Takeaways

Nine things you need to know about last night's PEP meeting

Nine takeaways from last night’s raucous Panel for Educational Policy meeting, for those who don’t have time for 5,000-plus words and minute-to-minute updates:

1. The city’s agenda was unsurprisingly approved. But the bloc of borough presidents’ appointees has hardened into constant opposition. Last year, some borough presidents’ appointees voted to support at least a few of the proposed phaseouts. Even Patrick Sullivan, the appointee of Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer, cast a rare “yes” vote on the city’s proposal to close the high school grades of Frederick Douglass Academy III in the South Bronx.

That didn’t happen last night. Sullivan, Gbubemi Okotieuro of Brooklyn, Wilfredo Pagan of the Bronx, and Dmytryo Fedkowskj of Queens voted against every single closure proposal before them. Sullivan and Pagan even abstained on two votes for proposals to grow schools rather than shrink them. And in a surprising move, Diane Peruggia, the appointee of Staten Island’s conservative borough president, James Molinaro, cast a “no” vote — against the first-ever closure of a Staten Island school, P.S. 14.

Only one plan won unanimous support: the plan to expand Brooklyn’s P.S. 8 to include a middle school, something parents in Brooklyn Heights had been asking for for years.

2. Protesters were divided on strategy and the teachers union’s lost out. Three different groups planned protests and two of them faced off outside and inside Brooklyn Tech. Protesters affiliated with the Occupy movement, many with no connection to the city schools, sustained a “people’s mic” for hours, shouting over official speakers and panel members.They even tried to prevent others from testifying and as their numbers dwindled, their protest devolved into an expletive-laden series of personal attacks. Their goal — ultimately unsuccessful — was to shut the meeting down.

The UFT, on the other hand, had rented space at nearby P.S. 20 to hold an alternate meeting, the “People’s PEP.” The idea was to march from Brooklyn Tech to P.S. 20 instead of heading inside for the city’s meeting — a plan that caused a teacher activist to argue strategy with a union vice president outside the meeting, which can be seen in this video.

Citing police intervention, the union aborted its march almost immediately, and instead the union members were shepherded into the nosebleed section of the auditorium where seats were remaining.

The confusion cost at least some people a chance to speak on the official record:

There’s Donna Hamlet, president of the parent association at Far Rockaway’s P.S. 215, which could close, tells Jessica that she rode a UFT-sponsored bus from Far Rockaway to Fort Greene. When she received a laminated pass to speak at the “People’s PEP,” the alternate meeting the union had planned, she thought she had signed up to speak in the regular meeting. By the time the march was cancelled, the PEP’s official sign-in list was closed.

3. The protest was largely one-sided. In the past, charter school advocates had staged their own rallies in favor of charter schools during the meetings, making for some tense confrontations and, occasionally, striking reconciliations. But last night, without charter school co-locations on the agenda and with massive protests planned, most defenders of the mayor’s agenda stayed home.

A notable exception was a group of about 30 parents, most with children in charter schools, who stood silently in the back and held up signs that said “Better Schools Now!” Many of them testified as well, defending the city’s decision to close low-performing schools while in most cases carefully avoiding “pro-charter” language. They repeatedly said that they were speaking out because they believed quality schools should be available to every student, and that closing struggling schools was the way to do it.

4. Activists aren’t the only ones with volume in their arsenal. The Department of Education piped the official proceedings through a robust amplification system that made speakers’ voices audible over the shouting. Panel members were also supplied with headphones that channeled official testimony right into their ears. Most of them wore the headphones during the peak of protest, and Deputy Chancellor Shael Polakow-Suransky barely took his off all night.

5. More resistance doesn’t mean more time debating the issues. Last night’s meeting was the shortest panel vote on closures since the state started requiring the panel to sign off on closures in 2010. That year, the vote on 22 school closures took place close to 4 a.m. In 2011, the city divided the 25 closure votes over two meetings in the same week: One lasted until nearly 3 a.m. and the other stretched past 1 a.m. By midnight last night, the votes were complete and the auditorium had been cleared. The public comment period, which in the past has made up the bulk of the meeting, attracted only 125 speaker sign-ups and lasted only until a little after 9 p.m.

One reason for the shorter public comment period is that protesters affiliated with the Occupy movement actively dissuaded people from using the city’s official speaker system. Another reason is that many people affiliated with the UFT did not get a chance to sign up. Panel member Patrick Sullivan offered a third suggestion: “I think they’ve kind of given up on public comment because they know everything is decided,” he said as the panel began its discussion.

6. Chancellor Dennis Walcott was on good behavior, but it didn’t win him any friends. Last night was Walcott’s first panel vote on closures since becoming chancellor last April. His predecessor, Cathie Black, sometimes needled parents during public hearings (though not at last year’s closure votes, where she barely opened her mouth). Her predecessor, longtime chancellor Joel Klein, spent much of panel meetings typing on his BlackBerry, to attendees’ frequent chagrin.

Walcott, who has championed civility in education debates, gazed intently at the speakers and appeared to be listening, if dispassionately.

“I understand the emotions involved,” Walcott told reporters after the meeting’s conclusion. “But sometimes we have to make tough choices that people find unpopular.’”

7. A large police presence provided a chilling effect and, at times, confusion. Half a dozen police vans were parked outside Brooklyn Tech well before any protesters arrived, and the school’s lobby was filled with officers all night. At one point, shortly after 8 p.m., a large number of protesters left the auditorium and entered the lobby — where the officers tried to bar them from reentering the meeting, in violation of city policy and the state’s open meetings law.

Jessica reported at around 8:15 p.m.:

After school safety agents try to stop the group from reentering the auditorium, the chant turns to, “Let us in!”

The protest in the lobby grows rowdier. Jessica reports that the floor is even shaking.

Afterwards, the police presence ramped up inside the auditorium, too. From 8:40 p.m.:

After leaving for about 20 minutes to occupy the lobby, protesters have returned to the auditorium with an invigorated energy. The police presence is stepping up its intervention, too: Geoff reports that about two dozen armed officers have formed a barricade between the media pit and the front-row seats, where the protesters begin.

8. For some people, the debate was anything but ideological. Much of the protest took aim at the format of the meeting and the way the Bloomberg administration formats and executes school policies. But for some attendees — families caught in the closure crosshairs — the bottom line came down to where their children would attend school in September.

Here’s just one example:

After her son was bullied at KAPPA VII last fall, Eleanor Pettway testified, the city offered him a transfer to the Academy of Business and Community Development, where he is in the sixth grade. The city removed KAPPA VII from the closure list on Wednesday (along with Wadleigh Secondary School for Performing and Visual Arts) but ABCD could be closed tonight. Unlike the other schools on the chopping block, ABCD would not phase out but instead would close at the end of the year.

“I asked the DOE to transfer my son for safety and he was transferred to ABCD. Now it’s being closed,” Pettway said. “It’s not fair. He doesn’t deserve that.”

Pettway said her son is “the happiest he’s been since he left elementary school” and hasn’t had any problems with bullying at ABCD.

9. The following phase-outs and co-locations were approved:

These schools will be phased out:
Samuel Gompers Career and Technical Education High School, Bronx
Gateway School for Environmental Research and Technology, Bronx
Jane Addams High School for Academic Careers, Bronx
Grace Dodge Career and Technical Education High School, Bronx
Aspire Preparatory Middle School, Bronx
Satellite Three Middle School, Brooklyn
P.S. 019 Roberto Clemente, Brooklyn
P.S. 022, Brooklyn
International Arts Business School, Brooklyn
Middle School for the Arts, Brooklyn
General D. Chappie James Elementary School of Science, Brooklyn
The Anna Gonzalez Community School, Brooklyn
Legacy School for International Studies, Manhattan
Washington Irving High School, Manhattan
Manhattan Theatre Lab High School, Manhattan
P.S. 215 Lucretia Mott, Queens
P.S. 14 Cornelius Vanderbilt, Staten Island

This school will close in June:
Academy of Business and Community Development, Brooklyn

These secondary schools will have their middle grades phase out:
Academy of Scholarship and Entrepreneurship, Bronx
Frederick Douglass Academy IV Secondary School, Brooklyn
P.S. 298 Dr. Betty Shabazz, Brooklyn
Brooklyn Collegiate: A College Board School, Brooklyn

These co-locations will move forward: 
New high school 08X561 on the Adlai Stevenson Campus, Bronx
New high school 10X565 at Grace Dodge High School, Bronx
New middle school 11X556 in Aspire Prep’s building, Bronx
P.S. 8’s middle school on the George Westinghouse Campus, Brooklyn
New middle school 13K351 in Satellite III’s building, Brooklyn
New school P.S. 414 in P.S. 19’s building, Brooklyn
New middle school 16K681 in Frederick Douglass Academy IV’s building, Brooklyn
New high school 17K745 on the Wingate Campus, Brooklyn
New middle school 17K722 in Middle School of the Arts’s building, Brooklyn
New middle school 23K423 in P.S. 298’s building, Brooklyn
New school P.S. 446 in the Chappie schools building, Brooklyn
New middle school 32K562 in the Anna Gonzalez Community School’s building, Brooklyn
New high school 02M534 in Legacy School for Integrated Studies’ building, Manhattan
The Academy for Software Engineering in the Washington Irving campus, Manhattan
New high school 02M533 in the Washington Irving campus, Manhattan
Special Music School’s middle school on the Martin Luther King Campus, Manhattan
New school 27Q362 in P.S. 215’s building, Queens
New school 31R078 in P.S. 14’s building, Staten Island

defensor escolar

Memphis parent advocacy group trains first Spanish-speaking cohort

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Manuela Martinez (center left) and Lidia Sauceda (center right) are among 19 parents in the first Spanish-speaking class of Memphis Lift’s Public Advocate Fellowship.

Manuela Martinez doesn’t want Spanish-speaking families to get lost in the fast-changing education landscape in Memphis as the city’s Hispanic population continues to grow.

The mother of two students is among 19 parents in the first Spanish-speaking class of Memphis Lift’s Public Advocate Fellowship, a program that trains parents on local education issues.

“We want to be more informed,” said Martinez, whose children attend Shelby County Schools. “I didn’t know I had much of voice or could change things at my child’s school. But I’m learning a lot about schools in Memphis, and how I can be a bigger part.”

More than 200 Memphians have gone through the 10-week fellowship program since the parent advocacy group launched two years ago. The vast majority have been African-Americans.

The first Spanish-speaking cohort is completing a five-week program this month and marks a concerted effort to bridge racial barriers, said Sarah Carpenter, the organization’s executive director.

“Our mission is to make the powerless parent powerful …,” she said.

The city’s mostly black public schools have experienced a steady growth in Hispanic students since 1992 when only 286 attended the former Memphis City Schools. In 2015, the consolidated Shelby County Schools had 13,816 Hispanic children and teens, or 12.3 percent of the student population.

Lidia Sauceda came to Memphis from Mexico as a child; now she has two children who attend Shelby County Schools. Through Memphis Lift, she is learning about how to navigate Tennessee’s largest district in behalf of her family.

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Hispanic parents attend a training with the Memphis Lift fellowship program.

“Latinos are afraid of talking, of standing up,” Sauceda said. “They’re so afraid they’re not going to be heard because of their legal status. But I will recommend this (fellowship) to parents. How do we want our kids to have a better education if we can’t dedicate time?”

The training includes lessons on local school options, how to speak publicly at a school board meeting, and how to advocate for your children if you believe they are being treated unfairly.

The first fellowship was led by Ian Buchanan, former director of community partnership for the state-run Achievement School District. Now the program is taught in-house, and the Spanish-speaking class is being led this month by Carmelita Hernandez, an alumna.

“No matter what language we speak, we want a high-quality education for our kids just like any other parent,” Hernandez said. “A good education leads to better opportunities.”

Stopping summer slide

On National Summer Learning Day, Memphis takes stock of programs for kids

PHOTO: Helen Carefoot
Torrence Echols, a rising first-grader in Memphis, builds a tower with giant legos at the Benjamin L. Hooks Library on National Summer Learning Day.

When it comes to summer learning, it’s been a better year for Memphis, where a range of new programs have helped to stem learning loss that hits hard in communities with a high number of low-income students.

On Thursday, Mayor Jim Strickland celebrated that work in conjunction with National Summer Learning Day and against the backdrop of the children’s reading room of the city’s main library.

He estimated that 10,000 children and teens are being reached this summer through learning programs spearheaded through Shelby County Schools, Literacy Mid-South, Memphis Public Libraries, churches and nonprofit organizations across the community.

That’s a record-breaking number, Strickland says, in a city with a lot of students struggling to meet state and local reading targets.

Summer learning loss, also known as summer slide, is the tendency for students to lose some of the knowledge and skills they gained during the school year. It’s a large contributor to the achievement gap, since children from low-income families usually don’t get the same summer enrichment opportunities as their more affluent peers. Compounded year after year, the gap widens to the point that, by fifth grade, many students can be up to three years behind in math and reading.

But this summer for the first time, Shelby County Schools offered summer learning academies across the city for students most in need of intervention. And Memphis also received a slice of an $8.5 million state grant to provide summer literacy camps at nine Memphis schools through Tennessee’s Read to be Ready initiative.

Literacy Mid-South used Thursday’s event to encourage Memphians to “drop everything and read!”

The nonprofit, which is providing resources this summer through about 15 organizations in Greater Memphis, is challenging students to log 1,400 minutes of summertime reading, an amount that research shows can mitigate learning loss and even increase test scores.

Reading is a problem for many students in Memphis and across Tennessee. Less than a third of third-graders in Shelby County Schools read on grade level, and the district is working to boost that rate to 90 percent by 2025 under its Destination 2025 plan.

The city of Memphis, which does not fund local schools, has made Memphis Public Libraries the focal point of its education work. This summer, the library is offering programs on everything from STEM and robotics to art and test prep.

Parents are a critical component, helping their kids to take advantage of books, programs and services that counter the doldrums of summer learning.

Soon after the mayor left the Benjamin L. Hooks Library on Thursday, Tammy Echols arrived with her son, Torrence, a rising first-grader at Levi Elementary School. Echols said they visit regularly to read books and do computer and math games.

“We always do a lot of reading and we’re working on learning sight words,” Echols said as she watched her son build a tower out of giant Lego blocks. “Torrence is a learning child and it’s easy to forget what you just learned if you’re not constantly reinforcing.”

You can find summer learning resources for families from the National Summer Learning Association.