Shelby County mayor Mark Luttrell speaks on education, jobs

Mayor Mark H. Luttrell, Jr. was a teacher before he became Shelby County’s director of corrections, its sheriff, and, in 2010, its mayor. Luttrell, a Republican, was a member of the Transition Planning Commission that helped merge legacy Memphis City Schools and legacy Shelby County Schools into one district.

Shelby County Mayor Mark H. Luttrell.
Shelby County Mayor Mark H. Luttrell.

Chalkbeat Tennessee sat down with Mayor Luttrell and got his take on the new merged school district, how education ties into public health and the justice system, and on some of his hopes for the city.

On the connection between jobs and education: 

Education impacts homelessness, impacts poverty, impacts health, impacts crime, impacts economic development – they’re all interrelated.

I’m a big proponent of creating jobs. Our unemployment is higher than state and national average by about a percentage point. We are making incremental progress. But what we’ve discovered is, the issue’s not so much jobs as people qualified to do the jobs. That’s where education comes in…

I visited a medical device company, and many of those jobs on the floor…just require being able to read a blueprint and do high-school level math. We’re focusing on how can we get those basic skill sets in place.

On charter schools and the state-run Achievement School District. 

What I’m seeing in education gives me a great deal of hope: Charter schools, the Achievement Schools, the progress that’s being made in the school system.

…When I look at the Achievement Schools, I think, if I were a student, I want to be in one of those schools. They’re aggressive and pretty progressive. Some of them are wearing those suits and ties…Chris [Barbic, the head of the ASD] is a dynamo.

On how the merger improved Shelby County Schools, and his hopes for collaboration: 

I think the reality is, we have to shake things up a little bit, we have to do something different than what’s been done. I think the merging of the school systems, which did not come about through altruistic reasons – it came about because of political plays – gave us an opportunity to reflect on where we are and to take the opportunity to improve.

There are so many things that could be done to make this whole system [the county’s schools] work better, if we do indeed make a very diverse system, or very diverse systems, unified and municipal  – if we use it as an opportunity to build collaborative services.

I think there are tremendous opportunities to look for shared services.

On local control and the municipalities:

I have no problem with the concept of local control, responsibility at the local level. That’s more the trend nationally than the megasystem. I think the universe is such that you can have multiple school systems in the same county. But it can’t be racially motivated…

I’ve discussed with municipal leaders their desire to have a diverse school system. If this leads to more diversity and collaboration throughout the school system, the merger is going to work.

On big changes: 

What we’re going through is a pretty radical transition. It’s not going to be seamless – there’s usually several years of transition. There’s always resistance.

Education commissioner Huffman is doing pretty innovative things, governor [Bill] Haslam is doing innovative things…I think the NAEP scores are an affirmation of changes that are taking place.

On Memphians’ generosity: 

Memphians can be harder on themselves than anyone else. This is a very generous community.

For example, every year, a group invites all the homeless people in the city to go to the convention center to receive services…And sometimes we have more volunteers than we have homeless. That generosity – that gives me a great deal of hope.

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at cbauman@chalkbeat.org.

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede