When Governor Andrew Cuomo wrapped up his series of State of the State speeches on Wednesday, he had announced one major higher education proposal — free college tuition — and a smattering of K-12 programs designed to help needy students. (You can read his full State of the State booklet here.)
Some of the proposals, which must be approved by the legislature, were announced over the course of multiple speeches, including a plan to boost after-school offerings in some high-needs cities and expand Excellence in Teaching awards. On Wednesday, the governor also threw his support behind several initiatives that echo ones Mayor Bill de Blasio has launched in New York City, including a plan to help low-income students access Advanced Placement exams and a public-private partnership to train more computer science teachers.
Here is a roundup of some of his K-12 proposals:
After-school programs: The governor proposed $35 million to add 22,000 after-school spots in certain cities, including the Bronx. (Read more here.)
Fund AP exams: Cuomo proposed allocating $2 million to cover the Advanced Placement exam fee for 68,000 low-income students.
More Early College High Schools: The governor’s proposal includes an additional $5.3 million to expand Early College High Schools, which allow students to earn an associate’s degree along with a high school diploma. The funds, if approved, are expected to finance at least 10 new Early College High Schools, and under Cuomo’s plan the state’s “failing” or “persistently failing” schools would receive preference.
Support computer science teachers: Cuomo proposes expanding the state’s Master Teacher Program, which provides teachers a stipend and requires them to mentor peers, to include about 115 computer science teachers. He also wants to create a partnership with the tech sector to “help train educators across the state to teach computer science.”
Expand teaching awards: The governor wants to invest $400,000 to recognize at least 60 additional excellent teachers.
New York is offering more wiggle room in a controversial “Excelsior” scholarship requirement that students stay in-state after graduating, according to new regulations released Thursday afternoon.
Members of the military, for example, will be excused from the rule, as will those who can prove an “extreme hardship.”
Overall, however, the plan’s rules remain strict. Students are required to enroll full-time and to finish their degrees on time to be eligible for the scholarship — significantly limiting the number who will ultimately qualify.
“It’s a high bar for a low-income student,” said Sara Goldrick-Rab, a leading expert on college affordability and a professor at Temple University. “It’s going to be the main reason why students lose the scholarship.”
The scholarship covers free college tuition at any state college or university for students whose families earn less than $125,000 per year. But it comes with a major catch: Students who receive Excelsior funding must live and work in New York state for the same number of years after graduation as they receive the scholarship. If they fail to do so, their scholarships will be converted to loans, which the new regulations specify have 10-year terms and are interest-free.
The new regulations allow for some flexibility:
- The loan can now be prorated. So if a student benefits from Excelsior for four years but moves out of state two years after graduation, the student would only owe two years of payments.
- Those who lose the scholarship but remain in a state school, or complete a residency in-state, will have that time count toward paying off their award.
- Members of the military get a reprieve: They will be counted as living and working in-state, regardless of where the person is stationed or deployed.
- In cases of “extreme hardship,” students can apply for a waiver of the residency and work requirements. The regulations cite “disability” and “labor market conditions” as some examples of a hardship. A state spokeswoman said other situations that “may require that a student work to help meet the financial needs of their family” would qualify as a hardship, such as a death or the loss of a job by a parent.
- Students who leave the state for graduate school or a residency can defer repaying their award. They would have to return to New York afterwards to avoid having the scholarship convert to a loan.
Some of law’s other requirements were also softened. The law requires students to enroll full-time and take average of 30 credits a year — even though many SUNY and CUNY students do not graduate on time. The new regulations would allow students to apply credits earned in high school toward the 30-credit completion requirement, and stipulates that students who are disabled do not have to enroll full-time to qualify.
A Harlem charter school will be allowed to keep its middle school next school year, despite the fact that top city education officials have repeatedly ruled that it is too low performing to stay open.
That decision offers at least temporary relief for Opportunity Charter School, which has been embroiled in a dispute with the education department since March. The disagreement centers on whether city officials properly took into account the school’s students — over half of whom have a disability — when it judged the school’s performance.
The city’s education department, which oversees the school as its charter authorizer, tried to close the middle school and offered only a short-term renewal for the high school when the school’s charter came up for review earlier this year. The school appealed that decision, and was denied late last month.
But the education department is backing down from its position — at least for now. That reversal appears to be based mostly on logistics: A Manhattan Supreme Court judge has temporarily blocked the closure through at least mid-July in response to a lawsuit filed by the school and some of its parents last month, complicating the process of finding students new schools outside the normal admissions cycle.
“Students always come first, and given where we are in the school year, we will allow the middle school grades to remain open in 2017-18,” education department spokesman Michael Aciman wrote in an email on Thursday. Still, he noted, the department will continue to push to close the middle school in the future.
Kevin Quinn, a lawyer representing Opportunity Charter, said the city’s decision was the only responsible one, given that the school has already held its admissions lottery and made offers to parents.
“This is a wise decision by the [education department],” Quinn wrote in an email, “and [we] appreciate their acknowledgment that placement of this population at this time would be significantly disruptive.”