Great Divide

Upper West Side parents gather to tackle middle-school integration

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
P.S. 199 (left) is a top-ranked school surrounded by pricey residential buildings. P.S. 191, which serves many students from the Amsterdam Houses (far right), has struggled with low test scores.

The contentious rezoning of elementary schools on the Upper West Side drew citywide attention to the challenges of integrating schools in a district that includes both affluent high-rise buildings and public housing. Now community members in the area are turning their attention to another integration battlefield: middle schools.

The Community Education Council in District 3, which includes the Upper West Side and parts of Harlem, hosted a symposium Thursday night focused on middle school diversity. It featured a panel of integration advocates and experts, including Jill Bloomberg, principal of Park Slope Collegiate, a secondary school; David Goldsmith, president of District 13’s Community Education Council; and Jeff Young, former superintendent of the Cambridge, Mass. school system.

In elementary school, students are assigned to schools based on where they live, but in District 3 and several others districts across the city, students can apply to different middle schools across the district. Yet, despite that freedom, the middle schools in District 3 remain deeply divided along racial and socioeconomic lines.

It’s no secret that school choice is not always an antidote to segregation. The city’s system of universal high school choice has not desegregated schools, nor that happened in other middle school choice districts, or when the city “dezoned” a district on the Lower East Side.

In some cases, that is likely due to the barriers schools use to shape their student bodies — like requiring students to submit test scores or projects, or come to open houses — all of which advantage those with the savvy to work the system.

Still, the influence of those obstacles on school segregation has been a relatively small part of the conversation. When asked at a press conference Thursday about how high school choice can lead to extreme academic sorting, Mayor Bill de Blasio jumped to an explanation that involved housing segregation — even though prospective high school students can apply to any school in the city.

“The history of our city, the geography, all sorts of other things that have determined how we are shaped today,” de Blasio said. “We cannot change the basic reality of housing in New York City.”

But the panelists Thursday spoke about ways to address middle school segregation — from personal appeals to district-wide plans. Here are three significant moments from the event:

Jill Bloomberg, principal of Park Slope Collegiate, on how she spoke with parents of new students when integrating schools

So in 2011, 10 somewhat trepidatious, white middle-class families came into our school. And we had said from the beginning, “You are welcome in our school.” And … there was zero discussion of what we are going to do for you. We said, “Here’s what we do for the kids who are here. We think it’s amazing. You are welcome to join us.”

So there were lots of questions about safety, which are really very coded questions about race and racism. We assured them that their kids would be fine.

They wanted to meet the teachers. They wanted to see the classes. There were lots of discussions of, “How’s my child going to learn next to this child who doesn’t look like him and I’m assuming isn’t as bright?” I’m just going to put it out there. So we just said, “Look, the kids here are just as bright as your kids and we’re going to teach them exactly the same way.”

David Goldsmith, president of CEC 13, on what he’s learned from trying to integrate District 13 about the importance of looking at the system as a whole

You cannot plan for success for some kids, or one school, and not plan for success for all the schools. So we decided very quickly that single-school models for set-asides was not fair, and it’s not what we were interested in. We would create these little Shangri-Las of these beautiful little high-performing schools that were diverse and all that. Meanwhile, all the rest of the schools got squat. And that wasn’t our plan, so we went districtwide.

Jeff Young on why parents have to be receptive to integration before you can enlist them

I just think the framing of the question of “How do you convince somebody to do something?” is problematic. How do you convince a kid to eat broccoli? You can tell them that it’s good for you. It tastes good, trust me. Or whatever kinds of things we say to kids to make them eat broccoli. But they have to kind of want to try the broccoli … If I had some little laminated 3 x 5 card that I could give you that say, “Say these three things and you’ll convince people,” I’d be happy to hand you such a card. But I just don’t think it exists.

Tough talk

State ed officials rip into ‘insulting’ SUNY charter proposal and ‘outrageous’ Success Academy chair

PHOTO: Monica Disare
State Education Commissioner MaryEllen Elia and Board of Regents Chancellor Betty Rosa

The state’s top two education officials did not pull punches at a panel Wednesday that touched on everything from last weekend’s racist violence in Charlottesville to recent charter school debates.

State Education Commissioner MaryEllen Elia took an uncharacteristically combative position against SUNY’s proposal to let some charter schools certify their own teachers — arguing it would denigrate the teaching profession and is not in the best interest of children.

“I could go into a fast food restaurant and get more training than that,” Elia said about the proposal, which would require 30 hours of classroom instruction for prospective teachers. “Think about what you would do. Would you put your children there?”

Board of Regents Chancellor Betty Rosa denounced Success Academy’s board chair, Daniel Loeb, whose racially inflammatory comment about state Senate Democratic Leader Andrea Stewart-Cousins drew headlines, and pointedly referred to New York City officials’ reluctance to talk about school segregation.

Wednesday’s conversation was sprawling, but its discussion of race and education had a particular urgency against the national backdrop of Charlottesville — and the president’s reluctance to denounce neo-Nazis and white supremacists in its aftermath.

The following are some of the most charged moments of the panel, held at the Museum of Jewish Heritage and hosted by City & State:

Segregation — “you’ve got to name it”

In response to a question about New York City’s diversity plan, which was widely criticized for not using the word “segregation,” Rosa suggested the city should have gone further.

“We committed to, as a department and as a Board of Regents, [the] notion of naming it,” Rosa said, referring to the state’s draft integration statement, which referred to New York schools as the most segregated in the country. “You’ve got to name it.”

Elia chimed in too, tying integration to the recent events in Charlottesville.

“I would say the last six days have pointed out to all of us that, clearly, this is something that must be on the agenda,” Elia said.

Dan Loeb — “absolutely outrageous”

Loeb ignited a firestorm over the past week with a Facebook post that said people like Stewart-Cousins, an African-American New York State Senator he called loyal to unions, have caused “more damage to people of color than anyone who has ever donned a hood” — an apparent reference to the Ku Klux Klan. (He has since taken down the post and apologized.)

Rosa strongly condemned the comments in the same breath as she denounced the violence in Charlottesville, and said children of color at Success Academy would be “better served” without Loeb leading the board.

“I am outraged on every single level,” she said. “Comparing the level of commitment of an African-American woman that has given her time and her commitment and dedication, to compare her to the KKK. That is so absolutely outrageous.”

Elia seemed to pick up on another part of Loeb’s statement, which referred to “union thugs and bosses.”

“For anyone to think that we can be called thugs,” Elia said. “People [do] not realize the importance of having a quality teacher in front of every child.”

SUNY proposal — “insulting”

SUNY Charter Schools Institute released a proposal in July that would allow some charter schools to certify their own teachers. The certification would require at least 30 hours of classroom instruction and 100 hours of teaching experience under the supervision of an experienced teacher.

But as the requirements currently stand, both Elia — who compared the training to that of fast food workers — and Rosa took aim.

“No other profession, not the lawyers who are sitting in that SUNY Institute, would accept that in their own field. So if you don’t accept it for your very own child, and you don’t accept it for your very own profession, then you know what? Don’t compromise my profession. I think it’s insulting,” Rosa said.

Joseph Belluck, the head of SUNY’s charter school committee, said earlier this month that the committee is considering revising those requirements before the draft comes to the board for a vote. But he fired back after Rosa and Elia bashed the proposal on Wednesday.

“Commissioner Elia and Chancellor Rosa are proponents of the status quo,” Belluck said in an emailed statement. They have “no substantive comments on our proposal — just slinging arrows. Today, they even denigrated the thousands of fast food workers who they evidently hold in low esteem.”

on the record

Eva Moskowitz sends letter calling Success board chair’s comments ‘indefensible’ — but also defending his record

PHOTO: Monica Disare
Eva Moskowitz, founder and CEO of Success Academy

In response to widespread criticism of a racial comment made by Success Academy’s chairman, the leader of the charter network, Eva Moskowitz, sent a letter Tuesday to parents, teachers and staff.

In the letter, Moskowitz used strong language to condemn Daniel Loeb’s comments. On Facebook last week, Loeb wrote that Andrea Stewart-Cousins, an African-American state senator whom he called loyal to unions, does “more damage to people of color than anyone who ever donned a hood” — an apparent reference to the Ku Klux Klan. Loeb later apologized and deleted the comment.

In today’s letter, Moskowitz called the comments “indefensible,” “insensitive” and “hurtful,” a more aggressive rebuke than her previous statement.

Yet she also defended Loeb’s track record in the letter, pointing out his commitment to Success and various social causes. A spokeswoman for Success Academy confirmed that Loeb remains the board’s chairman.

The racist violence that ensued this past weekend in Charlottesville put an even more damaging spin on his comments. At a rally Monday to support Stewart-Cousins, the Senate’s minority leader, she made the connection between her situation and the events in Charlottesville.

“That is extremely hurtful given the legacy, certainly, of people of color — my ancestors,” said Stewart-Cousins. “We all got a chance to see it in Charlottesville, what that represents.”

Moskowitz made a veiled reference to the weekend’s events in the letter, saying that engaging students is “all the more important in the face of the broader trauma and crisis we are facing as a country.”

Here is the full text of the letter: