Tennessee

School takeover meetings with teachers begin this week; union wants access

PHOTO: Tajuana Cheshier/Chalkbeat TN
M-SCEA President Keith Williams voices opposition to school closures earlier this year during a board meeting.

Memphis-Shelby County Education Association President Keith Williams wants access to informational meetings for teachers working at schools facing takeover by the Achievement School District in the 2015-16 school year.

“We want the time, place and date of those meetings, so we can attend,” Williams said Tuesday, adding that he sent a formal request to Brad Leon, chief of strategy and innovation for Shelby County Schools.

As of Wednesday morning, the association had not received a response. Nor had the district responded to Chalkbeat’s request for information.

Williams said he has several unanswered questions for the district and the ASD, including how many of the schools slated for takeover will be directly run by the ASD or a charter school.

“We need to be at all of the meetings to know what information the teachers are receiving,” Williams said.

Many Shelby County teachers at schools slated for takeover received official letters from the district on Monday explaining that their school was eligible for takeover and eligible for the school matching process. Schools facing takeover have been chronically low-performing for the past three years.

The letter encourages teachers to be a part of the matching process, which involves parents, teachers and members of the community meeting with the charter operators and discussing plans for the takeover school.  Feedback from those meetings is used by the Achievement Advisory Council’s matching recommendations to the ASD.

“All of this helps the ASD make the best decision for kids,” Elliot Smalley, ASD chief of staff said Wednesday.  Smalley said the ASD is part of the faculty meetings at the targeted schools, but the decision about who is invited to those meetings is up to Shelby County Schools.

“Your feedback and participation will help shape recommendations for the ASD. ASD schools are run by public charter school operators, so this matching process gives you a chance to meet the operators and provide input on which one(s) are the best fit if your school is chosen for the ASD,” the letter says.

The letter also says teachers are, “100 percent fundamental in this process. There is a lot of good work to do the rest of the year, and we will be working collectively with you to ensure that you and your students are supported.”

The letter was signed by Leon and Angela Whitelaw, assistant superintendent of schools.

One affected teacher, who spoke on the condition of anonymity out of concern for her job, said teachers at her school were surprised to learn they were under consideration for takeover since the school is a considered a Level 5  (the highest ranking) school, based on student growth.

“A lot of teachers are uncertain about what they’re going to do next year,” she said.  “We were like ‘why us?'”

Williams said starting the takeover conversation nine weeks into the new school year is damaging for teacher morale.

“They never announced the school takeover list this early,” Williams said.  “The first report cards haven’t even gone out yet. Now instead of focusing on instruction, teachers at the takeover schools will be thinking about looking for a job, and the academic scores could suffer.”

Contact Tajuana Cheshier at tcheshier@chalkbeat.org and (901) 730-4013.

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School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.


For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.


Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at cbauman@chalkbeat.org.

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede