Here we go again

Now is the time to discuss scrapping Colorado’s two-year old testing system, state board says

PHOTO: Helen H. Richardson/The Denver Post
State Board of Education vice chairman Angelika Schroeder, left, and chairman Steve Durham, listen to public comment at the State Board of Education's September meeting.

Less than two weeks after Colorado learned how districts and schools fared in year two of new standardized tests, a majority of State Board of Education members signaled Wednesday that they want to explore junking the system and starting all over again.

Board chairman Steve Durham, a Colorado Springs Republican, was the most vocal proponent of launching serious discussions of pulling the state out of PARCC, a multistate testing consortium that continues to bleed members amid public backlash.

Durham told his colleagues that he believes this fall will be the last chance to make changes to the state’s testing system “before inertia sets in” and the board is consumed with other priorities. By a straw poll of 5-2, the board agreed to take up the issue formally later this fall, setting the stage for another battle in Colorado’s long-running testing wars.

“If we don’t do anything now,” Durham said, “we won’t do anything.”

The state’s testing system was established through a series of state and federal laws designed to measure how well students are meeting new, more demanding state academic standards. Both the standards and the tests have come under attack from a vocal group of students, parents and others, especially in Colorado’s wealthy suburbs and rural communities.

In an effort to temper concerns, lawmakers in 2015 trimmed the number of tests students take. But the legislature stopped short of ending the state’s run with PARCC.

Durham and a bipartisan majority on the board have long criticized both Colorado’s adoption of the Common Core State Standards in math and English, and the PARCC tests, which are aligned with the standards. Earlier this year, Durham in a private letter directed then-Education Commissioner Rich Crandall to end the state’s relationship with PARCC.

Until now, the board has had little authority to change the system.

But as of 2014, Colorado is no longer required to be a governing member of a multi-state testing group. A Department of Education spokeswoman said the department has asked the state Attorney General’s office for guidance on whether additional legislation is needed to use a different set of assessments. The state’s agreement with PARCC ends June 30, 2017.

One of two national testing cooperatives, PARCC began with more than 20 members and is now down to six.

For the state board to make any changes to the testing system for the 2017-18 school year, the state education department would need to start lining up possible alternatives to PARCC exams by this spring, said Joyce Zurkowski, the state’s assessment officer.

Board members Angelika Schroeder and Jane Goff, both Democrats, suggested the board could cause more harm than good by switching tests now.

The state is due for a mandatory review of its academic standards, which must conclude by 2018. If the standards change, the tests will need to change, too. Both Schroeder and Goff said that considering the circumstances, exploring a change to assessments now is premature.

“I don’t know how we can align a system of tests without knowing what standards we’re asking to be measured,” Goff said.

A handful of teachers during public comment urged the state board to leave the state’s current system alone, fearing another abrupt change would destroy any trust left in the system.

“The chaos we experienced last year with the brand new test will be repeated once again,” said Cheryl Mosier, a science teacher from Columbine High School in Littleton. “And students, teachers and parents will be left to wonder why testing is even happening when the data is not useable.”

rules and regs

State shortens length of ‘gag order’ on teachers discussing Regents questions online

PHOTO: G. Tatter

After pushback from teachers, the State Education Department has changed a new provision that temporarily prohibits teachers from discussing Regents exam questions online.

The original rule stated that teachers could not use email or a listserv to discuss test questions or other specific content with other teachers until a week after the exam period ended on June 23. As Chalkbeat reported Tuesday, teachers objected, arguing that they sometimes needed to discuss questions in order to properly grade the tests or to challenge questions that seems unfair.

Under the change, tests taken between June 13 and June 16 can be discussed online beginning June 23. And for those taken between June 19 and June 22, teachers can discuss content online beginning June 27.

According to education department officials, the provision was intended to ensure that testing material did not spread online before all students had completed their exams, particularly among schools that serve students with special needs, who qualify for multiple-day testing.

“We believe that nearly all students who are testing with this accommodation will have completed their exams by these dates,” Steven Katz, director of the Office of State Assessment, wrote in a memo to school principals and leaders.

Still, longtime physics teacher Gene Gordon and former president of the Science Teachers Association of New York State noted that, to some extent, the damage was done since the amendment to the rule came out only after many teachers had already graded their exams.

“It did not have any real effect,” Gordon said.

The New York State United Teachers — which criticized the new provision on Tuesday as a “gag order” and called for its repeal — called the amendment a “clear victory” for educators. Still, NYSUT spokesman Carl Korn told Chalkbeat, “it clearly will be more helpful in the future than this year.”

Testing Testing

Calculator mix-up could force some students to retake ISTEP, and Pearson is partially to blame

PHOTO: Ann Schimke

ISTEP scores for thousands of students across the state will be thrown out this year, including at two Indianapolis private schools, according to state officials.

The mishap can be traced back to calculators. Students at 20 schools used calculators on a section of the 2017 ISTEP math test when they shouldn’t have — in at least one district because of incorrect instructions from Pearson, the company that administers the tests in Indiana.

It’s a small glitch compared to the massive testing issues Indiana experienced with its previous testing company, CTB McGraw Hill. But years of problems have put teachers, students and parents on high alert for even minor hiccups. In 2013, for example, about 78,000 students had their computers malfunction during testing. Pearson began administering ISTEP in 2016.

The calculator mix-up involving Pearson happened in Rochester Community Schools, located about two hours north of Indianapolis. About 700 students in three schools received the incorrect instructions.

Molly Deuberry, spokeswoman for the Indiana Department of Education, said that Rochester is the only district known to have received the incorrect instructions, but the state is also investigating calculator-related problems at 19 other schools.

According to federal rules, students who use calculators on non-calculator test sections must have their scores labeled as “undetermined.” Current sophomores will need to retake the test, since passing the 10th-grade exam is a graduation requirement in Indiana. Students will have multiple opportunities to do so, including during the summer, state officials said.

It’s not clear how the invalidated scores will affect those schools’ A-F letter grades. It is up to the Indiana State Board of Education to handle A-F grade appeals, which districts can request once grades are released.

“The Department and State Board will collaborate to ensure that the State Board receives sufficient detail about this incident when reviewing the appeals,” the education department said in an email.

Pearson spokesman Scott Overland said in an email that they would work with the education department to follow up on the calculator issues and correct their processes for next year.

“In some cases, Pearson inadvertently provided inaccurate or unclear guidance on the use of calculators during testing,” Overland said. “In these instances, we followed up quickly to help local school officials take corrective action.”

Here are the districts and schools the state says had students incorrectly use calculators on this year’s ISTEP:

  • Covington Christian School, Covington
  • Eastbrook South Elementary, Eastbrook Schools
  • Eastern Hancock Elementary School, Eastern Hancock County Schools
  • Emmanuel-St. Michael Lutheran School, Fort Wayne
  • Frankfort Middle School, Frankfort Community Schools
  • George M Riddle Elementary School, Rochester Community Schools
  • Lasalle Elementary School, School City of Mishawaka
  • New Haven Middle School, East Allen County Schools
  • Rochester Community Middle School, Rochester Community Schools
  • Rochester Community High School, Rochester Community Schools
  • Saint Boniface School, Lafayette
  • Saint Joseph High School, South Bend
  • Saint Roch Catholic School, Indianapolis
  • Silver Creek Middle School, West Clark Community Schools
  • St. Louis de Montfort School, Lafayette
  • Tennyson Elementary School, Warrick County Schools
  • Thomas Jefferson Elementary School, School City of Hammond
  • Trinity Christian School, Indianapolis
  • Waterloo Elementary School, DeKalb County Schools
  • Westfield Middle School, Westfield-Washington Schools

This story has been updated to include comments from Pearson.