Funding & Finance

Shelby County School Board votes to join funding lawsuit against the state

Board member Chris Caldwell has led the charge to sue the state for not fully funding the BEP formula.

Weary of the state’s chronic underfunding of Tennessee’s largest public school district, the Shelby County School Board voted Tuesday to explore suing the state over how it funds K-12 education.

With the board’s 9-0 vote, Shelby County Schools joins a growing list of districts ready to move toward litigation against the state over the funding issue.

School boards in Knox, Hamilton and Bradley counties voted earlier this month to pursue legal discussions, and leaders of Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools are expected to consider the matter in several weeks.

At issue is the state’s Basic Education Program (BEP), the funding formula through which state education dollars are generated and distributed to Tennessee schools. The BEP is defined by the state as the amount of funds sufficient to provide a “basic level of education for Tennessee students.”

But like elected education officials in other districts, Shelby County leaders say the district has not received all the state money it’s due – exacerbating its struggle to raise teacher pay, improve test scores and provide the innovations necessary to address gaps in student learning.

Board member Chris Caldwell, who proposed the resolution to explore legal options, estimates that Shelby County Schools stands to receive at least $103 million more annually if the state pays its full obligation under the BEP.

“For the last two years, the state dangles a carrot out there that they’re going to do something,” Caldwell said. “They have not shown any proclivity or desire to fully fund education. It’s not their priority.”

Tennessee ranks 45th in the nation in per-pupil spending, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

While school boards are organizing for a lawsuit, many district leaders hope to avoid that option by allowing the Tennessee General Assembly to address the issue this year when approving the state’s upcoming budget.

If the districts band together and sue, it won’t be the first time districts have gone to court over the state’s education funding formula.

In 1988, 77 small school systems sued the state, claiming its funding formula –  known as the Tennessee Foundation Program – was inequitable. The Tennessee Supreme Court agreed and ordered the state to develop a plan to correct the problem. In 1992 with the passage of the Education Improvement Act, Tennessee implemented the BEP, and the formula has continued to be adjusted through the years.

In 2007, the legislature rewrote the formula to take into account a county’s ability to to cover funds for public schools. However, district leaders say the state has never adequately funded the revised formula – giving them standing, they say, to file another lawsuit.

In his 2015-16 budget proposal for K-12 education, Gov. Bill Haslam proposed spending an additional $97 million toward teacher raises and another $44 million for local schools under the BEP.

Contact Daarel Burnette II at [email protected] or 901-260-3705.

Follow us on Twitter: @Daarel, @chalkbeattn.

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In the dark

With solar eclipse looming, shuttered school planetarium represents ‘missed opportunity’ for Memphis students

PHOTO: Laura Faith Kebede
Craigmont High School teacher Wayne Oellig helps his students with a biology experiment related to the Aug. 21 solar eclipse.

Sitting on the hot sidewalk outside of Craigmont High School in Memphis, ninth-graders wearing paper lab coats carefully connect a gas sensor to a plastic bottle filled with fresh spinach — a biology experiment that they’ll repeat on Monday during the great American solar eclipse.

The objective is to measure the difference in carbon dioxide emission from a plant on a normal day and during a total solar eclipse.

“That’s crazy we’re experiencing history,” said an enthusiastic Elisha Holmes as he worked Friday with his lab partners. 

Only steps away, a significant teaching tool that’s tailor-made for such an event sits idle. Craigmont’s 40-year-old planetarium is outdated and in need of a modernization costing up to $400,000. Shuttered since 2010, the space is used now as an occasional gathering place for school meetings and for the football team to watch game films.

Principal Tisha Durrah said the excitement of getting 500 safety glasses for students to watch this month’s rare solar phenomenon is bittersweet because the school’s planetarium isn’t being used.

“It’s a missed opportunity, and we don’t want to keep missing it,” she said.

Tennessee is among 14 states in the direct path of the total eclipse, where observers will see the moon completely cover the sun. For Memphis viewers in the state’s southwestern tip, they’ll see about 90 percent of the sun covered. It isn’t likely to happen again in the U.S. until 2024.

“Hopefully for the next solar eclipse, we’ll have it up and running,” Durrah joked this week as her science teachers found other ways to integrate the eclipse into their lessons.

Money raised so far to reopen the planetarium is a drop in the bucket. Craigmont has taken in about $6,000 toward the goal of fully revamping the space, updating technology and making the planetarium sustainable for years to come.

In the meantime, Durrah has contacted alumni and other potential donors in Memphis and beyond, including the New York planetarium of famed astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson. Shelby County Schools has started a fund-raising account and is looking into other ways to help.

Durrah wants her students to participate in a penny drive as well. “Many of them don’t even know the planetarium is here,” she said of the unique theater.

Even though he’s found other ways to use the eclipse as a teachable moment, biology teacher Wayne Oellig wishes he could have produced simulations in the school’s planetarium on what a solar eclipse looks like from places like the moon or Mars. With the right software, he could help his students, many of whom come from low-income families, experience what a rainforest or historic battlefield looks like, too.

“You can use it for a whole school experience,” he said.

But the screens on the large dome are stained, and the antiquated projector in the center of the room is stuck in its base. A large device by the control panel looks like a first-generation computer, not a high-tech device that could help the school advance studies in science, technology, engineering and math.

Craigmont could get away with about $60,000 in repairs to make the planetarium operational, but it would be a short-term fix, the principal says. With a full renovation, the district could host tours from other schools, with their fees covering maintenance costs.

Durrah is confident that the investment would pay off. “When our students can relate to real-world experiences, it can enhance what’s going on here at our school,” she said.

Below, watch a video showing teacher Wayne Oellig talk about Craigmont’s planetarium and its possibilities.

With solar eclipse looming, shuttered school planetarium represents ‘missed opportunity’ for Memphis students from Chalkbeat Tennessee on Vimeo.

Follow the money

Audit: NYC issued $2.7 billion in noncompetitive education contracts — and often violates its own rules

PHOTO: Alex Zimmerman
City Comptroller Scott Stringer criticized the city's ability to keep track of education technology in July.

The city’s education department routinely violated state law and its own policies in issuing contracts worth billions of dollars — mostly awarded without a competitive bidding process.

That’s according to a blistering audit released Friday by city Comptroller Scott Stringer, the first major audit to scrutinize contracting by the de Blasio education department. It found that the department issued $2.7 billion contracts without a competitive process in fiscal year 2016, or roughly 64 percent of all spending on contracts.

The education department routinely failed to properly oversee its vendors, paid them late, and often directed them to begin work before proper paperwork was filed with the comptroller’s office, according to the audit.

“This investigation shows that DOE acts as though the rules don’t matter,” Stringer said in a statement which included 20 recommendations to fix the process. “When it comes to contracting, this is an opaque agency that refuses to accept responsibility, that often uses inaccurate arguments to defend backwards organizational practices.”

Some highlights:

  • Out of 521 “limited competition” contracts, the city directed vendors to begin work before filing appropriate paperwork on 85 percent of them. In one case, a contract was filed two and a half years after the vendor began work.
  • The education department did not correct sloppy oversight of vendors, despite a 2015 audit that urged them to do so. In some cases, “there was no evidence the DOE conducted performance evaluations, as required by the DOE’s own procurement rules,” the audit found.
  • The DOE spent $2 million to pay for “goods or services that had already been improperly purchased in violation of DOE’s procurement rules.”

Stringer’s findings come less than a month after the comptroller blasted the city’s management of education technology in a separate audit that found the education department has lost track of thousands of computers and failed to create an appropriate tracking system for them. Stringer’s harsh criticisms of Mayor Bill de Blasio’s education department come shortly after endorsing the mayor’s re-election bid.

The Bloomberg administration also faced sharp criticism for awarding contracts without soliciting competing bids. The administration’s critics said the mayor was inappropriately applying business practices to public spending. But Joel Klein, Bloomberg’s longest-serving chancellor, dismissed the criticism, saying he’d “never seen [an audit] that didn’t say you couldn’t follow procurement rules a little closer.”

Will Mantell, an education department spokesman, said the city’s procurement process is “rigorous” and “many of this audit’s conclusions are incorrect.”

“We perform background checks on all vendors and post them online, maintain the appropriate documentation on procurements, and recently implemented an electronic performance evaluation system,” Mantell added.