College path

U.S. education chief highlights tools to reduce barriers to college during Memphis visit

PHOTO: Laura Faith Kebede
U.S. Education Secretary John B. King Jr. and Craigmont High School senior Kevin Mathews demonstrate how to use the U.S. Department of Education's College Scorecard, which helps students and parents sift through information about colleges. King visited Memphis Wednesday as part of the department's back-to-school bus tour.

When U.S. Education Secretary John King asked about 200 Memphis students if they were considering going to college, most raised their hands. And most of those hands stayed up when he asked if they’d be the first in their family to do so.

So, in the spirit of showing students that they can navigate the process to get there, King recruited one high school senior to demonstrate College Scorecard, a tool launched last year by the U.S. Department of Education for students and parents to compare the cost and value of various colleges.

Together, King and Kevin Mathews scrolled through a few of the colleges that the teen from Craigmont High School had his eye on, and explored their tuition, student population, degree programs and graduation rates. Each of the more than 7,000 colleges on the scorecard feature more than 1,700 data points, including gauging whether a student can afford to repay the loans possibly incurred to pursue a degree.

King also highlighted students’ ability to apply for financial aid for college beginning Oct. 1, three months earlier than in previous years, through the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. This year, parents can use their previous year’s tax returns, cutting the estimated time to complete the form by two-thirds.

The visit — King’s first to Memphis since becoming the nation’s education chief in March — was part of the U.S. Department of Education’s back-to-school bus tour this week through the South to highlight education initiatives of President Barack Obama’s administration.

The streamlined FAFSA process and college comparison tool should cut down on barriers for students already at a disadvantage because of their family income or being a first-generation college student, the secretary said.

“They get discouraged and dissuaded from their dreams,” King said. “They go to the FAFSA and say ‘that’s going to be too complicated to fill out.’ They look at college applications and they say ‘I’m not sure if I can afford that.’”

King also praised Tennessee Promise, which began with the class of 2015 and offers two years of tuition-free community or technical college to the state’s high school graduates. He urged other states to follow suit in the spirit of America’s College Promise, Obama’s tuition-free community college initiative announced in 2015 at Pellissippi State Community College in Knoxville, where King also visited Tuesday on his bus tour.

The comments came on the same day that Los Angeles became the nation’s largest city to announce a plan to make high school seniors within Los Angeles Unified School District eligible for one year of free community college starting in 2017. But such programs are still the exception.

“The challenge is unfortunately in many states, investment in higher education has been flat or declining,” King said.

At a college fair for Memphis students at Craigmont High School, the secretary talked about the challenges of not only getting to college but staying in college when students struggle academically.

“It’s not always going to be easy, and the key is that you have to be willing to ask for help,” he said. “You have to be willing to ask questions and not feel like you have to do it on your own.”

King (at left) watches a teacher perform at Lafayette's Music Room in Midtown Memphis.
PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
King (at left) watches a teacher perform at Lafayette’s Music Room in Midtown Memphis.

King later stopped by a club in Midtown Memphis to celebrate arts education and speak with music educators at an event hosted by Spotify.

Memphis was the secretary’s final Tennessee stop of his week-long bus tour, which included visits on Tuesday in Bristol, Knoxville and Chattanooga to highlight technology education, America’s College Promise and teacher leadership. The tour also includes stops in Charlottesville, Va.; Harvest, Ala.; Little Rock, Ark.; Indianola, Miss.; and Monroe, Baton Rouge and New Orleans, La.

Correction, Sept. 15, 2016: A previous version of this story misstated when Tennessee Promise was launched.


Chicago’s Acero teachers vote 98% to authorize first-ever charter school strike

PHOTO: Yana Kunichoff / Chalkbeat
Members of the Chicago Alliance of Charter Teachers and Staff protest before an Acero network board meeting in October.

Teachers at 15 Acero schools overwhelmingly voted Tuesday evening to authorize a strike, setting the stage for the first walkout in the nation by teachers at a charter network.

With a 96 percent turnout of the estimated 500 union-represented Acero Teachers, 98 percent of members voted to grant a strike authorization. The teachers union can now announce a strike date if contract negotiations reach an impasse, according to the Chicago Alliance of Charter Teachers and Staff (ChiACTS).

Acero, formerly named UNO, is the largest unionized charter-school operator in Chicago Public Schools. Its contract with teachers expired Aug. 2 and was extended until Oct. 3. But talks have been stalled, union officials said.

If teachers do walk out, it could be the country’s first charter school strike, union leaders said.

At issue in the contract negotiations are higher pay, increased diversity among teaching staff in majority Latino schools, smaller class sizes, better special education services and teacher evaluations.

Chicago International Charter Schools teachers will also take a strike authorization vote Friday.

Changing course

Memphis’ only program for adults to get high school diploma gets lifeline from district leaders

PHOTO: Laura Faith Kebede/Chalkbeat
Kennishia Pratts, 19, is on track to graduate from The Excel Center in December. She plans to attend Spelman College, a prestigious historically black women’s college.

Update on Oct. 30, 2018: The Shelby County Schools board approved this contract. 

The only thing that was keeping 19-year-old Kennishia Pratts from a job she really needed was a high school diploma, one potential employer told her.

So Pratts decided she would go back to school. She tried to enroll at a nearby high school, but was ineligible because of her age. That’s when she turned to The Excel Center, a charter school for adults and the only place in Memphis adults can get their high school diploma — not just an equivalent commonly known as a GED.

“When they told me I could get my official high school diploma here, I was ecstatic,” Pratts said. “I’d rather have my high school diploma where I know that I’m for sure going to get into college, I’m for sure going to get this job.”

With two children to support, “I have to make a living out here,” explained Pratts, who is on track to graduate later this year.

But now Excel is slated to close at the end of this academic year because it hasn’t graduated enough students on time and has posted low scores on state standardized tests, called TNReady. By state law, any charter school on the Tennessee Department of Education’s “priority list,” composed of the state’s lowest-performing schools, must close.

That’s why Shelby County Schools is stepping in to help keep Excel’s doors open to serve what Superintendent Dorsey Hopson called a “unique population.” It would no longer be a charter school, but a “contract school,” according to district policy. The state is also supporting the switch because “as an adult high school, the Excel Center does not fit the K-12 charter model,” a state spokeswoman said.

The school board is expected to vote Tuesday on a proposed contract between the district and Goodwill Industries that would set up a different set of expectations for adult learners.

The need for schools like The Excel Center is immense. Adult education programs are scarce in Memphis, which has one of the highest poverty rates in the nation. About 2,000 students drop out of high school every year, according to the city’s main school district. In addition, Memphis has the highest percentage in the nation of young people ages 16 to 24 not in school or working. Without a high school education, it’s that much harder to find a job. Those without a high school diploma are also more likely to end up in jail.

Adult learners come with different challenges than traditional students, school leaders say. They are more likely to need child care while they are in class, have inflexible, low wage jobs, and and need more help with academics because of long gaps in education.

State policy for schools like Excel is lacking, said Candis Dawson, the school’s director. Goodwill operates at least 20 similar schools in five states where there are different standards for measuring success at adult schools. For example, most adult learners missed graduating with their classmates. Since schools qualify for Tennessee’s priority list if the percentage of students graduating on time is below 67 percent, it’s unlikely the center would ever escape the dreaded list. (In 2018, the center’s on-time graduation rate — that is, within four years and a summer of entering 9th grade — was 8.8 percent.)

“It’s not a blame on the district or the state, but we were put in a holding pattern until key players came together to say this model wouldn’t work for us,” Dawson said. Otherwise, “we would automatically continue to fail.”

To address that, the proposed $239,000 contract for no more than 500 students would establish new metrics to gauge success. Students would still take TNReady end-of-course exams like their younger counterparts.

Specifically, the requirements to keep Excel open include:

  • 18 percent of students in an academic year gain their high school diploma
  • 20 percent of graduates within six months are hired for a job that pays more than minimum wage, receive a job certification, such as nursing assistant, or are accepted to attend a community college or four-year university.
  • 59 percent of students complete each eight-week term.

If the school fails for two straight years to meet those amended requirements, should they clear the board, Shelby County Schools could close the school.

PHOTO: Laura Faith Kebede/Chalkbeat
The Excel Center opened in 2015 as a charter school for adults to get their high school diploma.

Currently, the center employs 11 teachers for its 450 students and offers classes from 8:45 a.m. to 6:15 p.m., weekly bus passes, and free child care for children ages six weeks to 12 years. Younger children can also enroll in pre-kindergarten classes at Excel.

“They’re learning the power of education as they see their parents go to class,” said Chuck Molinski, the center’s vice president of education.

The school year is divided into five, eight-week sessions to accelerate students’ completion of credits. If needed, students attend remedial courses before enrolling in credit-bearing classes so they will be able to keep up with the faster pace. Students can enroll for a term, take a break for a term, and then return later, if needed. None of that would change under the new contract arrangement.

The average age of Excel students is 27, with the school serving students as young as 18 and as old as 84. The center also offers life-coaching to help students navigate services, such as housing and job placement. Every student is required to take a class on crafting resumes and cover letters, culminating in a presentation of a portfolio of their work. Job fairs, field trips to area businesses, and workshops on filling out college admissions paperwork is commonplace. Most students are enrolled for three or four terms before earning enough credits for a diploma. If a student has no high school credits coming in, it takes about 18 months attending classes full time to graduate. So far, the three-year-old school has graduated nearly 400 students.

A diploma, rather than a GED, is worth the extra effort, Molinski said.

“On the employer end it shows more of a dedication and devotion… Our students are having to take ACT, TNReady, and the civics exam,” he said. “It shows more dedication than just going on a computer and passing a test.”

Pratts, the Excel student, is now aiming beyond the job she was turned down before going back to school. She’s been admitted to Spelman College in Atlanta, a prestigious historically black women’s college. It’s something she never before thought possible.

“If they close [The Excel Center], a lot of people are going to be devastated because this school has helped a lot of people achieve things they never thought they would,” she said.