First Person

Editor's blog: Teaching kids the importance of news

My daughter’s fourth grade class is studying news. As a former daily newspaper reporter I figured I ought to step up to the plate and offer my services. Yes, the news about news is dreary. I, for one, rode the Rocky Mountain News into its untimely grave. But it dawns on me that it may very well be these kids who figure out how to make news viable again.

Yesterday I visited her classroom to do a little proselytizing about the importance of a robust Fourth Estate to the health of a democracy. I just said it in a slightly different way.

What is news?

“News is all the things happening around us every day that help us understand our world, our nation, our community and our school.”

I gave some examples of hard news…what if there was a rash of bike thefts at this school? When would that be newsworthy? And I even cited the importance of covering boring ol’ school board meetings. What if the school board voted to do away with recess and no reporter was there to document the decision and report the complete story to the community? What if school officials used your lunch money to take a personal trip to Tahiti? Far-fetched, yes, but you have to get the point across.

I even talked about the recent investigation by EdNews Colorado into online schools in Colorado and how they’re not cutting the mustard and yet we’re sinking millions of dollars into them.

I was heartened to see about seven of 27 sets of hands shoot up to say their families actually still subscribed to newspapers that are hurled onto their driveways every morning.  The comics, by far and away, dominate the hearts and minds of these kids, seconded by sports. A few read the weather.

I then set up a mock news conference with the teacher as the subject of a profile story. Turns out my daughter’s teacher is truly fascinating.  Out of respect for his privacy, I won’t reveal his life story here. I also let the kids mess around with my Flip video camera, filming me and other students in class as the question-and-answer session ensued. The questions were incredible. The video will need some editing, unless close-up nostril shots are what we’re going for.

Beautiful kids’ brains

Here is a sample of their questions for their teacher:

  • What do you do for fun?
  • Do you drink coffee?
  • If you wanted to build something what would it be?
  • Where do you go for family vacations?
  • Why did you choose to teach fourth grade?
  • How long have you had that hair color?
  • How many sweet foods or drinks do you have every week? (Clearly an investigative reporter in the making…)
  • Why did you become a teacher?
  • Would you create life if you could? (To this question, this very patient and cooperative teacher said, why yes, he did create life when he had children. The girl who asked the question scoffed… “No, not that kind of life. Like a monster!”

The next step is for me to return to the classroom and help the kids weave all their notes into a story about their teacher. Other groups may write about things that make their particular fourth grade classroom different from the others. For instance, one-third of the children wear glasses; they routinely make zucchini bread in a solar oven; they play recorders in a circle every morning; and the teacher keeps a “June drawer,” which contains items students should not have brought to school – confiscated items that will be returned at the end of the school year. The teacher claims that one year a student found himself in the June drawer and it was indeed a tight squeeze.

Lessons learned

A few things learned from this experience: Children are sponges and so filled with creativity. We need to do everything we can do as a community to nurture their natural gifts and not squelch them. How is it that a bunch of fourth-graders offer up more thought-provoking questions during a faux news conference than the college students I teach who are majoring in journalism? I think it’s because the older students are more worried about asking the wrong question or of embarrassing themselves, or they’ve simply become disengaged.

The second thing this experience reminded me of is how important it is to get to know the kids in your child’s classes and spend time with them in the classroom. I am not regularly volunteering this year, but I have every other year so I know most of these kids. I have to think they get something out of their interactions with parents who help them learn. (I guess I’ll have to wait and see whether I get invited back).

Now, it’s off to campus for me. As for you, what expertise do you have that you could share with kids at school? We all have gifts and knowledge to share from serving more years on earth. This younger generation can learn a lot from our lives, our mistakes and our passions. Think about your own experiences, and if they happen to tie into your school’s curriculum – or even if they don’t – contact the teacher and ask to pay a visit.

Let us know how it goes.

First Person

What I learned about the limits of school choice in New York City from a mother whose child uses a wheelchair

PHOTO: Patrick Wall

As a researcher interested in the ways online platforms impact learning and educational decision-making, I’ve been trying to understand how New York City parents get the information to make a crucial decision: where to send their children to school.

So for the past six months, I’ve been asking local parents about the data they used to choose among the system’s 1700 or so schools.

I’ve heard all sorts of stories about the factors parents weigh when picking schools. Beyond the usual considerations like test scores and art programs, they also consider the logistics of commuting from the Bronx to the East Village with two children in tow, whether the school can accommodate parents and children who are still learning English, and how much money the parent-teacher association raises to supplement the school’s budget.

But for some families, the choice process begins and ends with the question: Is the building fully accessible?

The federal Americans with Disabilities Act requires public buildings constructed after 1992 to be fully accessible to people in wheelchairs. However, most New York City public school buildings were constructed prior to that law, and high construction costs have limited the number of new, fully accessible buildings.

As a result, a shocking 83 percent of New York City schools have been found non-compliant with the ADA, according to a two-year federal Department of Justice investigation whose findings the city Department of Education largely disputes. Recently, the city’s Office of Space Management has begun surveying buildings for full accessibility, but more work remains to be done.

One parent’s struggle to find a school suitable for her son, who has a physical disability but no cognitive issues, illustrates what a major role accessibility plays in some families’ decision-making.

Melanie Rivera is the mother of two and a native New Yorker living in Ditmas Park in Brooklyn’s District 22 who shared her story with me — and gave me permission to share it with others. Here is what she told me, in her own words:

My son Gabriel is seven years old. He was born with a condition called arthrogryposis, which affects the development of his joints. His hips, knees, and feet are affected and he has joint contractures, so his legs don’t bend and straighten the way most people’s do. In order to get around, he uses a combination of crutches and a wheelchair.

Before I had my differently-abled son, I was working in a preschool for children with special needs. The kids I worked with had cognitive developmental disabilities.

Despite my professional experience, I was overwhelmed when it was my turn to help my child with different abilities navigate the public school system. I can only imagine the students falling by the wayside because their parents don’t have that background.

When I was completing my son’s kindergarten application, I couldn’t even consider the academics of the school. My main priority was to tour the schools and assess their level of accessibility.

There are only a couple of ADA-accessible schools in my district, and there was no way of indicating on my son’s kindergarten application that he needed one. When we got the admissions results, he was assigned to his zoned school – which is not accessible.

I entered lengthy and extensive mediation to get him into an ADA-accessible school. At that point, I knew I would just have to take what I could get. For families whose children have special needs, “school choice” can ring hollow.

The process of finding any accessible school was a challenge. The DOE website allows families to search for ADA-accessible schools. But the site describes most schools as “partially accessible,” leaving it up to parents to call each school and say, “What do you mean by this?”

When I called the schools and asked, “Are you a barrier-free school?” the staff in the office didn’t know what the term meant. They might reply, “Oh yeah, we have a ramp.” I’d have to press further: “But can you get to the office? Can you get to every floor in the building?” The response was often, “Oh, I don’t know.”

Even the office staff didn’t know. But for my son’s sake, I needed to know.

Gabriel deserves the full range of academic and social experiences. So every day I make sure he’s learning in the least-restrictive environment — from the classroom, to phys ed, to field trips.

I believe the Department of Education also wants to make schools accessible and to place students with different abilities in settings where they’ll flourish, but the current system is not equipped to follow through on those good intentions. While I see gradual changes, I still know that if I don’t find the best placement for my son the system definitely won’t.

At the school level, administrators should know the details of their own school’s accessibility. Teachers should learn to include children with different abilities in their classrooms. Such a commitment means recognizing the value of inclusivity — not viewing accessibility as something ADA says you must do.

Before I had Gabriel, I never thought about accessibility. I never looked at street cutouts or thought about how to enter a store with steps. We’re probably all guilty of perpetuating exclusion at one point or another.

Recognizing that will allow us to change the status quo. It will allow every individual with a physical disability to fully participate in the public school system.

Claire Fontaine is a researcher at Data & Society, a research institute in New York City focused on social, cultural, and ethical issues arising from technological development. Kinjal Dave is a research assistant at Data & Society. You can read more about their project, which seeks to better understand the ways in which diverse New York City parents draw on school performance data, online dashboards, and school review websites when researching schools for their children.

First Person

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

PHOTO: Marta W. Aldrich
Grace Tatter covers a press conference at the Tennessee State Capitol in 2015.

For three years, I covered the Statehouse for Chalkbeat Tennessee, reporting on how policies from Nashville trickled down into more than 1,800 public schools across the state.

Now I’m starting back to school myself, pursuing graduate studies aimed at helping me to become a better education journalist. I’m taking with me six things I learned on the job about public education in Tennessee.

1. Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.

I heard from hundreds of parents, educators, and students who were passionate about what’s happening — good and bad — inside of schools. I covered crowded school board meetings and regularly scrambled for an open seat at legislative hearings where parents had filled the room after driving since dawn to beat the opening gavel. Not incidentally, those parents usually came from communities with the “worst” schools and the lowest test scores. While many disagreements exist about the best way to run schools, there is no shortage of people, particularly parents and educators, who care.

2. Tennessee has one of the most fascinating education stories in America.

I’ve had a front-row seat to massive changes in K-12 education under reforms ushered in by Race to the Top — an overhaul being tracked closely well beyond the state’s borders. But the national interest and import doesn’t end with changes stemming from the $500 million federal award. Tennessee is home to some of the nation’s premier education researchers, making its classrooms laboratories for new ideas about pre-K, school turnaround, and literacy instruction, just to name a few. And at the legislature, more lobbyists are devoted to education than to most any other cause. A lot of eyes are on Tennessee schools.

3. The education community is not as divided as it looks.

During the course of just a few years, I watched state lawmakers change their positions on accountability and school vouchers. I witnessed “anti-charter” activists praise charter leaders for their work. I chronicled task force meetings where state leaders who were committed to standardized testing found middle ground with classroom educators concerned that it’s gone too far. In short, a lot of people listened to each other and changed their minds. Watching such consensus-building reminded me that, while there are no simple debates about education, there is a widespread commitment to making it better.

4. Money matters.

Even when stories don’t seem to be about money, they usually are. How much money is being spent on testing, teacher salaries, school discipline reform? How much should be available for wraparound services? Why do some schools have more money than others? Is there enough to go around? Tennessee leaders have steadily upped public education spending, but the state still invests less than most other states, and the disparities among districts are gaping. That’s why more than a handful of school districts are battling with the state in court. Conversations about money are inextricable from conversations about improving schools.

5. Race is a significant education issue, but few leaders are willing to have that conversation.

More than 60 years after Brown v. Board of Education, Tennessee’s schools are largely racially segregated. Yet most policymakers tread lightly, if ever, into conversations about achieving real racial integration. And in many cases — such as a 2011 law enabling mostly white suburban Shelby County towns to secede from the mostly black Memphis district — they’ve actually gone backwards. Then there’s the achievement data. The annual release of test scores unleashes a flurry of conversation around the racial achievement gap. But the other 11 months of the year, I heard little about whether state and local policies are closing those gaps — or contributing to them — or the historical reasons why the gaps exist in the first place. To be sure, state leadership is trying to address some of Tennessee’s shortcomings. For example, the State Department of Education has launched modestly funded initiatives to recruit more teachers of color. But often, race and racism are the elephants in the room.

6. Still, there’s lots to celebrate.

If there were unlimited hours in the day, I could have written thousands of stories about what’s going right in public education. Every day, I received story ideas about collaborations with NASA in Oak Ridge, high school trips to Europe from Memphis, gourmet school lunches in Tullahoma, and learning partnerships with the Nashville Zoo. Even in schools with the steepest challenges, they were stories that inspire happiness and hope. They certainly inspired me.

Grace Tatter graduated from public schools in Winston-Salem, N.C., and received her bachelor’s degree in history from the University of North Carolina. She’s now pursuing a master’s degree in specialized studies at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.