path to college

Cuomo proposes free college tuition at state schools for families making less than $125,000

PHOTO: Kevin P. Coughlin/Office of Governor Andrew M. Cuomo
Governor Cuomo proposes making college tuition-free for New York’s middle-class families.

Governor Andrew Cuomo unveiled a bold plan Tuesday to offer free college tuition at two- and four-year state schools for families making less than $125,000 per year.

The governor said his proposed “Excelsior Scholarship” would ease the financial burden on students attending SUNY and CUNY schools, mirroring a national push for debt-free college. Senator Bernie Sanders, who championed free public college during his presidential run, attended Cuomo’s announcement at LaGuardia Community College in Queens.

“College is a mandatory step if you really want to be a success,” Cuomo said. “This society should say, ‘We’re going to pay for college because you need college to be successful.’”

The plan, which must be approved by the state legislature, received a warm reception from many advocates, including the city’s teachers union president, Michael Mulgrew, who called the plan “visionary.” Even Senate Republicans, who could challenge the plan, did not dismiss the idea.

“While we will have to review the specifics when the governor releases his executive budget, this proposal appears to move us in a positive direction,” said Senate GOP spokesman Scott Reif.

Still, cost could become a hurdle. Cuomo estimates the final price tag for the program will be about $163 million per year when it is fully phased in, which could be a hard sell. The state estimates almost a million families statewide would qualify for the program, some of whom are also eligible for state and federal aid.

The program will also have to contend with another tough reality: Many students start college but never finish. Less than 40 percent of students who attended four-year public universities and roughly 8.5 percent of those attending two-year colleges in New York graduated on time in 2013, according to the state’s press release. Students who receive Cuomo’s proposed Excelsior Scholarship would have to enroll in college full-time, a feature designed to keep students on track to graduate.

That could be a “double-edged sword” for low-income students in New York City, said Nikki Thompson, executive director of OneGoal in New York City, a program that helps prepare students for college. While some students may benefit from more time spent on campus, she said, others could struggle to balance their jobs and family responsibilities with a full-time college commitment.

Thompson said the scholarship could make a big difference to many students, but was mindful that cost is not the whole battle for many students. A host of obstacles beyond tuition contribute to low graduation rates among low-income students, she said. Often students struggle to fit in on campus or to pay for books and trips home, she said.

“It’s almost as though the cost issue is the entrance exam,” Thompson said. “There’s a whole set of work that needs to be done around retaining [students].”

Large-scale college scholarship programs are sometimes accompanied by other college-focused support for students. For instance, the scholarship program “Say Yes to Education,” which offers tuition assistance to students in cities including Buffalo and Syracuse, provides additional support, such as mentoring and after-school services.

The goal of providing free college tuition is catching on around the country. It became a key issue in the 2016 presidential election, and in September 2015 President Obama announced “College Promise,” a program that helps students get free community college education. Several states, including Tennessee, now offer funding for students attending two-year colleges and a growing number of cities offer scholarship programs.

While providing tuition might not solve every obstacle that low-income college students face, any assistance will help, said Thompson.

“It removes the single greatest barrier for our students when it comes to making their college dreams a reality,” Thompson said.

Detroit

Week in review: A raise for some Detroit teachers — no pay for others

PHOTO: John/Creative Commons

The situation at the Detroit charter school where teachers won’t get their summer paychecks is a reminder about the precarious finances that can affect both district and charter schools.

Charters don’t typically have historic debts like those that nearly drove the Detroit Public Schools into bankruptcy last year, but Michigan does not provide charter schools with money to buy or renovate their buildings. Unlike districts, charter schools can’t ask voters to approve tax hikes to pay for improvements. And when charter schools borrow money, that debt isn’t supported by the state or backed up by district taxpayers the way some school district debt is. So when a charter school shuts down and money stops coming from the state, there could be many people — that includes teachers — who simply won’t get paid.

Scroll down for more on that story as well as updates on the just-ratified teachers contract and the rest of the week’s Detroit schools news.

— Erin Einhorn, Chalkbeat Senior Detroit Correspondent

 

Paying teachers — or not

  • Detroit teachers who mailed in ballots this month have narrowly approved a new three-year contract in a vote of 515 to 474. “We certainly deserve more,” the union’s president said in a statement “but the package offers us the opportunity to build our local, move our school district forward and place students first.”
  • The new contract, which will now go to a state financial oversight board for approval, would raise teacher salaries by more than 7 percent over the next two years but would not increase wages enough to bring them back to where they were before pay cuts a few years ago.
  • Meanwhile, teachers at the shuttered Michigan Technical Academy charter school — which had a lower school in northwest Detroit and a middle school in Redford — were furious to learn that they won’t get money they’re owed for work they did during the school year. The money will instead go to pay off debts. More than 30 teachers are collectively owed more than $150,000.
  • The school is the second Detroit-area charter school to run into financial problems affecting teacher pay. Educators at the Taylor International Academy in Southfield say they haven’t been paid since their school shut down abruptly in early June. Taylor and MTA also have this in common: Both schools had their charter authorized by Central Michigan University.
  • Meanwhile, across the state, Michigan’s average teacher salary has dropped for the fifth year in a row, and many districts say they have trouble retaining high quality teachers because of low pay. The finding is included in a six-story series on state teacher pay from Michigan Radio that already has detractors.
  • An investor service says the controversial changes Michigan made to its pension system are a “positive” for the state.
  • A University of Michigan economist says substitute teachers are paid less in Michigan than other states — part of why the state has a sub shortage.
  • A suburban district got 952 applicants for a single teaching job but the district’s superintendent says that doesn’t mean there’s not a teacher shortage.

On the home front

In Detroit

Across the state

  • A judge has blocked the state from spending public money on private schools. A Catholic leader explains why he thinks private schools should be entitled to the money.
  • MIchigan has dumped its school ranking system in favor of a dashboard.
  • An advocate who wants schools to face tougher consequences for poor performance slammed Gov. Rick Snyder’s recent school reform efforts. “Parents are tougher on their kids when they don’t eat their vegetables than Detroit’s turnaround plan is with its hometown failure factories,” he wrote.
  • Many of the hurdles that make it difficult to provide enough early education in Detroit also exist in rural Michigan communities.
  • A New York writer says Betsy DeVos might be powerful and influential in Michigan but in Washington without her checkbook, she’s “like a mermaid with legs: clumsy, conspicuous, and unable to move forward.”

In other news

money money money

New York City teachers get news they’ve been waiting for: how much money they’ll receive for classroom supplies

New York City teachers will each get $250 this year to spend on classroom supplies — more than they’ve ever gotten through the city’s reimbursement program before.

The city’s 2017-18 budget dramatically ramped up spending for the Teacher’s Choice program, a 30-year-old collaboration between the City Council and the United Federation of Teachers. More than $20 million will go the program this year.

On Thursday, the union texted its members with details about how the city’s budget will translate to their wallets. General education teachers will each get $250, reimbursable against expenses. (Educators who work in other areas get slightly less; teachers tell the union they spend far more.)

Money given to New York City teachers for classroom supplies, measured in dozens of tissue boxes.

The increase means that Teacher’s Choice has more than recovered from the recent recession. In 2007, teachers were getting $220 a year, but that number fell until the union and Council zeroed out the program in 2011 as part of a budget deal aimed at avoiding teacher layoffs. (Some teachers turned to crowdsourcing to buy classroom supplies.) As the city’s financial picture has improved, and as the union lobbied heavily for the program, the amount inched upwards annually.

“With this increase in funding for Teacher’s Choice, the City Council has sent us a clear message that they believe in our educators and support the work they are doing,” UFT President Michael Mulgrew said in a statement. “At a time where we see public education under attack on a national level, Council members came through for our teachers and our students.”