Who Is In Charge

Brutal day for education bills

The “kill committees” did their work Wednesday, defeating bills on charter school facilities, state aid for private college students and regulation of school-management firms.

The first two, sponsored by Republicans, died in the Democratic-controlled Senate State Affairs Committee. The third had bipartisan sponsorship but died in the Republican-majority House State Affairs Committee. The two panels are where majority leadership traditionally sends bills they want to stop.

All three bills raised interesting issues and were somewhat controversial, but none were consequential. Their fates were not necessarily a surprise, but for two measures last-minute “hail Mary” amendments created a bit of suspense before the final votes.

Democratic Sens. Rollie Heath of Boulder and Bob Bacon of Fort Collins
Democratic Sens. Rollie Heath of Boulder, chair of Senate State Affairs, and Bob Bacon of Fort Collins, vice chair.

Here are the victims:

– House Bill 11-1055, which would have allowed charter schools to request use of vacant district buildings and appeal to the state if denied, died in the Senate committee on a 2-3 vote.

– House Bill 11-1168, which would have doubled College Opportunity Fund stipends for low-income private college students, was defeated in the same committee by the same vote.

– Senate Bill 11-069, which would have required an existing state study panel to also look into educational management organizations, was killed in the House committee on a 2-5 vote.

The three votes were party line, with Democrats in the majority in the Senate committee and Republicans in the House panel. After the motions to pass the bills failed, all were postponed indefinitely.

Here are the details:

Charter facilities – As originally introduced by freshman Rep. Don Beezley, R-Broomfield, HB 11-1055 would have allowed charter schools to request use of vacant district buildings and land and, if refused, appeal to the Department of Education. If the department ruled a building was suitable for a school, the charter would have received get it rent-free. There was a similar provision giving Charter School Institute schools access to vacant state land and buildings.

The bill was a legislative priority for the Colorado League of Charter Schools but raised concerns among other groups. The House Education Committee amended the bill to take vacant land out of the measure and require charters to pay CDE for the costs of building evaluations.

On the motion of the sponsor, the bill was further changed on the House floor with amendments that took state buildings out of the measure entirely, created an additional appeal process to the State Board of Education by either a charter or district and established an exemption for districts that have long-term facilities plans that include charter schools.

Sen. Nancy Spence, R-Centennial
Sen. Nancy Spence, R-Centennial

In the committee Wednesday, Senate sponsor Sen. Nancy Spence, R-Centennial, offered another amendment that would have set up a process for districts to sell a building even if a charter wanted it, but that wasn’t enough to turn the tide.

Elisabeth Rosen, a lobbyist representing the Colorado Association of School Executives and several other groups, opposed the bill, while a battery of charter school witnesses supported it.

Lindsay Neil, head of Colorado Stand for Children, testified in support of the bill and complained about it being assigned to State Affairs, saying that had undermined her faith in the legislative process.

Vice Chair Sen. Bob Bacon, D-Fort Collins, complained that Spence’s amendment – which actually was written by Sen. Keith King, R-Colorado Springs – “has come in the last hour.” But Bacon committed to working with King and Spence on a possible substitute, compromise bill that might be introduced before the legislative session adjourns.

The measure’s potential impact appeared to be limited. A legislative staff analysis estimates there are 20 vacant buildings in six districts around the state, with an average of 10 new charters opening a year.

College Opportunity Fund stipends – HB 11-1168 would have doubled College Opportunity Fund stipends for low-income private college students. Colorado Christian University wanted the bill; a lobbyist for the University of Denver and Regis University opposed it in testimony Wednesday. They’re the only three schools that would have been covered by the bill. Pell-eligible students at the three schools currently receive 50 percent of the stipend assigned to students at public colleges.

Colorado Christian President Bill Armstrong, a Republican former U.S. senator, urged the committee to pass this bill.

Spence offered a last-minute amendment, also ghost-written by King, that basically would have delayed implementation of the bill until college funding improves, but that was defeated.

Although lobbyists for public colleges didn’t testify, the bill could have had the effect of reducing direct state support of public higher education. In a budget-cutting year that alone would have been enough to doom it.

Education management organizations – SB 11-069 would have directed the Charter School and Charter Authorizer Standards Review Committee to study standards for educational management organizations and whether such organizations should be regulated. It also proposed a definition of such groups and required the Department of Education to post on its website information about such groups active in Colorado.

Sen. Evie Hudak, D-Wetminster
Sen. Evie Hudak, D-Wetminster

Although carried in the House by Rep. Tom Massey, R-Poncha Springs, the bill was the brainchild of Sen. Evie Hudak, D-Westminster. She started out with a bill to regulate such organizations right away but watered that down in the Senate because of opposition.

The three bills joined a list of controversial and/or partisan education proposals already killed this year, including:

  • House Bill 11-1204 – Energy efficient school buildings (Democratic)
  • House Bill 11-1247 – Beverage container deposit to supplement State Education Fund (Democratic)
  • House Bill 11-1270 – Parent trigger bill to close struggling schools (Republican)
  • Senate Bill 11-011 – Student votes on Colorado State University board (Democratic)
  • Senate Bill 11-079 – Requiring districts to study outsourcing of non-instructional services (Republican)

Letter grades for schools make brief appearance

Hudak had a little better luck in the Senate Education Committee Wednesday, which voted 5-3 (another Democratic-Republican split) to pass House Bill 11-1126, of which she’s the Senate prime sponsor.

The bill would require parent notification and meetings at schools that have been designated by Department of Education for improvement, priority improvement or turnaround plans because of inadequate student growth.

Spence said parents don’t understand those labels and proposed an amendment that would assign letters grades to such schools C for improvement, D for priority improvement and F for turnaround. The idea of letter grades is popular in some education circles, and they are used in some states.

The amendment was defeated, but Sen. Mike Johnston, D-Denver, said, “Leave it to Sen. Spence to raise a big and very important idea.” Johnston said some of his education policy wonk friends don’t understand Colorado’s accountability categories, adding, “I think Sen. Spence is on to a very important idea that we should discuss at length” – later.

Sen. Keith King, R-Colorado Springs
Sen. Keith King, R-Colorado Springs

Hudak got even more trouble from King, who said her bill was out of sync with the state’s schedule for release, appeal, review and implementation of school improvement plans. He proposed an amendment, which was defeated, but vowed to raise the issue again on the floor.

Hudak got a little testy about the debate, at one point saying she “strongly urged” her committee colleagues to resist all amendments. Other members chuckled.

The committee voted 8-0 to pass Senate Bill 11-173, a watered-down bill that requires fire inspectors to inquire about school district progress in implementing all-hazard drills and installing communications systems that link to emergency response agencies.

Sponsor Sen. Steve King, R-Grand Junction, has been a tireless crusader for school safety but has run up against school district resistance to mandates with this and previous pieces of legislation.

He vented a bit in his final remarks, saying, “I think there are school administrators who don’t understand our passion on this issue. … Until they look into the open eyes of a dead child, they never will.”

He warned that the next Columbine tragedy “is not a question of if, it’s a question of when and how bad.”

In other action – and inaction

The House Wednesday gave 48-17 final approval to House Bill 11-1254, the measure that updates the state’s definition of bullying and creates a donation-funded grant program for anti-bullying programs.

The Joint Budget Committee did not make final decisions on balancing its proposed 2011-12 budget and meets again Thursday. The budget bill is scheduled to be introduced next Monday but may have to be delayed because the committee hasn’t reached a decision. The committee’s decision will have an important influence on the size of education budget cuts next year.

saying goodbye

Here’s how the local and national education communities are responding to Boasberg’s exit

PHOTO: Melanie Asmar
Denver Superintendent Tom Boasberg addresses teachers at an early literacy training session.

As the news of Tom Boasberg’s departure ricocheted through the local and national education community, critics and champions of the Denver schools superintendent sounded off.

Here’s a roundup of comments from teachers, parents, school board members past and present, elected officials, and some of Boasberg’s colleagues.

Alicia Ventura, teacher

“I am shocked! I understand his decision as I have one (child) grown and out of the house and one in middle school. Time with our children is short and precious! I will always remember how fun and open-minded Tom was. He would do anything for children and truly lived the students first vision! We will miss you!”

Michael Hancock, Denver mayor and Denver Public Schools graduate

“I am saddened that DPS Superintendent Tom Boasberg will be stepping down but full of gratitude for his close partnership with the city on behalf of Denver’s kids and families. As a DPS graduate and a DPS parent, I know firsthand that Tom has led DPS with integrity and commitment. His focus on success for all kids has greatly improved our schools and provided better opportunities for all students to live their dreams.

“We have much work still to do in DPS, but we have an incredible foundation for moving forward and we are committed to continuing in partnership with the next DPS leader.”

Corey Kern, deputy executive director, Denver Classroom Teachers Association

“We were a little surprised by it ourselves. For us, we obviously wish Tom the best. The big focus for us is making sure the selection process for the next superintendent is something that is fair and transparent and open to the public; that it’s not a political appointment but talking to all stakeholders about who is the best person for the job for the students in Denver.”

Anne Rowe, president, Denver school board

“He has given … 10 years to this district as superintendent, and it is an enormous role, and he has given everything he has. … My reaction was, ‘I understand,’ gratitude, a little surprised but not shocked, certainly, and understand all the good reasons why he has made this decision.

“With change, there is always some uncertainty, and yet I look at the people here and their dedication to the kids in DPS and I have full confidence in these folks to continue driving forward while the board takes on the responsibility to select the next superintendent. We won’t miss a beat, and we have a lot of work to do for kids.”

Jeannie Kaplan, former school board member critical of the district’s direction

“I was very surprised. … I wish Tom well. I still do believe that working together is the way to get things done. I’m sorry we weren’t able to do that.

“My one hope would be that one of the primary criteria for the next leader of the district would be a belief in listening to the community – not just making the checkmark, but really listening to what communities want.”

John Hickenlooper, Colorado governor and former Denver mayor

“Tom Boasberg has invested a significant part of his life into transforming Denver Public Schools into one of the fastest-improving school districts in America. As a DPS parent, former mayor, and now governor, I am deeply grateful for the progress made under Tom’s leadership. I applaud Tom and Team DPS for driving the innovations that are creating a brighter future for tens of thousands of young people in every corner of the city.”

U.S. Senator Michael Bennet, who preceded Boasberg as Denver superintendent from 2005 to 2009 and has known him since childhood

“As a DPS parent, I thank him for his commitment, his compassion, and his extraordinary tenure. As Tom always says himself, we have a long way to go, but his transformational leadership has resulted in extraordinary progress over the past 10 years. Our student achievement has substantially increased, the number of teachers and other school personnel serving our children has grown tremendously, and the school choices available to children and their families have never been greater.”

Bennet also penned an op-ed in The Denver Post with this headline:

Ariel Taylor Smith, former Denver Public Schools teacher and co-founder of Transform Education Now, a nonprofit that focuses on improving schools through parent advocacy

“I was a teacher during Tom’s first half of his tenure at DPS and was amazed at how often he would walk the halls of North High School during our turnaround. Tom has dedicated 10 years to this work and for that I am grateful. I also believe that we have a long way to go to getting where we need to be. I believe that we are ready for new leadership who operates with the sense of urgency that we need to see in our city. There are 35,000 students who are attending ‘red’ and ‘orange’ (low-rated) schools in our city right now. One out of every three third-graders is reading on grade level. We need a new leader with a clear vision for the future and an evident sense of urgency to ensure that all our kids are receiving the education that they deserve.”

Brandon Pryor, parent and member Our Voice Our Schools, a group critical of the district

“You have a number of people he works with that are reformers. They think he’s leaving an awesome legacy and he did a lot to change and meet needs of the reformist community. You ask them and I’m sure his legacy will be great. But if you come to my community and ask some black folks what Tom Boasberg’s legacy will be, they’ll tell you something totally different.

“I think he has time with this last three months in office to follow through with some of the promises he’s made us (such as upgrades to the Montbello campus) to improve his situation.”

Jules Kelty, Denver parent

“He personally responded to an email that I sent him about my school. I appreciated that.”

Van Schoales, CEO of the pro-reform advocacy group A Plus Colorado

“On the one hand, I’m not surprised. And on the other hand, I’m surprised.

“I’m not surprised because he’s had a track record of pretty remarkable service for a decade, which is amazing. Nobody else has done that. The district has improved pretty dramatically. He deserves a great deal of credit for that. …The surprise is that we’ve all become so used to him being the superintendent, it’s just a little weird (to think of him leaving).”

Lisa Escárcega, executive director, Colorado Association of School Executives

“Tom’s longstanding commitment and service to DPS have made a significant impact on the district. He is strongly focused on ensuring student equity, and the district has seen improvement in several areas over the last 10 years under his superintendency. Tom is a strong and innovative leader, and I know he will be missed by the DPS community and his colleagues.”

John King, former U.S. Secretary of Education

“Under Tom Boasberg’s leadership for the past decade, Denver Public Schools has made remarkable academic progress and has become one of the most innovative school districts in the country. Tom has brought tremendous urgency and a deep commitment to closing both opportunity and achievement gaps for students of color and those from low-income backgrounds. For many school districts throughout the country, Denver’s innovative and collaborative approaches serve as a valuable model.”

Katy Anthes, state education commissioner

“I’ve appreciated working with Tom over the years and know that his personal commitment to students is incredibly strong. I thank Tom for his service to the students of DPS and Colorado.”

Mike Magee, CEO of Chiefs for Change, a national group of district and state superintendents 

“Tom Boasberg is an extraordinary leader who has dedicated his life to expanding opportunities for all of Denver’s children. During his tenure, the district has made remarkable gains on virtually every measure of progress. Denver Public Schools is a national model for innovation, district-charter collaboration, and teacher and school leader support. Every decision Tom has made over the course of his career has been focused on helping students succeed. No one is more respected by their peers. As a member of the Chiefs for Change board and in countless other ways Tom has supported education leaders across the nation. He leaves not just an impressive legacy but an organization of talented people committed to equity and excellence.”

David Osborne, author of the book “Reinventing America’s Schools,” which included chapters on Denver’s efforts

Share your thoughts on Boasberg’s exit here:

reading list

These 12 stories help define Tom Boasberg’s tenure leading Denver’s schools

PHOTO: Chalkbeat File Photo
Denver Public Schools Superintendent Tom Boasberg, center, with Denver Mayor Michael Hancock and a DPS student on the opening day of school in 2011.

Tom Boasberg, who today announced his plans to step down as Denver’s schools superintendent, leaves behind nearly a decade of high-profile debates and decisions that reshaped the city’s public school system and made plenty of local and national headlines.

For years, Boasberg’s tenure featured sharp political divides among the city’s school board. His school improvement efforts, notably in the city’s Far Northeast neighborhood, garnered mixed results for students. And his embrace of nontraditional school management, the so-called “portfolio model,” has earned him national praise.

Here’s a chronological look back at a dozen stories that defined his nearly decade of leading Denver Public Schools.

Denver Public Schools “therapy” forges progress

In 2009, at a daylong meeting attended by Denver school board members, Boasberg, and a therapist, the superintendent and the board appeared to forge closer ties after a divisive school board election. The session at the tony Broadmoor Hotel included coaching board members and Boasberg through some difficult conversations about their respective roles – and Boasberg’s job security.

More shared campuses, still controversial

One of the first waves of school reform policies the district embraced was locating multiple schools on one campus. While Boasberg didn’t start the district’s practice of placing charter and district-run schools on shared sites, his administration did continue it — much to the dismay of some schools’ staff and community members.

Boasberg’s school improvement efforts in Far Northeast Denver take off

One of the superintendent’s earliest — and most ambitious — school turnaround strategies was to overhaul schools in the city’s Far Northeast neighborhood. The neighborhood, which serves a majority of black and Latino students, had the highest concentration of the city’s lowest-performing schools.

Boasberg: Manual’s shortcomings are my responsibility

No school in Denver has been subject to more improvement efforts — by multiple superintendents — than storied Manual High School. After some minor improvements, the school took a turn for the worse and by 2014 was once again the city’s lowest-performing school. After dismissing the school’s principal, Boasberg took ownership of the school’s downfall.

Denver Public Schools ‘ahead of the curve’ with proposed facilities policy

After years of opening and closing numerous schools, DPS began to formalize the process. One of its first stabs at systematizing its “portfolio model” was a facilities policy. The policy, which applies to both charter and district schools, would tie placement decisions to schools’ academic performance, student enrollment patterns, and other district priorities.

Why Denver Superintendent Tom Boasberg landed an unprecedented six-month break

In January of 2016, Boasberg took off for six months with his family for a trip to Latin America. The uncommon stability of Denver Public Schools made his respite possible, observers said.

Denver Superintendent Tom Boasberg’s vision for giving more power to schools, annotated

Denver Public Schools has long strived to be more decentralized and less top-down. More than a year after the school board granted school leaders more autonomy, Boasberg penned a document detailing how he envisions the district should function under that philosophy. Here we explain and provide context for Boasberg’s memo.

Efforts to better integrate Denver middle schools proving tough, analysis finds

One way Boasberg and Denver Public Schools attempted to fight school segregation was the creation of “enrollment zones.” The idea was that extending boundaries and asking students to choose from several schools within them would increase integration in a gentrifying city where many neighborhoods are segregated. But there was little evidence of success six years in.

Inside the rocky rollout of Denver Public Schools’ new school closure policy

Another policy Boasberg and the Denver school board created to guide its portfolio strategy was the “School Performance Compact.” Boasberg insisted the school closure policy was not the leading strategy to try to achieve the district’s improvement goals. The policy, he said, took a back seat to initiatives such as better coaching for teachers and improved reading instruction for young students. Instead, Boasberg described the policy as “a little bit of a safety mechanism” to be used when “these strategies don’t work and where over a period of time, kids are showing such low growth that we need to have a more significant intervention.”

Denver Public Schools retooling equity measure, presses forward on scoring schools

Denver’s well-established – and sometimes controversial – school rating system got an update in 2017 when the district added a new “equity measure.” Despite some pushback from school leaders, Boasberg and the district pushed forward with scoring schools based on how well they closed the gap between students who performed well on state tests (usually white and middle-class) and those who didn’t (usually black and Latino from low-income homes.)

Denver schools chief: Removing DACA protections for undocumented immigrants would be ‘catastrophic’

Boasberg took on a new role in the Trump era. The typically reserved superintendent regularly sought to reassure students, parents, and his own employees that he would protect them from any apparent overreach by the new administration. He also regularly spoke out in favor of Congress protecting the so-called Dreamers, undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children. “Our schools and our community are strengthened by our city’s rich diversity and open arms,” Boasberg said. “The DACA program has helped bring wonderfully talented and critically needed teachers to our classrooms and has provided peace of mind and legal status to thousands of immigrant children and families who make our city and our schools great.”

Large achievement gaps in Denver highlighted by new national test data

Despite years of change, Denver’s achievement gap has barely budged. That fact was reinforced earlier this year after DPS received its scores from the tests known as “the nation’s report card.” At the time Boasberg said the latest scores confirmed the district needed to continue to focus on closing its gaps. He repeated his concern about the gaps when he discussed his exit with Chalkbeat.