the more things change

As educrat, Bill Thompson also faced heat over new standards

Screen shot 2013-08-08 at 4.09.53 PMAs a seasoned New York City elected official who once presided over the city’s Board of Education, Bill Thompson is no stranger to the tension that policymakers face when trying to raise academic standards.

But as a mayoral candidate on the campaign trail, Thompson emerged this week as a vocal critic of the city’s implementation of tougher learning standards. Students were tested on the standards for the first time this year, to disappointing marks, results that Thompson blamed on a failure by the city to give teachers the training and classroom resources they needed to teach the standards.

“The current administration has forced teachers to implement new standards without giving them the curriculum or the tools they need to do it successfully,” Thompson said on Tuesday.

Thompson’s criticism is notable because he was once on the other side of the policymaking aisle as a city education official more than a decade ago. During his tenure as board president, the state handed down tougher new graduation standards. For the first time, students would have to pass Regents exams to graduate.

Then-Mayor Rudy Giuliani and Schools Chancellor Harold Levy said the new requirement caused more students to drop out of school. Critics who feared that the dropout rate would continue to rise called on the State Education Department to roll back or alter its reforms.

Then-Assemblyman Steve Sanders, education committee chair, offered a critique that echoed Thompson’s concerns about the city’s implementation of the Common Core.

“You cannot expect schools and students to reach a higher goal if you’re not providing the resources and tools to do that,” Sanders told the Daily News in 2001. Sanders was part of a bipartisan backed a bill that would have required the state to allow student portfolio assessments to replace some of the Regents exams.

Thompson did not have authority to change the graduation requirements. But his lobbying could have influenced state education policy. Instead, faced with growing backlash against the requirements, Thompson batted away calls to roll back the reforms. He told the News, “We knew there were going to be difficulties along the way.”

With Levy, Thompson lobbied for more state funding to support the reforms. But neither they said wanted to change the policy.

Campaign representatives for Thompson, who was not available to comment, pointed out that he is not opposed to the Common Core learning standards or the state’s timeline for implementing the changes. They said his criticism this week was focused on the city’s difficulties during the transition, which includes a shortage of new curriculum for schools just weeks before the school year starts.

Shael Polakow-Suransky, the city’s chief academic officer, said criticism of the new learning standards were a familiar refrain whenever — and wherever — there are efforts to raise standards.

“It happens every time,” said Polakow-Suransky, who was a first-year principal of a Bronx high school serving English language learners in 2001. “It happened in Massachusetts in the nineties, exactly the same conversation. It’s happened here every time. It happened in Tennessee. There’s always this debate with people saying the high standards are too hard.”

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.


For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.


Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at cbauman@chalkbeat.org.

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede