talking testing

Opt-out movement unlikely to provoke sanctions from state, this time around

PHOTO: Geoff Decker
A protest in 2014 at P.S. 321 in Park Slope against the state English exams.

In less than two months, students across New York state will pick up their pencils and sit for math and English state assessments.

But what will the state do if, like last year, thousands of families decide that their kids will refuse to take the tests?

This year, it appears the answer is nothing. Though a federal mandate that 95 percent of students take state assessments still applies to New York, members of the Board of Regents indicated this week they are not inclined to impose sanctions on schools or districts with a low participation rates. They are, however, looking to craft a long-term plan.

“We made a statement that we would not withhold funds from districts,” Chancellor Merryl Tisch said Monday about the board’s position last year. “I don’t see this language as being any different than what our response was originally.”

The discussion comes after 20 percent of students statewide opted out of taking the assessments last year in an unprecedented rejection of state policy. Since then, the state education department has been under pressure from federal officials, and New York’s new education commissioner has embarked on a mission to convince more families to take the tests.

Instead of threatening sanctions, Commissioner MaryEllen Elia has preferred to address concerns about the tests themselves. She announced that the exams would be shorter, and that students would have unlimited time to complete them to help alleviate pressure. She has also toured the state to spread her message to parents.

“Much of what I heard as I went across the state was that, in fact, parents didn’t know some of the information that might influence them,” Elia said.

Whether that will make a difference remains to be seen. But the state has more time to create a system that enforces the 95 percent participation rule under the new federal education law. The law allows states to decide the consequences when enough students don’t participate, but it doesn’t take effect until the 2016-17 school year. In the meantime, state officials say they want to think carefully about a long-term plan.

Developing that plan is “very challenging,” said Ira Schwartz, New York’s assistant state education commissioner. On the one hand, the state wants to avoid allowing schools and districts to manipulate data by helping low-performing students avoid the test under the guise of opting out. On the other hand, he said, the state does not want to penalize schools that are doing well because a cohort of families chooses not to take the test.

Though Regents are wary of cracking down on their own this year, New York still faces the threat of federal sanctions. The state education department received a letter from the U.S. Department of Education in December warning that it could be in for a reduction in funding for failure to comply with the law.

It is unclear how serious these threats are. Elia said that the letter shouldn’t be taken lightly, but said that she hopes her efforts to tweak the tests and communicate with parents will be enough to secure funding.

“We’re talking about considerable lack of funds if in fact they chose to do that,” Elia said about the threats of federal sanctions. “I don’t think they will.”

Opt-out leaders have said they are not satisfied with the changes that Elia has made. They have promised to continue boycotting state tests, and expect the movement to grow this year.

If the opt-out movement does remain a force, and the federal government decides to pull funding it controls, it could affect the state’s neediest schools, Regent Beverly Ouderkirk noted Monday, since schools with a large share of low-income students rely on federal Title I funding.

For now, schools will be receiving mixed messages, Regent Betty Rosa acknowledged.

“They’re caught between a law and mandate, and parents who say they have this choice,” she said.

Not Ready

Memphis students won’t see TNReady scores reflected in their final report cards

PHOTO: Creative Commons / timlewisnm

Shelby County Schools has joined the growing list of Tennessee districts that won’t factor preliminary state test scores into students’ final grades this year.

The state’s largest school district didn’t receive raw score data in time, a district spokeswoman said Tuesday.

The State Department of Education began sharing the preliminary scores this week, too late in the school year for many districts letting out in the same week. That includes Shelby County Schools, which dismisses students on Friday.

While a state spokeswoman said the timelines are “on track,” Superintendent Dorsey Hopson said the timing was unfortunate.

“There’s a lot of discussion about too many tests, and I think anytime you have a situation where you advertise the tests are going to be used for one thing and then we don’t get the data back, it becomes frustrating for students and families. But that’s not in our control,” he said Tuesday night.

Hopson added that the preliminary scores will still get used eventually, but just not in students’ final grades. “As we get the data and as we think about our strategy, we’ll just make adjustments and try to use them appropriately,” he said.

The decision means that all four of Tennessee’s urban districts in Memphis, Nashville, Knoxville and Chattanooga won’t include TNReady in all of their students’ final grades. Other school systems, such as in Williamson and Wilson counties, plan to make allowances by issuing report cards late, and Knox County will do the same for its high school students.

Under a 2015 state law, districts can leave out standardized test scores if the information doesn’t arrive five instructional days before the end of the school year. This year, TNReady is supposed to count for 10 percent of final grades.

Also known as “quick scores,” the data is different from the final test scores that will be part of teachers’ evaluation scores. The state expects to release final scores for high schoolers in July and for grades 3-8 in the fall.

The Department of Education has been working with testing company Questar to gather and score TNReady since the state’s testing window ended on May 5. About 600,000 students took the assessment statewide in grades 3-11.

State officials could not provide a district-by-district listing of when districts will receive their scores.

“Scores will continue to come out on a rolling basis, with new data released every day, and districts will receive scores based on their timely return of testing materials and their completion of the data entry process,” spokeswoman Sara Gast told Chalkbeat on Monday. “Based on district feedback, we have prioritized returning end-of-course data to districts first.”

Caroline Bauman and Laura Faith Kebede contributed to this report.

Making the grade

TNReady scores are about to go out to Tennessee districts, but not all will make student report cards

PHOTO: Chalkbeat Photo Illustration

The State Department of Education will start Monday to distribute the test score data that goes into students’ final report cards, but it won’t arrive in time for every district across the state.

That’s because some districts already have ended their school years, some won’t have time to incorporate TNReady grades before dismissing their students, and some missed the state’s first deadline for turning in testing materials.

“Our timelines for sharing TNReady scores are on track,” spokeswoman Sara Gast said Friday, noting that the schedule was announced last fall. “We have said publicly that districts will receive raw score data back in late May.”

Shelby County Schools is waiting to see when their scores arrive before making a decision. A spokeswoman said Tennessee’s largest district met all testing deadlines, and needs the scores by Monday to tabulate them into final grades. The district’s last day of school is next Friday.

School leaders in Nashville and Kingsport already have chosen to exclude the data from final grades, while Williamson County Schools is delaying their report cards.

A 2015 state law lets districts opt to exclude the data if scores aren’t received at least five instructional days before the end of the school year.

TNReady scores are supposed to count for 10 percent of this year’s final grades. As part of the transition to TNReady, the weight gradually will rise to between 15 and 25 percent (districts have flexibility) as students and teachers become more familiar with the new test.

The first wave of scores are being sent just weeks after Education Commissioner Candice McQueen declared this year’s testing a “success,” both on paper and online for the 24 districts that opted to test high school students online this year. Last year, Tennessee had a string of TNReady challenges in the test’s inaugural year. After the online platform failed and numerous delivery delays of printed testing materials, McQueen canceled testing in grades 3-8 and fired its previous test maker, Measurement Inc.

Tennessee test scores have been tied to student grades since 2011, but this is the first year that the state used a three-week testing window instead of two. Gast said the added time was to give districts more flexibility to administer their tests. But even with the added week, this year’s timeline was consistent with past years, she said.

Once testing ended on May 5, school districts had five days to meet the first deadline, which was on May 10, to return those materials over to Questar, the state’s new Minneapolis-based testing company.

School officials in Nashville said that wasn’t enough time.

“Due to the volume of test documents and test booklets that we have to account for and process before return for scoring, our materials could not be picked up before May 12,” the district said in a statement on Thursday.

Because districts turned in their testing materials at different times, the release of raw scores, will also be staggered across the next three weeks, Gast said.