Lenoir City)*

Rep. Debra Moody (R-Covington)

Rep. Johnnie Turner (D-Memphis)

Rep. Terri Lynn Weaver (R-Lancaster)*

Rep. Dawn White (R-Murfreesboro)

Rep. Mark White (R-Memphis)

House- Education, Instruction and Programs

Chairman: Rep. John Forgety (R)

Vice chairman: Rep. David Byrd (R-Waynesboro)

Rep. Sheila Butt (R-Columbia)

Rep. Bill Dunn (R-Knoxville)

Rep. Andy Holt (R-Dresden)*

Rep. Roger Kane (R-Knoxville)

Rep. Sabi “Doc” Kumar (R-Springfield)

Rep. Harold Love (D-Nashville)

Rep. Joe Pitts (D-Clarksville)

Rep. Jay Reedy (R- Erin)*

Rep. Mike Stewart (D-Nashville)*

Rep. Joe Towns (D-Memphis)

talking it out

At NAACP hearing on charter school moratorium, foes and fans find common ground

PHOTO: Cassi Feldman
Nyla Jenkins, a first-grader at KIPP STAR Harlem College Prep Charter School

When the NAACP called for a moratorium on charter schools last fall, the group’s president and CEO Cornell Brooks said the group wanted a “reasoned pause,” not a “doomsday destruction” of charters.

Still, it ignited a firestorm among charter school supporters and sparked a series of hearings nationwide, the last of which was held Thursday in New York City. But rather than a heated debate, the panelists and public speakers took pains to find common ground.

“We cannot have a situation where schools are pitted against each other,” Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, told the packed auditorium at Harlem Hospital Center.

Many panelists said the problem wasn’t school choice, but the fact that too many parents felt compelled to seek alternatives to struggling district schools.

“If you go into communities where education is working, you don’t see people scrambling around, trying to figure out what school to put their child in,” said Lester Young, a member of the state Board of Regents. “We have communities in New York City right now where parents say there is not one middle school I can place my child in. Now, that’s the issue.”

Still, many of the speakers also acknowledged problems with charter schools, particularly in states where the laws governing them are more lax than they are in New York.

“We want to make sure that those schools are going to accept students that have special needs,” said Rebecca Pringle, vice president of the National Education Association. “We want to make sure that we do not create separate systems that are unequal.”

The charter school advocates on the panel seemed to agree that some charters weren’t working. They were quick to denounce for-profit charters, for instance. “For-profit operators have no business in education,” said Katie Duffy, CEO of Democracy Prep Charter School. Our children “are not assets and liabilities and they shouldn’t be treated as such.”

Rafiq Kalam id-Din II, who founded a charter school in Bedford-Stuyvesant, spoke about the need for more schools like his, founded and staffed by black and Hispanic community members. Without naming names, he called out charter schools that believe “if you don’t sit a certain way, you can’t learn” or are using suspension as a “first response” rather than a last resort.

“Criminalizing the behavior of our children — there should be a moratorium on that,” he said.

But it was Nyla Jenkins, 7, a first-grader at KIPP STAR Harlem College Prep Charter School, who drew the most applause of the night when she took the microphone and declared herself a junior lifetime member of the NAACP. “Let’s find a solution for all of us,” she said.

Building Better Schools

IPS broke its own rules to work with a for-profit charter operator. Now it’s having second thoughts.

PHOTO: Scott Elliott
Donnan Middle School was taken over by the state and handed off to be run by Charter Schools USA in 2012. The school now includes an elementary school in partnership with Indianapolis Public Schools.

An unusual partnership between a for-profit charter operator and Indianapolis Public Schools could be on the rocks.

That’s because during its first year of operation, Emma Donnan Elementary School students had some of the lowest test scores in the district and did not make significant gains from the prior year — landing it on the shortlist for district intervention.

If scores are not good this year or in 2018, the district might terminate its contract with Charter Schools USA to operate Donnan, according to Superintendent Lewis Ferebee.

“They struggled in last year’s performance,” he said. “They did not perform at our standard.”

Florida-based CSUSA began managing three Indianapolis schools, including Emma Donnan Middle School, after the schools were taken over by the Indiana State Board of Education six years ago. In 2015, they opened Donnan Elementary as an IPS innovation school in the same building as the middle school. The district is responsible for the school’s — so far low — test scores, but the staff are employed by the charter operator, which handles daily operations.

IPS suspended a policy against working with for-profit operators when it agreed to work with CSUSA to launch Donnan Elementary. The move was intended to give the district more involvement in a building that otherwise would be state-controlled and give CSUSA a chance to work with students earlier. Middle schoolers at Donnan often enroll far behind grade level.

Eric Lewis, a senior official with CSUSA, said the organization is “thrilled to be in partnership” with IPS, and he is not concerned about pressure from the district to improve test scores because “we always intend to improve.”

CSUSA operates 77 schools across the country, many of which also have struggled academically. In the six years since Indiana handed management of three IPS schools over to the charter-manager, those schools have not shown significant improvement.

In recent years, CSUSA has appeared poised to expand in Indiana, but earlier this week the Indiana Charter School Board canceled charters for two schools that were expected to be managed by CSUSA because the company had stopped communicating about its plans.

IPS board members have been skeptical of Donnan Elementary’s progress in the past, but they were relatively quiet during a presentation from CSUSA at their meeting Thursday. (Innovation schools must present their progress to their board twice a year.)

Board member Diane Arnold said the report, which included information on enrollment and scores on tests used to track student progress throughout the year, showed more improvement than the last report school leaders presented to the board.

She is cautiously optimistic Donnan will improve with support.

“We kind of pushed the envelope to give them the elementary school,” she said. “My expectation is we should see results. … And I am hopeful.”

But it’s unclear what help the school will get from the district to improve test scores. Lewis said he did not “have any sense” of what resources the district could provide the school through its new intervention process, but “we look forward to partnering with them.”

Board president Mary Ann Sullivan said she was concerned that Donnan appeared on the list of low-performing schools, and she is relying on the staff overseeing innovation schools to track its progress.

“When we have partners … their purpose is to improve student achievement, and (if) that doesn’t happen, then yes, we will absolutely intervene in those schools,” she said. “We are going to be looking for accountability.”