Colorado

DPS board prepares for new schools vote

Fewer than 5 percent of freshmen from two Denver high schools – North and West – are prepared for college four years later without needing remedial help once enrolled.

Nearly two-thirds of eighth-graders attending schools in far northeast Denver leave the area – and DPS altogether – for high school.

Virtually every elementary school in southeast Denver is at or over capacity as families flock to the area – but many students living there opt to go private.

Denver school board members spent nearly two hours Monday sorting through that kind of achievement and enrollment data as they prepare for a June vote on 11 new schools applications.

The data provides a regional analysis of need, by performance and capacity, as board members try to figure out which schools might fit where across the city. Any schools approved next month will be assigned to a region – a specific building location won’t come until November.

Board members don’t have to approve any schools and DPS Superintendent Tom Boasberg said staff recommendations on the 11 schools at the June 17 meeting “will include a lot of no’s.”

Some board members requested more information and one, Andrea Merida, pushed for an emphasis on existing schools before opening new ones. “Let’s work with what we have first,” she said.

Boasberg countered that the two actions – improving existing schools while approving new ones – are not “in opposition.” “We don’t see that as mutually exclusive,” he said.

He pointed to an analysis of DPS high school freshmen enrolling in college four years later and the percentages, by school, of those able to jump into college coursework without remedial help.

East High School topped the list for traditional comprehensive schools, with a 30 percent rate of high school graduates able to enroll in college without remediation. West High School was at the low end, with 1 percent, and nearby North High fared little better at 4 percent.

“Those percentages are truly a crisis situation,” Boasberg said. “This is not just a high school issue. This is very much a feeder pattern issue. What it calls out extraordinarily, strikingly, is how much more work we’ve got to do to significantly, significantly increase these numbers.”

Click here to see the 59-page analysis and here for links to the 11 new school applications. What follows are highlights for each of the city district’s five regions:

Far Northeast

Demographic – Seven of nine neighborhood elementary schools are operating at or above capacity; DPS plans to open a preschool center in 2011 to relieve crowding and will include a new elementary in a future bond issue.

Choice – Only 57 percent of high school students who live here attend school here; of this area’s 8th-graders in 2009, 50 percent left the area for another DPS school and 16 percent left the district altogether.

Performance – Just 6 percent of Montbello High graduates are prepared for college without remediation; the district will apply for turnaround funds for Montbello and Noel Middle for 2010-11.

New schools applicants – Two charters – SOAR Elementary and Independence High School – want to move into the area, along with two performance schools – a replication of the Denver Center for International Studies, with a K-12 campus, and the Denver KEY K-8 school. Also, a KIPP middle school was approved for this area last year.

Near Northeast

Demographic – An elementary will open in 2011 and a middle school in 2012 to address rapid growth in Stapleton, with help from city and developer; DPS is expected to seek funds for a high school in a future bond election.

Choice – Just over 50 percent of the high school students in the Manual High boundary attend either Manual or nearby Bruce Randolph 6-12 School; about 250 more high school students leave the area than enter it.

Performance – Nearly one in four elementary seats are in “red” schools, those ranked the lowest on the district’s school performance framework; DPS applying for turnaround funds for Gilpin Elementary.

New schools applicants – Two performance schools – Denver British Primary elementary and Good Earth elementary – have applied to locate in the area, along with two charters – University Prep elementary and Janus International Academy K-8. Board also expected to receive proposal to locate a campus of the Denver School of Science and Technology at the Cole Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Northwest

Demographic – Increasing growth in elementary grades in next two to five years could mean re-opening schools closed in 2008; that growth could help fill Skinner Middle, a school undergoing revitalization.

Choice – Number of sixth-graders living in Lake Middle boundary has doubled with implementation of new Lake International Baccalaureate and West Denver Prep charter at Lake campus; 55 percent of high school students living here choice out of area but options such as CEC Middle College bring more high school students in.

Performance – North and West are lowest-performing high schools in terms of graduates needing college remediation; area has the highest number of “red” seats – those in lowest-performing schools – in the city; DPS applying for turnaround funds for North.

New schools applicants – A charter, Praxis, wants to locate here to serve high school students with special needs and those lagging in class credits for their age; school is a replacement for P.S. 1 Charter.

Southwest

Demographic – At least ten elementary schools in central part of area are operating at or above capacity; DPS projects need for up to 1,000 more middle school seats by 2015; Abraham Lincoln High School, a district center for native Spanish speakers, is overcrowded.

Choice – Despite crowding at Lincoln, the area’s other traditional high school, John F. Kennedy, has space; over 2,000 high school students living in the area don’t attend school here; DPS will open an alternative high school, Summit Academy, this fall.

Performance – Area has seen greatest improvement in performance of any region in the city; 2,000 elementary seats were “red,” the lowest-performing, in 2008 compared to 600 in 2009; one school in area, Munroe, remains a “red” school.

New schools applicants – A performance school, Eva Elementary, has applied for this area; district also deciding on long-term home for second campus of West Denver Prep charter middle school.

Southeast

Demographic – DPS projects need for up to 1,000 elementary seats despite opening two new elementary options, Denver Green School and Denver Language School, this fall, when grades K-5 are projected to be at 104 percent capacity.

Choice – Despite crowding, elementary schools have among the lowest “capture” rates of resident children because of high concentration of private schools here; capture rates also low at high school grades, with enrollment dropping at Thomas Jefferson High by 8 percent in past three years.

Performance – No schools in the area are rated “red,” the district’s lowest ranking, though just 26 percent of seniors at Thomas Jefferson and 13 percent of seniors at South High enroll in college and are not in remediation the following year.

New schools applicants – None.

Nancy Mitchell can be reached at nmitchell@ednewscolorado.org or 303-478-4573.

Top 10

From forest preschools to a secret apology, here are Chalkbeat Colorado’s must-read stories of 2018

PHOTO: Ann Schimke/Chalkbeat
Megan Patterson works with children to make a dam in a creek during a recent "forest school" class.

We spend a lot of time at Chalkbeat chasing the news to keep our readers informed about controversial policy changes, fast-moving debates, and late-breaking decisions.

But we also relish the opportunity to dig deep into issues affecting students and families, shine light on innovative ideas, and hear from dedicated educators making a difference. With that in mind, we’ve gathered 10 of our best stories from 2018.

These stories don’t necessarily chronicle the biggest education issues of 2018, from teacher walkouts to unprecedented state interventions. But they are stories we think are important and insightful, and that we enjoyed reporting and writing. We hope you enjoy reading them.

No walls: Forest preschools let kids run free, but can they change to reach diverse families?

One day this past summer, about a dozen children frolicked by a Jefferson County creek — making pretend tea in small metal buckets, and building dams with sticks and mud.

They were students at Worldmind Nature Immersion School, where children spend all their time outside. So-called forest preschools like Worldmind are beloved by many families but face significant regulatory and logistical barriers in expanding their footprint nationwide. Here in Colorado, a pilot program could lead a new kind of child care license designed for them.

And being licensed could help the schools confront another problem: a lack of diversity among their students. Read more.

Colorado was never ranked 46th for teacher pay. Does this change the debate?

It was an oft-cited statistic: that Colorado, despite its booming economy, ranked 46th in the nation for teacher pay. The eye-popping number found its way onto social media posts and signs at massive teacher rallies last spring. News outlets latched on to it, too.

But it was wrong. Colorado was actually ranked 30th in the nation.

Our story breaks down how the mistake happened (hint: a new data system, an unrevised report) — and how groups with different agendas seized on the snafu to score points. Read more.

This is the letter of apology that Adams 14 leaders never sent

The Adams 14 district in Commerce City is arguably the most troubled and low-performing in Colorado. Just last month, state officials directed Adams 14 to hire an external manager to oversee the district’s operations for at least the next four years.

Back in September, Adams 14 officials considered taking a rare step: saying sorry to the community. But an apology letter was never signed nor sent out.

Chalkbeat obtained a copy of the letter, which makes mention of “various and conflicting priorities, coupled with constant turnover and organizational disarray.” Read more.

Rising test scores and dwindling trust: Denver’s Tom Boasberg leaves a complicated legacy

Colorado’s largest school district experienced a big change this year when longtime leader Tom Boasberg announced he would step down after nearly 10 years in Denver Public Schools.

Because of his school improvement strategies — some of which were controversial and heightened tensions with the community — the district that the new superintendent, Susana Cordova, will inherit in January is vastly different than it was a decade ago.

One tangible difference: Schools that once served as anchors of the community but struggled academically have been closed or replaced. That disappearance was on display on one of Boasberg’s last days, when he held his cell phone close to his mouth and enunciated each word so his GPS would understand his direction: “Montbello High School.” Read more.

Parents in one Aurora high school are visiting classrooms and giving teachers feedback

Like many schools in Colorado, Aurora’s Rangeview High School has a test score gap between white and black students. But the assistant principal there came up with a unique way to try to address it: by inviting black parents to visit classrooms and observe how students are — or are not — engaging with the teacher’s lesson, and then provide suggestions for improvement.

“We give true and honest feedback,” said one parent involved, “if they looked or appeared comfortable, how they interacted with the environment, the temperature of the room.”

Although the assistant principal considers the African American Parent Committee an experiment, she said it’s generating uncomfortable but necessary conversations. Read more.

How education reform became a wedge issue among Colorado Democrats this election year

For years, more moderate Democrats, often working in unison with like-minded Republicans, championed education reform efforts ranging from school choice to holding educators accountable for student performance.

But partly because of backlash against President Donald Trump and his education secretary, those strategies no longer fly with many Democrats — especially left-leaning Democrats who see them as undercutting public education and devaluing the work of teachers.

That sentiment was palpable in Colorado’s Democratic gubernatorial primary, and could shape the next legislative session, which starts in January. “Education is the issue that really stands to divide the left in a very substantial way,” one observer said. Read more.

How a Colorado school district turned things around at 10,000 feet above sea level

School improvement efforts look a little different high in the Rocky Mountains. While many of the strategies used by the 1,000-student Lake County school district are familiar to urban settings, they’ve been retrofitted to meet the needs of a district that’s 100 miles west of Denver.

For example, instead of firing teachers and principals who weren’t accelerating student learning fast enough, the district adopted a new curriculum and gave its teachers lots of training.

“The belief that the people are the problem is wrong,” the superintendent said. “Our teachers are professionals, and we believe in them. We’re proving that there is a framework or a pathway for rural schools to improve that’s about building capacity within your own community.” Read more.

7 things to know about how Colorado schools punish their youngest students

After state lawmakers rejected a bill to limit the use of suspensions in the earliest grades, Chalkbeat wanted to know more about the early childhood discipline landscape in Colorado. Data from the Colorado Department of Education revealed several trends.

Among them: Young black boys are suspended at disproportionate rates. Some rural school districts have the highest early childhood suspension rates in the state.

And despite nationwide debate about the impact of harsh discipline on young children and local efforts to bring the numbers down, suspensions in the early grades are actually going up. Read more.

In Denver’s gentrifying neighborhoods, some middle-class parents are avoiding the school down the block

Many neighborhoods in Denver are gentrifying, with middle-class families moving into what have historically been working-class communities. That type of demographic shift could easily lead to neighborhood schools that are more integrated by family income and race.

But that doesn’t always happen in Denver. Instead, data show that wealthier families – more often than low-income families – are using Denver Public Schools’ universal school choice process to send their kids to schools elsewhere in the city.

That’s a problem because research shows integrated schools boost test scores for students from low-income families without lowering the scores of those from wealthier ones. Denver officials want to see those benefits, but allowing parents to choose may be thwarting them. Read more.

Why this Colorado principal hand delivers birthday cards to more than 2,000 students and staff

Northglenn High School Principal Sharee Blunt is Colorado’s 2018 School Principal of the year — but perhaps even more impressive is the enormous number of birthday cards she hand delivers each year. If you’re one of those people who can barely remember your spouse’s birthday, you’ll be floored by Blunt’s annual feat.

In our interview with Blunt, part of Chalkbeat’s “How I Lead” Q&A series with distinguished school leaders, she talks about what she realized after a mother’s emotional reaction, and why she gave a teacher a pass during a lesson that went awry. Read more.

union power

Charter teachers won big in nation’s first strike. What now?

PHOTO: Yana Kunichoff / Chalkbeat
Teachers from Acero charter schools in Chicago protest stalled negotiations Oct. 24, 2018, as they readied to vote on authorizing a strike.

Some 500 unionized teachers joined in the nation’s first charter strike last week, and succeeded in negotiating wage increases, smaller class sizes and a shorter school day. Their gains could foreshadow next year’s citywide contract negotiations — between the Chicago Teachers Union, with its contract expiring in June, and Chicago Public Schools.

“The issue of class size is going to be huge,” said Chris Geovanis, the union’s director of communications. “It is a critically important issue in every school.”

Unlike their counterparts in charters, though, teachers who work at district-run schools can’t technically go on strike to push through a cap on the number of students per class. That’s because the Illinois Education Labor Relations Act defines what issues non-charter public school teachers can bargain over, and what issues can lead to a strike.

An impasse on issues of compensation or those related to working conditions, such as length of the school day or teacher evaluations, could precipitate a strike. But disagreements over class sizes or school closures, among other issues, cannot be the basis for a strike.

The number of students per class has long been a point of contention among both district and charter school teachers.

Educators at Acero had hopes of pushing the network to limit class sizes to 24-28 students, depending on the grade. However, as Acero teachers capped their fourth day on the picket line, they reached an agreement with the charter operator on a cap of 30 students — down from the current cap of 32 students.

Andy Crooks, a special education apprentice, also known as a teacher’s aide, at Acero’s Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz school and a member of the teachers bargaining team, said that even having two fewer students in a classroom would make a huge difference.

“You really do get a lot more time with your students,” Crooks said. “And if you are thinking about kindergarten in particular, two less 5-year-olds really can help set the tone of the classroom.”

In district-run schools, classes are capped at 28 students in kindergarten through third grade, and at 31 students in fourth through sixth grade. But a survey by the advocacy group Parents 4 Teachers, which supports educators taking on inequality, found that during the 2017-2018 school year, 21 percent of K-8 classrooms had more students than district guidelines allowed. In 18 elementary school classrooms, there were 40 or more students.

The issue came up at last week’s Board of Education meeting, at which Ivette Hernandez, a parent of a first-grader at Virgil Grissom Elementary School in the city’s Hegewisch neighborhood, said her son’s classes have had more than 30 students in them. When the children are so young and active — and when they come into classrooms at so many different skill levels — “the teachers can’t handle 30 kids in one class,” she told the board.

Alderman Sue Garza, a former counselor, accompanied Hernandez. She also spoke before the board about classroom overcrowding — worrying aloud that, in some grades at one school in particular, the number of students exceeded the building’s fire codes. (Board chair Frank Clark said a district team would visit the school to ensure compliance fire safety policies.)

While the Chicago Teachers Union aren’t technically allowed to strike over class sizes, the union does have a history of pushing the envelope when it comes to bargaining.

Back in 2012, when the Chicago Teachers Union last went on strike, they ended up being able to secure the first limit on class sizes in 20 years because the district permitted the union to bargain over class size.

They also led a bargaining campaign that included discussion over racial disparities in Chicago education and school closures, arguing that these trends impacted the working conditions of teachers.

“Even if you can’t force an employer to bargain over an issue, you can push them to bargain over the impact of an issue,” Bob Bruno, a labor professor at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, explained.

The Chicago Teachers Union also emerged from its 2012 negotiations with guarantees of additional “wraparound services,” such as access to onsite social workers and school counselors.