New York

Teaching Fellows fear they will lose their jobs

Many of the United Federation of Teachers’ recent grievances against the Department of Education have centered on the way it treats senior teachers. Now, brand-new teachers are demanding the union support them, too. The main agitators come from a group of more than 150 new teachers who are slated to lose their jobs at the beginning of December if a school doesn’t hire them.

The teachers are mainly new hires for the Teaching Fellows program, an alternative certification program that is like a New York City version of Teach For America. The DOE says it’s typical for some brand-new teachers not to have placements at this point in the year. But some unplaced Fellows said they worry that this year, with budgets tight, they could be left out to dry.

Even worse, they they worry that not only will the DOE not support them, but neither will the union.

The teaching fellows are in a similar boat to the pool known as the Absent Teacher Reserve, experienced teachers whose jobs have been eliminated and who have not been hired by another school. The difference is that if the inexperienced fellows can’t find permanent positions, they will be let go completely. The reserve teachers will sit on the city payroll.

The union has been working hard to help ATR members — even filing an age discrimination lawsuit on their behalf this spring — but the teaching fellows cause has been left more untouched. So about a dozen or so of them protested Wednesday outside the UFT’s delegate assembly meeting, trying to get support. In doing so, they stood side by side with the ATR teachers.

The UFT made some gestures of support. A top union official, Michael Mendel, said the UFT is supporting the new teachers in addition to the ATR’s. “Vacancies open up every day,” Mendel said, and certified teachers, both ATRs and teachers who have never taught in the system, should get the first crack at them. (Teaching fellows are considered certified once they complete a summer training program.)

The union also included a clause about teaching fellows to a resolution vowing to support ATRs. The resolution vows that the union will “pursue all contractual and legal options to stop the DOE from laying off” new teaching fellows. New fellows signed a commitment form when they accepted their job offers agreeing to Dec. 5 as a deadline by which to land a position or be fired.

But some fellows told me they still aren’t convinced that the union will stand up for them. “We won’t believe it until we see the action,” said one fellow who asked not to be named for fear of retribution. “This could get lost in the shuffle.”

Melody Meyer, a spokeswoman for the DOE, said she doesn’t remember unplaced teachers ever taking to the streets before. But she said the number of unplaced new hires is actually fairly typical compared to the same time during previous years when “fewer than five” teachers were terminated at the deadline. “The vast, vast majority of those teachers get hired by principals,” Meyer said.

The number of newly hired teachers needing jobs has in fact been on the decline since the start of school. Four weeks ago, on Sept. 21, the DOE told the Daily News that 229 new recruits hadn’t yet been placed; at the same time during the 2007-2008 school year, 211 teachers needed jobs, according to Meyer. As of yesterday, 157 centrally hired teachers hadn’t been offered a position in a school, Meyer said; of those, 139 are Teaching Fellows, 18 are traditional recruits, and one is a Teach for America recruit.

a 'meaningful' education?

How a Colorado court case could change how public schools everywhere serve students with special needs

Dougco headquarters in Castle Rock (John Leyba/The Denver Post).

The U.S. Supreme Court on Wednesday grappled with the question of what kind of education public schools must provide students with disabilities, hearing arguments in a case that originated with a complaint against a suburban Denver school district and that could have profound implications nationwide.

The case involves a student diagnosed with autism and attention deficit/hyperactive disorder. His parents pulled him out of his Douglas County elementary school, saying he wasn’t making enough progress and the district’s response was lacking.

They enrolled the boy in a private school for children with autism and asked the district to reimburse them for the tuition, arguing their son was due a “free appropriate public education” as required by the 1975 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

The law spells out the requirements states must meet to receive federal money to educate special-needs students. The district declined, saying it had met the standard of the law.

The family eventually filed a lawsuit against the district. Lower courts all sided with the district, reasoning that it had provided the child “some” educational benefit — the standard cited in the federal statute at issue.

Lower courts across the nation have varied in their definition of the proper standard. The high court arguments Wednesday centered on whether “some” benefit was good enough, or whether special-needs students deserve a more “meaningful” benefit.

Jeffrey Fisher, an attorney for the boy’s family, told the justices that as a general rule, individualized education plans for special education students should include “a level of educational services designed to allow the child to progress from grade to grade in the general curriculum.”

Throughout the arguments, the justices expressed frustration with what Justice Samuel Alito described as “a blizzard of words” that the law and courts have used to define what’s appropriate for special needs students.

Chief Justice John Roberts said regardless of the term used, “the whole package has got to be helpful enough to allow the student to keep up with his peers.”

Neal Katyal, an attorney for the school district, argued that providing children “some benefit” is a reasonable standard.

“That’s the way court after court has interpreted it,” he said. “It’s worked well. This court shouldn’t renege on that.”

Ron Hager, senior staff attorney for special education at the National Disability Rights Network, attended the oral arguments Wednesday and said he was optimistic the lower court’s ruling would be overturned.

He said if the Supreme Court does overturn the federal Tenth Circuit Court’s ruling and requires a higher standard, it won’t necessarily come with major financial costs for school districts. Instead, he said, it will nudge them to be proactive and provide teacher training and intervention services early on instead of waiting until problems — and the expenses associated with them — snowball later.

Marijo Rymer, executive director of the Arc of Colorado, which advocates on behalf of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, said she was heartened to see the case advance to the Supreme Court. Establishing a clearer standard on what constitutes a fair and appropriate education for students with disabilities is a civil rights issue, she said.

“It’s critical that federal law, which is what this is based on, be reinforced and supported, and the court is in the position to deliver that message to the nation’s schools and the taxpayers that fund them,” Rymer said.

Both Hager and Rymer acknowledged that even if the Supreme Court establishes a new, higher standard, it could be open to interpretation. Still, they said it would send a strong message to school districts about their responsibilities to students with disabilities.

Summer remix

Ten stories you may have missed this summer (and should read now as the new school year kicks in)

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Gabrielle Colburn, 7, adds her artistic flair to a mural in downtown Memphis in conjunction with the XQ Super Schools bus tour in June.

Labor Day used to signal the end of summer break and the return to school. That’s no longer the case in Tennessee, but the long holiday is a good time to catch up on all that happened over the summer. Here are 10 stories to get you up to speed on K-12 education in Tennessee and its largest school district.

TNReady is back — with a new test maker.

Last school year ended on a cliffhanger, with the State Department of Education canceling its end-of-year tests for grades 3-8 in the spring and firing testmaker Measurement Inc. after a series of missteps. In July, Commissioner Candice McQueen announced that Minnesota-based Questar will pick up where Measurement Inc. left off. She also outlined the state’s game plan for standardized tests in the coming year.

But fallout over the state’s failed TNReady test in 2015-16 will be felt for years.

The one-year void in standardized test scores has hit Tennessee at the heart of its accountability system, leaving the state digging for other ways to assess whether all of its students are improving.

Speaking of accountability, Tennessee also is updating that plan under a new federal education law.

The state Department of Education has been working with educators, policymakers and community members on new ways to evaluate schools in answer to the federal Every Student Succeeds Act, or ESSA, which requires states to judge schools by non-academic measures as well as test scores.

Meanwhile, issues of race and policing have educators talking about how to foster conversations about social justice in school.

In the wake of police-related killings that rocked the nation, five Memphis teachers talked about how they tackle difficult conversations about race all year long.

School closures made headlines again in Memphis — with more closings likely.

Closing schools has become an annual event as Tennessee’s largest district loses students and funding, and this year was no exception. The shuttering of Carver and Northside high schools brought the total number of district-run school closures to at least 21 since 2012. And more are likely. This month, Shelby County Schools is scheduled to release a facilities analysis that should set the stage for future closures. Superintendent Dorsey Hopson has said the district needs to shed as many as two dozen schools — and 27,000 seats — over the next four years. A Chalkbeat analysis identifies 25 schools at risk.

Exacerbating the challenges of shifting enrollment, families in Foote Homes scrambled to register their children for school as Memphis’ last public housing project prepared to close this month amid a delay in delivering housing vouchers to move elsewhere.

The new school year has officially begun, with the budget approved not a moment too soon for Shelby County Schools.

District leaders that began the budget season facing an $86 million shortfall eventually convinced county commissioners to significantly increase local funding, while also pulling some money from the school system’s reserve funds. The result is a $959 million budget that gives most of the district’s teachers a 3 percent raise and restores funding for positions deemed critical for continued academic progress.

The district also unveiled its first annual report on its growing sector of charter schools.

With charter schools now firmly entrenched in Memphis’ educational landscape, a Shelby County Schools analysis shows a mixed bag of performance, while calling on traditional and charter schools to learn from each other and promising better ways to track quality.