First Person

I navigate high school admissions for my job, and it’s still confusing

Nearly 75 percent of our city’s eighth graders were placed in one of their top three choices for high school this year, which seems like something to celebrate. But when we cite this as a positive figure, we’re forgetting that many families in underserved communities are selecting schools without adequate guidance from dedicated professionals.

Some students apply to schools they’ve never visited, or make decisions about a high school based on the preferences of friends. When I look at the city’s results through this lens, they no longer seem so positive.

We need to look at how students are deciding which high schools to apply to, not just how many of them get one of the schools they write down. While the high school application process has the potential to break the relationship between where a student lives and the quality of education they receive, all too often the system reinforces these ties.

As the high school placement coordinator at Explore Charter School, my primary responsibility is to help the 54 eighth graders I work with find placements at schools that are good fits for them.

I can’t imagine the difficulties other guidance counselors face, with cohorts of hundreds of students and conflicting priorities. And in under-resourced schools, many families are left to navigate this unique, yet confusing placement process entirely alone.

In August, I met with every eighth-grade family to discuss their options and share my recommendations. Starting early ensures that families truly understand the process and the varying, intricate admission requirements for high schools.

Still, I can’t help but feel we are playing a game in which the odds are stacked against us. While the directory available to every family is helpful in providing an overview of schools and programs, it rarely provides information on how to register for a school’s required interview, for example, or guidance on how to create the portfolio you will need to mail to the school in advance of your scheduled interview.

To prepare students for the schools that require interviews, we provide interview workshops and a mock interview day to students at Explore. But learning how to develop such skills and “sell yourself” as an eighth grader can be challenging without proper resources and support.

For some schools, students can’t even control those factors. One of my first school visits was to Stuyvesant High School for an open house sponsored by the school’s Black Alumni Diversity Initiative. I was blown away by the breadth of courses at Stuyvesant and the panoramic views of the Hudson from the cafeteria. Yet I left utterly confused. Stuyvesant had organized a special open house for African-American applicants, yet its efforts to recruit a diverse student body seemed contradictory in light of the school’s admissions method, which hinges on a single exam score.

Unlike many other school districts, New York City offers family the opportunity to choose. We know that the benefits to “winning” at the game of high school choice are immense. With 10 percent of the city’s high schools producing more than half of the city’s college-ready students, the high school placement process, along with the caliber of one’s elementary school, holds incredible weight.

But many families don’t have the tools they need to navigate this process effectively or truly understand the breadth of options available to them. Those gaps in understanding and resources diminish the power behind the process.

The city contains a plethora of academic opportunity, but it’s still the case that only those with the social capital and resources to navigate such a complex system can truly reap the benefits.

First Person

Two fewer testing days in New York? Thank goodness. Here’s what else our students need

PHOTO: Christina Veiga

Every April, I feel the tension in my fifth-grade classroom rise. Students are concerned that all of their hard work throughout the year will boil down to six intense days of testing — three for math and three for English language arts.

Students know they need to be prepared to sit in a room for anywhere from 90 minutes to three hours with no opportunity to leave, barring an emergency. Many of them are sick to their stomachs, feeling more stress than a 10-year-old ever should, and yet they are expected to perform their best.

Meanwhile, teachers are frustrated that so many hours of valuable instruction have been replaced by testing, and that the results won’t be available until students are moving on to other classrooms.

This is what testing looks like in New York state. Or, at least it did. Last month, state officials voted to reduce testing from three days for each subject to two, to the elation of students, parents, and teachers across New York. It’s an example of our voices being heard — but there is still more to be done to make the testing process truly useful, and less stressful, for all of us.

As a fifth-grade teacher in the Bronx, I was thrilled by the news that testing time would be reduced. Though it doesn’t seem like much on paper, having two fewer days of gut-wrenching stress for students as young as eight means so much for their well-being and education. It gives students two more days of classroom instruction, interactive lessons, and engagement in thought-provoking discussions. Any reduction in testing also means more time with my students, since administrators can pull teachers out of their classrooms for up to a week to score each test.

Still, I know these tests provide us with critical data about how students are doing across our state and where we need to concentrate our resources. The changes address my worries about over-testing, while still ensuring that we have an objective measure of what students have learned across the state.

For those who fear that cutting one-third of the required state testing hours will not provide teachers with enough data to help our students, understand that we assess them before, during, and after each unit of study, along with mid-year tests and quizzes. It is unlikely that one extra day of testing will offer any significant additional insights into our students’ skills.

Also, the fact that we receive students’ state test results months later, at the end of June, means that we are more likely to have a snapshot of where are students were, rather than where they currently are — when it’s too late for us to use the information to help them.

That’s where New York can still do better. Teachers need timely data to tailor their teaching to meet student needs. As New York develops its next generation of tests and academic standards, we must ensure that they are developmentally appropriate. And officials need to continue to emphasize that state tests alone cannot fully assess a student’s knowledge and skills.

For this, parents and teachers must continue to demand that their voices are heard. Until then, thank you, New York Regents, for hearing us and reducing the number of testing days.

In my classroom, I’ll have two extra days to help my special needs students work towards the goals laid out in their individualized education plans. I’ll take it.

Rich Johnson teaches fifth grade at P.S. 105 in the Bronx.

First Person

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

PHOTO: Stephanie Snyder

High schools have become obsessed with “million-dollar scholars,” and it’s hurting students.

Across Memphis, students often are pushed by counselors to apply to as many colleges as possible — as many as 100 — all to push students to reach that million-dollar scholarship mark. The more dollars and college acceptance, the better!

I graduated in 2016, and my experience offers a case study.

I’m a pretty well-rounded individual: In high school, I was a finalist in the Let’s Innovate Through Education program and was able to launch SousChef-Memphis, a culinary nonprofit organization. I was a dual-enrollment student and took honors courses. I was committed to community service. I was vice president of my high school organization, Modern Distinctive Ladies. I was on the bowling team, managed the basketball team, and participated in debate forensics and drama.

I was also told by counselors to apply to 100 colleges. I was never told why that number was chosen, but my peers were told the same. We were often pulled out of class to complete these applications, which took away from instructional time — about an hour per day. My high school also ran on an infraction system, and not turning in college applications and other documents led to disciplinary actions.

The quality of those applications only shed a dim light on the student and person that I am. A hundred applications was never my goal. A hundred applications doesn’t measure the capability, intelligence or worth of me as a student. A hundred applications is just ridiculous!

Schools with similar approaches, though, get glowing media coverage. Meanwhile, a lot of that scholarship money is irrelevant, since a single student obviously can only attend one school.

I think that if I had been counseled properly, I would have had a better grasp on my high school-to-college transition. I ultimately chose to leave Memphis to attend another state university on a full scholarship. Looking back, that school was not the best fit for me. I returned to Memphis to attend our local public university.

A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.

I was more than capable of getting back on track, and I did. But not every student can afford to go through what I went through.

High schools need to realize that, while students amassing millions of dollars in scholarships and hundreds of college acceptance letters seems like an accomplishment, the outcome for many students is the total opposite.

Too many students end up not going to a school that is the best fit for them, taking on piles of debt, and dropping out with no workforce experience.

The goal should be that each high school student will graduate having a grasp on their career path (and experience in that field), scholarships to the school of their choice (full rides or little to no debt), and be confident in where they will be spending the next four to six years of their life. Being thorough in the college search and submitting quality applications is what leads to a college that is the best fit for the student, obtaining scholarships, and ultimately graduating.

Here’s what I wish a counselor had told me:

"It is time to start thinking about quality over quantity. Quality counseling. Quality applications. And quality choices about what to do next."Anisah Karim

Try things you like, but don’t overload yourself. Look for summer internships that pay, rather than minimum-wage jobs. Build a network of people who can help you make good decisions about college and work. Research schools with a major you’re interested in, and find out what scholarships they offer. Keep an eye on your GPA and make sure you’re taking the classes you need to graduate. Apply for colleges when applications open and submit the FAFSA form in October.

And most importantly, through all four years of high school, don’t be afraid to ask for help.

It is time to start thinking about quality over quantity. Quality counseling. Quality applications. And quality choices about what to do next.

Anisah Karim is a psychology student at the University of Memphis. She plans to continue her education in speech pathology and otology and eventually start her own private practice. She also plans to launch two new business ventures in the fall and relaunch SousChef in the fall of 2018.