From the Statehouse

Larger K-12 cuts may be looming

Reductions in state support for K-12 schools in 2010-11 may be larger than previously proposed, based on new state revenue predictions issued Friday.

Additional cuts could be between $65 and $70 million.

Gov. Bill Ritter’s previously announced K-12 spending plan would cut aid by 4.56 percent, or $260 million, from the amount of school aid in the current 2009-10 budget. But, the proposed cut would be $374.1 million, or 6.12 percent, when calculated against the full amount school districts would otherwise have expected to receive in 2010-11.

The $65-$70 million figure is derived from a grid of options prepared by Todd Herreid, a legislative finance analyst. The grid lists possible K-12 cuts based on different increases or decreases in state general fund support.

Todd Saliman, director of the State Office of Planning and Budgeting, told EdNews Friday that Herreid’s estimate of an additional $67 million cut is probably in the ballpark. Speaking earlier to lawmakers, Saliman said, “I suspect our model will produce a similar result” to what Herreid concluded.

But, Saliman and his boss, the governor, both stressed Friday that the executive branch needs to carefully study the latest revenue forecasts before adjusting its 2010-11 budget-cutting proposals.

“We have no sense [yet] what role K-12 will play” in an adjusted budget plan, Ritter told reporters Friday afternoon.

“We have more tough choices to make,” Ritter said, even as he found some hope in the conclusion by legislative economists that the recession in Colorado is over – but that recovery will be long and slow.

Earlier in the day, legislative chief economist Natalie Mullis told legislative leaders, budget committee members and other lawmakers, “In Colorado the recession is over; the recovery is beginning.” But, she added, “The end of the recession does not mean the end of troubles.”

Mullis and her colleagues now estimate that state tax revenue available to spending in 2010-11 will be $1.5 billion less than what’s budgeted to be spent in the current, 2009-10 budget.

That estimate is difficult to translate into possible specific cuts, because it doesn’t take into account the governor’s proposed reductions nor any changes in inflation or caseloads such as school enrollment, prison inmates or Medicaid patients.

The recession and declining state revenues have set school districts up for a potential triple financial whammy.

  • Lawmakers are expected to cut current school aid by $110 million (a little under 2 percent) after they convene next month.
  • Overall enrollment and enrollment of at-risk students has risen faster than was predicted when school funding was set last spring. In a “normal” budget year, the legislature would reimburse districts for such increases with a mid-year budget addition. But, there are fears the legislature won’t do that this year. Saliman told EdNews that the administration hasn’t yet decided what to recommend on the growth issue.
  • And, 2010-11 spending could be cut by 6 percent or more, depending on what lawmakers decide to do with Ritter’s plan. Cuts of that magnitude are unprecedented and would rely on a narrow interpretation of Amendment 23. Many education interest groups disagree with Ritter’s interpretation but see little or no way to avoid using it. School boards around the state already are looking at budget cuts for the 2010-11 school year. The situation has worrisome implications for class sizes, teacher pay and even the length of the school year.

The revenue forecasts sparked some black humor by legislators Friday.

“I think we’re going to take the entire state budget to Black Hawk and put it on No. 7,” joked Rep. Kent Lambert, R-Colorado Springs, a member of the Joint Budget Committee.

“We haven’t decided on 7 yet,” replied Rep. Jack Pommer, D-Boulder and JBC chair.

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Field trip

Here’s what Superintendent Hopson told state lawmakers in Nashville about Memphis schools

PHOTO: Laura Faith Kebede
Shelby County Schools Superintendent Dorsey Hopson visits in the halls of Legislation Plaza Tuesday after speaking before a legislative committee at the State Capitol.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson came to Nashville on Tuesday seeking to break the stigma and stereotypes of Memphis schools, as well as to build better relationships with state lawmakers.

He left calling his time in the State Capitol “a good first step.”

“Oftentimes, the discussion around Shelby County is somewhat negative. And we certainly have a long way to go,” Hopson told legislators on two House education committees. “I’m not going to sit here and say we’re doing everything right, but there are some things to be proud of.”

His presentation came as lawmakers begin to review legislation that could have a major impact on Memphis schools. Lawmakers are considering two private tuition voucher bills, one of which would target Memphis as a pilot. Leaders of Shelby County Schools vehemently oppose both proposals.

Lawmakers also will consider several bills that would change how Tennessee addresses its lowest performing schools, most of which are in Memphis. The State Department of Education backs those bills, which are part of Tennessee’s proposed education plan under the new federal education law.

Hopson joined school board members and other district officials in Nashville as part of the Tennessee School Boards Association Day on the Hill.

He began his presentation promising to do a better job of telling the story of Memphis schools and working with legislators to improve education in Tennessee.

Hopson then cited the district’s growth in math and literacy in 2015, the latest available testing data for all schools, as well as highlighting a number of high-performing schools and the district’s turnaround work through its Innovation Zone.

Hopson noted the poverty rate in Memphis — 40,000 students live in households where the income is less than $10,000 a year — and its affect on education of students. He also appealed to the Christian faith professed by many state lawmakers.

“When you think about faith, the word compassion comes to mind,” Hopson said. “In my mind, compassion is: You see a need, you’re moved by that need, and then you act on that need.”

He went on.

“Our district is so unique because we have suffocating poverty that many of our kids live in. And if you just think about that for a minute — what that would be like to live in a house with five, six, seven people on 200 bucks a week — … I mean, it just creates really significant challenges because kids are not always prepared to show up to school ready to learn.”

Poverty is “not an excuse” for poor performance in schools, he continued. “But I think it is important when you think about our school district and some of the challenges we have to just take a moment and think about the population that we serve,” Hopson said.

Unfortunately, the superintendent’s presentation was cut short after just 10 minutes, following Education Commissioner Candice McQueen’s remarks on school turnaround work that went long. He said later that he wanted to talk more about the challenges faced by Memphis schools, many of which are priority schools that are academically in the state’s bottom 5 percent.

“We’ve got kids with severe, severe social-emotional needs,” he said of the state’s largest school system. “And absent a strategic attempt to address those needs, we’re not going to ever see the progress in accelerated fashion we want to see. It is what it is. I hope they heard that.”


McQueen rips Tennessee’s school turnaround work as ineffectual, overdue

PHOTO: Kayleigh Skinner
Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen speaks at an event in Memphis in 2015.

In a fiery speech to state lawmakers on Tuesday, Education Commissioner Candice McQueen gave a stinging assessment of Tennessee’s school turnaround work, even calling the outcomes “a little embarrassing.”

McQueen noted that the state has moved only 10 schools off its “priority” list since compiling its first list in 2012, beginning with 83 low performing schools.

“We can’t keep throwing $10 million, $11 million, $12 million, $15 million at solutions that are not solutions,” she told legislators on House education committees.

The remarks were a departure from McQueen’s usual placating tone — and her most direct condemnation of school turnaround work to date in Tennessee. That work includes programs spearheaded both by local districts and the state’s Achievement School District, which has authority to take over schools in the state’s bottom 5 percent, generally assigning them to charter operators.

But her indictment stretched far beyond the state’s role in those programs, which serve mostly poor communities. She took aim at efforts that began with the 2002 federal education law known as No Child Left Behind, which prescribed how states must deal with struggling schools.

“This is probably going to come across as a little preachy, but it is preachy,” said McQueen, who became commissioner in 2014. “We’ve got kids who were sitting in schools that we knew — we knew — and I want you to listen to the years, back in 2002, 2003, 2004, that they were in a low performing school that needed to turn around fast. (Those students have) now graduated, and we did not have the increases we needed at those schools to set them up for success.”

While McQueen didn’t single out specific turnaround initiatives, she stressed that Tennessee needs to focus on what has worked — specifically, at the 10 schools that have been moved off the state’s priority list so far. McQueen named common themes: strong school leaders, quality instruction, and community and wraparound supports, such as mental health care services.

Those successes helped to inform the school improvement component of Tennessee’s proposed new education plan under the federal Every Student Succeeds Act, or ESSA. Under that plan, the state would work with local districts to improve their lowest-performing schools through academic and wraparound services. The ASD, which McQueen refers to as the state’s “most rigorous intervention,” would be reined in, making it a last-resort when other efforts have failed. Lawmakers will vote on components of the plan in the coming months.

Under ESSA, states have more flexibility on how to spend money for school improvement. In the past, the federal government gave states school improvement grants with explicit instructions on how to spend them. But those grants ultimately didn’t work, according to a recent study by the U.S. Department of Education.

McQueen told lawmakers that, under the plan, the state would give low-performing schools more resources than ever, but also would expect a quicker pace of change.

“This work is about shorter time frames with more support and expectation of outcomes that ultimately will make or break the future of Tennessee,” she said.