Second guessing

Despite significant TCAP gains, Nashville middle school starts charter conversion as part of state’s turnaround process

PHOTO: Grace Tatter
Teachers at Neely's Bend College Prep School help incoming fifth-graders make slime at the new Nashville charter school's open house in August. Teachers from Neely's Bend Middle School, which is being phased out, were also on hand to help.

Less than six months after students, parents and teachers angrily argued that they could turn around Neely’s Bend Middle Prep School without a charter school conversion, the Nashville school posted some of its most significant gains ever on the state’s TCAP exams.

But less than two weeks ago, Neely’s Bend became a charter conversion school anyway, proceeding with the state Achievement School District’s plan to make Neely’s Bend its newest Nashville charter school and sending a message that the turnaround district’s conversion plans, once mapped out, don’t kick into reverse.

Last year’s improved scores at Neely’s Bend, a low-performing school targeted by the ASD in order to turn it around academically beginning this school year, prompts reflection about whether the state’s intervention was necessary in the first place. Or, was the mere prospect of state takeover sufficient to kickstart the school’s progress?

During TCAP tests in the spring, the school logged the state’s highest possible growth score, a 5.

Ironically, had the school posted such gains last year, it might not have been considered for state intervention beginning this school year.

But by the time school administrators, faculty and parents began to mobilize to help students lift their scores, the dye had been cast.

This month, the charter school known as Neely’s Bend Collegiate Prep, which is operated by the LEAD Public Schools network, took control of the school’s fifth-grade classes, while Neely’s Bend Middle Prep, which is operated by Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools, continues to oversee grades 6-8. Each year, the state-authorized charter school will take over another grade, and Neely’s Bend Middle Prep will be phased out within three years. In the meantime, the two schools are co-existing in the same building, each with separate administrators and faculty.

Teachers at Neely’s Bend Middle Prep credit the 2015 score gains to then-principal Michelle Maultsby-Springer, who started at the school last fall.

“We had a massive change when Dr. Springer came in,” said Chelsea Elder, who taught fifth-grade English last year.

Elder, who will teach sixth-grade English this year, said Maultsby-Springer’s high expectations prompted fast improvements in teacher attitude, student behavior and other areas. “There was dedication and hard work like you wouldn’t believe,” she said.

Erick Huth, president of the local chapter of the Tennessee Education Association, said the progress under the principal’s brief tenure is a testament to the potential of traditional public schools. “Michelle Maultsby-Springer proved they can make a difference,” he said.

This school year, Maultsby-Springer was reassigned to Croft Middle School. She has been replaced by Michelle Demps, last year’s principal of Madison Middle School, which was the other Nashville middle school considered last fall for ASD intervention. Madison’s scores continued to fall this year, and it received the lowest growth rating possible.

During Maultsby-Springer’s watch, Neely’s Bend outpaced the state in math and science, gaining 8.9 and 8.7 percentage point respectively. Its reading scores dropped more than scores did statewide, but not enough to pull down the school’s growth score. It also outpaced LEAD’s other ASD-authorized Nashville school, Brick Church Middle School, which saw declines across the board, giving it a growth rating of 1. (LEAD’s three other middle schools, all authorized through the local Nashville district, received 5s.)

LEAD CEO Chris Reynolds said Neely’s Bend’s improved scores are a good sign, no matter who operates the school this year. “It may give the phase-out grades a little more confidence, which is a good thing,” he said.

But efforts to turn the longstanding neighborhood school into a new charter school still struck a nerve for many community members loyal to Neely’s Bend. Lisa Jones, the parent of an incoming fifth-grader, said most of her daughter’s classmates from Neely’s Bend Elementary School opted not to go to Neely’s Bend Middle this year because of the charter conversion.

“Parents wanted something more established,” she said.

Also because of the phase-out, only six MNPS teachers, including Elder, returned to the school this year.

The Achievement School District was created in 2010 to support turnaround efforts at the state’s bottom 5 percent of schools, known as priority schools. Even after ASD officials, citing parental feedback, chose Neely’s Bend last December for state intervention and charter conversion, confusion reigned in the community over whether the school could remove itself from ASD control and stay with the Nashville school district.

Last semester, students and teachers geared up in anticipation of spring TCAPs, with hopes that a significant score boost would propel them off the priority list. However, the priority list is released every three years and, until earlier this month when the state received a federal waiver, schools couldn’t come off the list of ASD-eligible schools in off years. Even if they could, the growth displayed at Neely’s Bend, though significant, was not enough. A new state law prohibiting the ASD from absorbing Level 5 schools came too late for Neely’s Bend, which had a score of 1 when the ASD chose it for charter conversion.

“We applaud the Level 5 growth earned by Neely’s Bend this year,” ASD officials said recently in response to the school’s gains, which were comparable to many of the ASD’s own schools. “We want students in the grades served by MNPS to do well.… The decision to partner LEAD with Neely’s Bend was made in December — long before this summer’s release of TVAAS scores — giving MNPS, LEAD, and the Neely’s Bend community ample time for planning and preparing for a successful school year.”

Elder said she, too, wants the school to do well, no matter who operates it. She’s making an effort to work with LEAD staff, and attended Neely’s Bend Collegiate Prep’s open house, even though it wasn’t required. But Elder, whose parents once attended Neely’s Bend, said she also hopes that the charter operator will maintain the school’s best traditions while also introducing new ones.

“I’m here because, as a teacher, I want to make sure all of our kids have a great experience,” she said during the open house.

“I hope it stays the same in some ways,” she added, gesturing to a painting of the school mascot on the gym wall. “I hope they keep the beaver.”

The ASD plans a charter conversion of at least one more middle school and elementary school in Nashville in the 2017-2018 school year, state officials announced last week.

Top 10

From forest preschools to a secret apology, here are Chalkbeat Colorado’s must-read stories of 2018

PHOTO: Ann Schimke/Chalkbeat
Megan Patterson works with children to make a dam in a creek during a recent "forest school" class.

We spend a lot of time at Chalkbeat chasing the news to keep our readers informed about controversial policy changes, fast-moving debates, and late-breaking decisions.

But we also relish the opportunity to dig deep into issues affecting students and families, shine light on innovative ideas, and hear from dedicated educators making a difference. With that in mind, we’ve gathered 10 of our best stories from 2018.

These stories don’t necessarily chronicle the biggest education issues of 2018, from teacher walkouts to unprecedented state interventions. But they are stories we think are important and insightful, and that we enjoyed reporting and writing. We hope you enjoy reading them.

No walls: Forest preschools let kids run free, but can they change to reach diverse families?

One day this past summer, about a dozen children frolicked by a Jefferson County creek — making pretend tea in small metal buckets, and building dams with sticks and mud.

They were students at Worldmind Nature Immersion School, where children spend all their time outside. So-called forest preschools like Worldmind are beloved by many families but face significant regulatory and logistical barriers in expanding their footprint nationwide. Here in Colorado, a pilot program could lead a new kind of child care license designed for them.

And being licensed could help the schools confront another problem: a lack of diversity among their students. Read more.

Colorado was never ranked 46th for teacher pay. Does this change the debate?

It was an oft-cited statistic: that Colorado, despite its booming economy, ranked 46th in the nation for teacher pay. The eye-popping number found its way onto social media posts and signs at massive teacher rallies last spring. News outlets latched on to it, too.

But it was wrong. Colorado was actually ranked 30th in the nation.

Our story breaks down how the mistake happened (hint: a new data system, an unrevised report) — and how groups with different agendas seized on the snafu to score points. Read more.

This is the letter of apology that Adams 14 leaders never sent

The Adams 14 district in Commerce City is arguably the most troubled and low-performing in Colorado. Just last month, state officials directed Adams 14 to hire an external manager to oversee the district’s operations for at least the next four years.

Back in September, Adams 14 officials considered taking a rare step: saying sorry to the community. But an apology letter was never signed nor sent out.

Chalkbeat obtained a copy of the letter, which makes mention of “various and conflicting priorities, coupled with constant turnover and organizational disarray.” Read more.

Rising test scores and dwindling trust: Denver’s Tom Boasberg leaves a complicated legacy

Colorado’s largest school district experienced a big change this year when longtime leader Tom Boasberg announced he would step down after nearly 10 years in Denver Public Schools.

Because of his school improvement strategies — some of which were controversial and heightened tensions with the community — the district that the new superintendent, Susana Cordova, will inherit in January is vastly different than it was a decade ago.

One tangible difference: Schools that once served as anchors of the community but struggled academically have been closed or replaced. That disappearance was on display on one of Boasberg’s last days, when he held his cell phone close to his mouth and enunciated each word so his GPS would understand his direction: “Montbello High School.” Read more.

Parents in one Aurora high school are visiting classrooms and giving teachers feedback

Like many schools in Colorado, Aurora’s Rangeview High School has a test score gap between white and black students. But the assistant principal there came up with a unique way to try to address it: by inviting black parents to visit classrooms and observe how students are — or are not — engaging with the teacher’s lesson, and then provide suggestions for improvement.

“We give true and honest feedback,” said one parent involved, “if they looked or appeared comfortable, how they interacted with the environment, the temperature of the room.”

Although the assistant principal considers the African American Parent Committee an experiment, she said it’s generating uncomfortable but necessary conversations. Read more.

How education reform became a wedge issue among Colorado Democrats this election year

For years, more moderate Democrats, often working in unison with like-minded Republicans, championed education reform efforts ranging from school choice to holding educators accountable for student performance.

But partly because of backlash against President Donald Trump and his education secretary, those strategies no longer fly with many Democrats — especially left-leaning Democrats who see them as undercutting public education and devaluing the work of teachers.

That sentiment was palpable in Colorado’s Democratic gubernatorial primary, and could shape the next legislative session, which starts in January. “Education is the issue that really stands to divide the left in a very substantial way,” one observer said. Read more.

How a Colorado school district turned things around at 10,000 feet above sea level

School improvement efforts look a little different high in the Rocky Mountains. While many of the strategies used by the 1,000-student Lake County school district are familiar to urban settings, they’ve been retrofitted to meet the needs of a district that’s 100 miles west of Denver.

For example, instead of firing teachers and principals who weren’t accelerating student learning fast enough, the district adopted a new curriculum and gave its teachers lots of training.

“The belief that the people are the problem is wrong,” the superintendent said. “Our teachers are professionals, and we believe in them. We’re proving that there is a framework or a pathway for rural schools to improve that’s about building capacity within your own community.” Read more.

7 things to know about how Colorado schools punish their youngest students

After state lawmakers rejected a bill to limit the use of suspensions in the earliest grades, Chalkbeat wanted to know more about the early childhood discipline landscape in Colorado. Data from the Colorado Department of Education revealed several trends.

Among them: Young black boys are suspended at disproportionate rates. Some rural school districts have the highest early childhood suspension rates in the state.

And despite nationwide debate about the impact of harsh discipline on young children and local efforts to bring the numbers down, suspensions in the early grades are actually going up. Read more.

In Denver’s gentrifying neighborhoods, some middle-class parents are avoiding the school down the block

Many neighborhoods in Denver are gentrifying, with middle-class families moving into what have historically been working-class communities. That type of demographic shift could easily lead to neighborhood schools that are more integrated by family income and race.

But that doesn’t always happen in Denver. Instead, data show that wealthier families – more often than low-income families – are using Denver Public Schools’ universal school choice process to send their kids to schools elsewhere in the city.

That’s a problem because research shows integrated schools boost test scores for students from low-income families without lowering the scores of those from wealthier ones. Denver officials want to see those benefits, but allowing parents to choose may be thwarting them. Read more.

Why this Colorado principal hand delivers birthday cards to more than 2,000 students and staff

Northglenn High School Principal Sharee Blunt is Colorado’s 2018 School Principal of the year — but perhaps even more impressive is the enormous number of birthday cards she hand delivers each year. If you’re one of those people who can barely remember your spouse’s birthday, you’ll be floored by Blunt’s annual feat.

In our interview with Blunt, part of Chalkbeat’s “How I Lead” Q&A series with distinguished school leaders, she talks about what she realized after a mother’s emotional reaction, and why she gave a teacher a pass during a lesson that went awry. Read more.

union power

Charter teachers won big in nation’s first strike. What now?

PHOTO: Yana Kunichoff / Chalkbeat
Teachers from Acero charter schools in Chicago protest stalled negotiations Oct. 24, 2018, as they readied to vote on authorizing a strike.

Some 500 unionized teachers joined in the nation’s first charter strike last week, and succeeded in negotiating wage increases, smaller class sizes and a shorter school day. Their gains could foreshadow next year’s citywide contract negotiations — between the Chicago Teachers Union, with its contract expiring in June, and Chicago Public Schools.

“The issue of class size is going to be huge,” said Chris Geovanis, the union’s director of communications. “It is a critically important issue in every school.”

Unlike their counterparts in charters, though, teachers who work at district-run schools can’t technically go on strike to push through a cap on the number of students per class. That’s because the Illinois Education Labor Relations Act defines what issues non-charter public school teachers can bargain over, and what issues can lead to a strike.

An impasse on issues of compensation or those related to working conditions, such as length of the school day or teacher evaluations, could precipitate a strike. But disagreements over class sizes or school closures, among other issues, cannot be the basis for a strike.

The number of students per class has long been a point of contention among both district and charter school teachers.

Educators at Acero had hopes of pushing the network to limit class sizes to 24-28 students, depending on the grade. However, as Acero teachers capped their fourth day on the picket line, they reached an agreement with the charter operator on a cap of 30 students — down from the current cap of 32 students.

Andy Crooks, a special education apprentice, also known as a teacher’s aide, at Acero’s Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz school and a member of the teachers bargaining team, said that even having two fewer students in a classroom would make a huge difference.

“You really do get a lot more time with your students,” Crooks said. “And if you are thinking about kindergarten in particular, two less 5-year-olds really can help set the tone of the classroom.”

In district-run schools, classes are capped at 28 students in kindergarten through third grade, and at 31 students in fourth through sixth grade. But a survey by the advocacy group Parents 4 Teachers, which supports educators taking on inequality, found that during the 2017-2018 school year, 21 percent of K-8 classrooms had more students than district guidelines allowed. In 18 elementary school classrooms, there were 40 or more students.

The issue came up at last week’s Board of Education meeting, at which Ivette Hernandez, a parent of a first-grader at Virgil Grissom Elementary School in the city’s Hegewisch neighborhood, said her son’s classes have had more than 30 students in them. When the children are so young and active — and when they come into classrooms at so many different skill levels — “the teachers can’t handle 30 kids in one class,” she told the board.

Alderman Sue Garza, a former counselor, accompanied Hernandez. She also spoke before the board about classroom overcrowding — worrying aloud that, in some grades at one school in particular, the number of students exceeded the building’s fire codes. (Board chair Frank Clark said a district team would visit the school to ensure compliance fire safety policies.)

While the Chicago Teachers Union aren’t technically allowed to strike over class sizes, the union does have a history of pushing the envelope when it comes to bargaining.

Back in 2012, when the Chicago Teachers Union last went on strike, they ended up being able to secure the first limit on class sizes in 20 years because the district permitted the union to bargain over class size.

They also led a bargaining campaign that included discussion over racial disparities in Chicago education and school closures, arguing that these trends impacted the working conditions of teachers.

“Even if you can’t force an employer to bargain over an issue, you can push them to bargain over the impact of an issue,” Bob Bruno, a labor professor at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, explained.

The Chicago Teachers Union also emerged from its 2012 negotiations with guarantees of additional “wraparound services,” such as access to onsite social workers and school counselors.