the final hours

Career ladder, fewer eval metrics, and face time with parents in teacher contract, sources say

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
UFT President Michael Mulgrew speaks about teacher attrition patterns earlier this year.

Retroactive raises aren’t the only perks awaiting teachers in a contract deal being finalized between the United Federation of Teachers and the city, sources say.

The deal will also include a chance for teachers to earn higher salaries in exchange for taking on leadership roles, according to a source. The compensation system, known as a career ladder, would be a big shift from a lockstep pay system that’s been in place for most of the contract’s six-decade history.

The career ladder is one of several changes expected when the UFT and the city announce agreement on a teachers contract—the first since their last deal expired in 2009. Several news outlets are reporting a deal could be announced as early as Thursday.

Two other major changes expected in the new contract involve teacher evaluations and the way that the school day is divided.

Principals will have to rate teachers on significantly fewer items when they observe teachers, a change that would reduce the amount of work involved in classroom observations. Chalkbeat reported last month that Chancellor Carmen Fariña had openly supported the idea, which the UFT opposed during last year’s negotiations.

The deal will also add more time into the school year for professional development and for teachers to meet with parents. To find that time in the 6.5-hour school day, schools will eliminate the 37.5 minutes allotted for tutoring academically struggling students four times a week, a provision that was negotiated into the 2005 contract.

Career ladders are in currently place in about 80 middle schools, but paid for with federal Teacher Incentive Fund grants. Under that model, some teachers are paid more for working to coach newer teachers, develop curriculum and take on other leadership roles.

It’s unclear how, and how many, teachers will be promoted under the career ladder. Some districts, including Washington, D.C. and Denver, have adopted compensation systems that tie promotions to performance. Some models also allow teachers to opt into the new system, or stay in the traditional pay scale, in which teacher pay is based on years of experience and level of education.

The union has supported a career ladder model that is not tied to student performance metrics in the past. In an interview with Chalkbeat last year, UFT President Michael Mulgrew described the kind of career ladder system that he’d like see.

“We want a career ladder for teachers that starts when they’re brand new that gets them more support on the practices—classroom management is the biggest issue for any new teachers—moving all the way up to a master teacher, someone who can help the new ones,” Mulgrew said. “That’s where we’re going to go. That’s been a contract demand we’ve had throughout this contract fight.”

It’s still unclear how much teachers will receive in retroactive pay for the five years they’ve been without a contract. The union’s priority has been securing 4 percent raises for the first two years, which would cost the city $3.4 billion.

Another major issue is what the contract will do with more than 1,000 teachers in the Absent Teacher Reserve pool, who are without full-time jobs while still on the city’s payroll. A source told Chalkbeat that a weekly rotation of ATR teachers, in place since 2011, will be eliminated. The Wall Street Journal is reporting that teachers in the pool will return to schools to fill vacancies if they have the right credentials, but principals will be able to quickly remove them under an expedited appeal process.

Check back, and follow @ChalkbeatNY on Twitter, for the latest news on contract talks and New York City schools.

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede