who rules the schools

Next step for bill that would let Indiana’s governor choose its schools chief: the governor’s signoff

PHOTO: Shaina Cavazos
Gov. Eric Holcomb address lawmakers and the public during his State of the State Address earlier this year. Today, he signed off on Indiana's ESSA plan.

Just one hurdle remains before the process to pick Indiana’s schools chief sees a major change going forward: approval by the person whose successor would get to make the pick.

Gov. Eric Holcomb is expected to sign a bill that switches the state superintendent from an elected position to an appointed position, after the Indiana House voted Tuesday to agree with changes made by the Senate to the original proposal. That proposal was a major part of Holcomb’s legislative agenda.

The changes introduce a residency requirement and qualifications for the position, as well as delays the appointment until 2025.

The House approved House Bill 1005 by a 66-31 vote. House Speaker Brian Bosma, the bill’s author, said that while he preferred the original bill — where appointment would have began in 2021 and no constraints would be put on the superintendent candidate — he understood why the Senate made the changes it did.

“It’s the right policy,” Bosma said. “Now is the planning time for those who would seek the office.”

Bosma said current state Superintendent Jennifer McCormick didn’t fully support the 2021 start date because the prospect of jobs disappearing with a leadership change in a few years could affect her ability to hire a “strong staff” at the education department now. The change to a 2025 start date would allow her to seek a second term.

The new bill also introduces qualifications for the position. In addition to living in Indiana for at least two years prior to an appointment, the secretary of education candidate would also be required to:

  • Demonstrate “personal and professional leadership success, preferably in the administration of public education.”
  • Have an advanced degree, preferably in education or educational administration.
  • Hold, or have previously held, a license to be a teacher, principal of superintendent, or otherwise be employed as such for at least five years before taking office.
  • Have five years of working experience as an executive in the education field.

Rep. Ed DeLaney, a Democrat from Indianapolis, co-authored the bill to make the superintendent position appointed. But he ultimately voted against it, along with most House Democrats and three Republicans. He said he was concerned about pushing the timeline back and putting the qualifications in place. He also wondered if lawmakers wouldn’t just come back next year and change the start date anyway.

“If we need to have an appointed superintendent, we need it now, not four years from now,” DeLaney said. “We’re tying the hands of a governor eight years in the future.”

For background, check out these Chalkbeat stories:

meet the candidates

These candidates are running for Detroit school board. Watch them introduce themselves.

Nine candidates are vying for two seats on Detroit's school board in November. Seven submitted photos.

One candidate tells of a childhood in a house without heat.

Another describes the two-hour commute he made to high school every day to build a future that would one day enable him to give back to Detroit.

A third says her work as a student activist inspired her to run for school board as a recent high school grad.

These candidates are among nine people vying for two seats up for grabs on Detroit’s seven-member school board on Nov. 6. That includes one incumbent and many graduates of the district.

Chalkbeat is partnering with Citizen Detroit to present a school board candidate forum Thursday, Sept. 20 from 5:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m., at IBEW Local 58, 1358 Abbott St., Detroit.

Participants will have the opportunity to meet each candidate and ask questions in a speed-dating format.

In anticipation of that event, Citizen Detroit invited each of the candidates to make a short video introducing themselves to voters. Seven candidates made videos.

Watch them here:

School safety

Report lists litany of failings over police in Chicago schools

PHOTO: Scott Olson/Getty Images
Police officers stand alongside Lake Shore Drive in August as protesters decry violence and lack of investment in African-American neighborhoods and schools

The Chicago Police Department doesn’t adequately screen and train the officers it assigns to Chicago Public Schools, and their roles in schools are poorly defined, according to a sharply critical report released today by the Office of Inspector General Joseph Ferguson.

The report lists a litany of failings, including basic administration: There is no current agreement between the police department and the district governing the deployment of school resource officers, or SROs, and neither the schools nor the police even have a current list of the officers working in schools this year.

The inspector general’s report also mentions several sets of SRO resources and best practices created and endorsed by the federal government, then notes that Chicago hasn’t adopted any of them. “CPD’s current lack of guidance and structure for SROs amplifies community concerns and underscores the high probability that students are unnecessarily becoming involved in the criminal justice system, despite the availability of alternate solutions,” says the report.

Chalkbeat reported in August about incidents in which SROs used batons and tasers on students while intervening in routine disciplinary matters.

Scrutiny of SROs is nothing new, and is part of the broader CPD consent decree brokered this week between Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan. That agreement calls for better training and vetting of SROs, as well as a clearer delineation of their roles on campuses—including a prohibition against participating in routine school discipline — beginning with the 2019-20 school year.

Read more: How the police consent decree could impact Chicago schools

But the report from Ferguson’s office says that the consent decree doesn’t go far enough. It chastises police for not pledging to include the community in the creation of its agreement with the school district, nor in the establishment of hiring guidelines; and for not creating a plan for evaluating SROs’ performance, among other recommendations. In addition, the report criticizes the police department for delaying the reforms until the 2019-20 school year. A draft of the inspector general’s report was given to the police department in early August in hopes that some of the issues could be resolved in time for the school year that began last week. The police department asked for an extension for its reply.