Grading the superintendent

Hopson receives satisfactory grade on performance evaluation

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Superintendent Dorsey Hopson has overseen Tennessee's largest public school district since 2013.

It’s official: Shelby County Schools Superintendent Dorsey Hopson is doing a satisfactory job running Tennessee’s largest public school district, according to his evaluation from the school board.

Hopson’s 2014-15 evaluation was reviewed Tuesday night by board members following months of collaboration with the Centre Group, a Memphis human resources organization that conducted the assessment.

The report comes during a year in which the Memphis district improved scores in state tests in nearly every subject except for reading which, like most of the rest of the state, decreased. Two-thirds of schools in Shelby County Schools saw their average scores increase from last year.

For those gains, the school board voted in August to award Hopson a one-time bonus of $15,000.

In his evaluation, Hopson earned a “meets expectations” grade in every category. In his last evaluation in June 2014, he received “above expectations” marks in five of the seven categories. However, “these are not apples to apples comparisons,” said Henry Evans, a consultant with the Centre Group.

This year, Evans noted, the board includes new members and the evaluation instrument has fewer categories — both factors that can affect an evaluation in either a positive or negative way.

“I don’t want this evaluation to be perceived as not a good evaluation for the superintendent. In fact, the board members do share a consensus that the overall performance of the superintendent remains solid through evaluation, although evaluation gradings are lower than they were in 2014,” Evans said.

A Memphis native and graduate of Whitehaven High School, Hopson became the first superintendent of Shelby County Schools after the former Memphis City Schools merged with legacy Shelby County Schools in 2013.

He has overseen the district during a period of massive change in Shelby County’s educational landscape. In 2014, the newly consolidated district underwent a split as six suburban municipalities broke off to create their own school systems. Meanwhile, the county’s charter sector has grown significantly, mostly due to the state-run Achievement School District’s expansion at the expense of Shelby County Schools.

The ripple effect has caused Shelby County Schools’ enrollment to shrink and created numerous financial challenges that Hopson and his administration are continuing to navigate. This year, the district cut $125 million from its 2015-16 budget and laid off more than 500 employees. Hopson’s proposal to reduce retiree health benefits fizzled amid public outcry, but he has said the district will have to find another way to cut costs. Earlier this month, the superintendent warned board members that the district will face a $72 million shortfall for the upcoming school year.

For his latest evaluation, Hopson thanked the board and credited the district’s administrators and teachers for academic gains.

“What I don’t want to get lost is that we showed improvement in nine out of 10 testing categories, we’re a (TVAAS) level 5 district, and we increased our graduation rate for about three years, all while dealing with a de-merger,” the superintendent said. “I’m very proud of it and I think this board is just a harder grader.”

Several board members expressed satisfaction with Hopson’s leadership.

“Like everybody, superintendent, we all have improvements to make,” Billy Orgel said. “I think your job performance was as good two years ago as it was this year. You’re certainly not a perfect 10, but I appreciate your hard work and effort and willingness to improve in certain areas.”

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede