Monday Churn: 4-day weeks a rural tactic

Daily Churn logoUpdated 3 p.m. –Urban readers might have raised an eyebrow about gubernatorial candidate John Hickenlooper’s recent assertion that “one-third of Colorado’s school districts have gone to four-day weeks to save money,” but rural educators certainly weren’t surprised.

According to Colorado Department of Education data, 65 of the state’s 178 districts are on four-day weeks this year. But, it’s almost entirely a tactic used by small, rural districts. Of those 65 districts, only half a dozen enroll more than a thousand students each, and most are much smaller. The two largest districts on four-day weeks are Pueblo County (about 9,000 students) and Montezuma-Cortez (about 3,000 students).

Many rural districts have lots of square miles but few kids, so four-day weeks can provide some savings on things like busing and custodial costs. The state sets a minimum number of student hours in school per year for a district to collect full per-pupil state aid, so districts watch that carefully whether they’re open four days or five.

Hickenlooper’s comment was contained in a Sunday op-ed he (or an aide) wrote for The Denver Post. Gubernatorial rivals Don Maes and Tom Tancredo also gave their views on education. The pieces are predictable and short on details, but you can read them here.

What’s churning:

A report issued last week by the Century Foundation has people buzzing in national policy circles. The report, “Housing Policy is School Policy” examines the progress made by low-income students in Montgomery County, Md.’s largely affluent public schools. The foundation, long a champion of socio-economic school integration, presents Montgomery County as a model of school reform because of its strong inclusionary zoning law. That law sets aside 12 to 15 percent of units in large developments for low-income and working-class families.

While there are no schools in Montgomery County with poverty levels approaching those in Denver, Aurora or other urban districts, there are low-income families, and, according to the study, their children performed significantly better on standardized tests, especially in math, in schools with the lowest poverty rates than in schools with more low-income students.

Good reads from elsewhere:

What's Your Education Story?

As the 2018 school year begins, join us for storytelling from Indianapolis educators

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy/Chalkbeat
Sarah TeKolste, right, and Lori Jenkins at a Teacher Story Slam, in April.

In partnership with Teachers Lounge Indy, Chalkbeat is hosting another teacher story slam this fall featuring educators from across the city.

Over the past couple of years, Chalkbeat has brought readers personal stories from teachers and students through the events. Some of our favorites touched on how a teacher won the trust of her most skeptical student, why another teacher decided to come out to his students, and one educator’s call to ramp up the number of students pursuing a college education.

The event, 5:30 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 13, is free and open to the public — please RSVP here.

Event details:

5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 13, 2018
Tube Factory artspace
1125 Cruft St., Indianapolis, IN 46203
Get tickets here and find more on Facebook

More in What's Your Education Story?

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.