School Finance

Republicans introduce their SB 213 “do over” bills

House Republicans on Thursday introduced three bills that seek to resurrect parts of Senate Bill 13-213, the comprehensive school funding overhaul that was passed by the legislature last year but which didn’t go into effect because voters rejected Amendment 66, the tax increase needed to pay for the overhaul.

No Republicans voted for SB 13-213, but that didn’t stop them from convening a news conference on Nov. 6, the day after A66 lost, to say they wanted to enact parts of the bill in 2014.

Here are the three bills introduced Thursday:

  • House Bill 14-1139 – The measure would convert the current single-day attendance count system to a method called average daily membership (ADM), which many consider a more accurate count of student enrollment. (Five House GOP sponsors)
  • House Bill 14-1145 – The bill would require the Department of Education to create a website that provides detailed revenue and spending information about school districts. (Sole sponsor is Rep. Jim Wilson, R-Salida)
  • House Bill 14-1147 – The proposal would set annual state aid to charter schools for facilities costs at $25 million. (Twenty-six House sponsors and one in the Senate, all Republicans)

While Republicans and Democrats alike – including Gov. John Hickenlooper – have expressed interest in ADM and financial transparency legislation, it’s unlikely majority Democrats will allow Republicans to take credit for such bills.

Denver Democratic Sen. Mike Johnston, the father of SB 13-213, is expected to introduce his own proposals to cherry-pick pieces of that bill. Asked about that Wednesday, Johnston didn’t provide details but suggested checking with him next week.

A bigger fight may be brewing over how to pay for such legislation. Republicans argue that such bills carry only one-time costs that can be covered by an estimated $1 billion available in the State Education Fund. But school districts, anxious to restore some of the more than $1 billion cut from school budgets in recent recession years, are expected to resist new education bills with price tags, regardless of whether they propose one-time spending and regardless of which party sponsors them.

SB 13-213 estimated that the Colorado Department of Education would need $5 million in the first year and more later to pay for the technological upgrades needed to make ADM and financial transparency work.

Also introduced Thursday was House Bill 14-1131, which would make cyber-bullying of minors a misdemeanor. It has nine House Democratic sponsors but no Senate sponsors.

Check Chalkbeat Colorado’s exclusive Education Bill Tracker for bill summaries and links to full bill texts.


More than 1,000 Memphis school employees will get raise to $15 per hour

PHOTO: Katie Kull

About 1,200 Memphis school employees will see their wages increase to $15 per hour under a budget plan announced Tuesday evening.

The raises would would cost about $2.4 million, according to Lin Johnson, the district’s chief of finance.

The plan for Shelby County Schools, the city’s fifth largest employer, comes as the city prepares to mark the 50th anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., who had come to Memphis in 1968 to promote living wages.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson read from King’s speech to sanitation workers 50 years and two days ago as they were on strike for fair wages:

“Do you know that most of the poor people in our country are working every day? They are making wages so low that they cannot begin to function in the mainstream of the economic life or our nation. They are making wages so low that they cannot begin to function in the mainstream of the economic life of our nation … And it is criminal to have people working on a full time basis and a full time job getting part time income.”

Hopson also cited a “striking” report that showed an increase in the percent of impoverished children in Shelby County. That report from the University of Memphis was commissioned by the National Civil Rights Museum to analyze poverty trends since King’s death.

“We think it’s very important because so many of our employees are actually parents of students in our district,” Hopson said.

The superintendent of Tennessee’s largest district frequently cites what he calls “suffocating poverty” for many of the students in Memphis public schools as a barrier to academic success.

Most of the employees currently making below $15 per hour are warehouse workers, teaching assistants, office assistants, and cafeteria workers, said Johnson.

The threshold of $15 per hour is what many advocates have pushed to increase the federal minimum wage. The living wage in Memphis, or amount that would enable families of one adult and one child to support themselves, is $21.90, according to a “living wage calculator” produced by a Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor.

Board members applauded the move Tuesday but urged Hopson to make sure those the district contracts out services to also pay their workers that same minimum wage.

“This is a bold step for us to move forward as a district,” said board chairwoman Shante Avant.

after parkland

Tennessee governor proposes $30 million for student safety plan

Gov. Bill Haslam is proposing spending an extra $30 million to improve student safety in Tennessee, both in schools and on school buses.

Gov. Bill Haslam on Tuesday proposed spending an extra $30 million to improve student safety in Tennessee, joining the growing list of governors pushing similar actions after last month’s shooting rampage at a Florida high school.

But unlike other states focusing exclusively on safety inside of schools, Haslam wants some money to keep students safe on school buses too — a nod to several fatal accidents in recent years, including a 2016 crash that killed six elementary school students in Chattanooga.

“Our children deserve to learn in a safe and secure environment,” Haslam said in presenting his safety proposal in an amendment to his proposed budget.

The Republican governor only had about $84 million in mostly one-time funding to work with for extra needs this spring, and school safety received top priority. Haslam proposed $27 million for safety in schools and $3 million to help districts purchase new buses equipped with seat belts.

But exactly how the school safety money will be spent depends on recommendations from Haslam’s task force on the issue, which is expected to wind up its work on Thursday after three weeks of meetings. Possibilities include more law enforcement officers and mental health services in schools, as well as extra technology to secure school campuses better.

“We don’t have an exact description of how those dollars are going to be used. We just know it’s going to be a priority,” Haslam told reporters.

The governor acknowledged that $30 million is a modest investment given the scope of the need, and said he is open to a special legislative session on school safety. “I think it’s a critical enough issue,” he said, adding that he did not expect that to happen. (State lawmakers cannot begin campaigning for re-election this fall until completing their legislative work.)

Education spending already is increased in Haslam’s $37.5 billion spending plan unveiled in January, allocating an extra $212 million for K-12 schools and including $55 million for teacher pay raises. But Haslam promised to revisit the numbers — and specifically the issue of school safety — after a shooter killed 14 students and three faculty members on Feb. 14 in Parkland, Florida, triggering protests from students across America and calls for heightened security and stricter gun laws.

Haslam had been expected to roll out a school safety plan this spring, but his inclusion of bus safety was a surprise to many. Following fatal crashes in Hamilton and Knox counties in recent years, proposals to retrofit school buses with seat belts have repeatedly collapsed in the legislature under the weight the financial cost.

The new $3 million investment would help districts begin buying new buses with seat belts but would not address existing fleets.

“Is it the final solution on school bus seat belts? No, but it does [make a start],” Haslam said.

The governor presented his school spending plan on the same day that the House Civil Justice Committee advanced a controversial bill that would give districts the option of arming some trained teachers with handguns. The bill, which Haslam opposes, has amassed at least 45 co-sponsors in the House and now goes to the House Education Administration and Planning Committee.

“I just don’t think most teachers want to be armed,” Haslam told reporters, “and I don’t think most school boards are going to authorize them to be armed, and I don’t think most people are going to want to go through the training.”

Editor’s note: This story has been updated.