Future of Schools

A Success principal’s case for closing school and going to Albany

Success Academy Harlem Central Principal Andrew Malone is invoking the Civil Rights Movement in rallying parents to fight for their school’s the continued right to operate in public space.

In a nearly-1,000 word letter to parents sent this morning, Malone writes that “our school has become the political target” of Mayor Bill de Blasio’s administration, which last week cancelled space-sharing plans for two new Success Academy charter schools and for Harlem Central to continue expanding into seventh and eighth grades. He sent the letter out this morning, a day before thousands of charter school supporters, many of which will come from Success schools, travel to Albany for a high-profile rally for more support from the state legislature.

“I believe that the only way to advance is to leverage great teaching as a form of political action, and to, at the same time, leverage political action as a defense of great teaching,” Malone writes. “We need both kinds of Freedom Rides.”

The letter was also sent as Success schools face criticism from local lawmakers around CEO Eva Moskowitz’s decision to close schools for the advocacy day, which she has done before, most recently for a citywide rally in October. City Council Education Committee Chair Daniel Dromm has called a hearing to probe the practice.

A full copy of Malone’s letter is below:

To my Harlem Central family: 

One September afternoon in eighth grade, I hauled my oversized backpack to the public library to begin a research project that would end up changing my life. I was studying the 1961 Freedom Rides. As I read about the Rides – a series of nonviolent protests in which hundreds of Americans rode integrated buses through the segregated South – I became completely engrossed. For the next nine months, I trekked from library to library, searching for Greyhound buses in photographs, articles, and films. I saw vehicles engulfed in flames; I read about hostile crowds waiting at terminals; I watched police handcuff riders and escort them to jail. I was shocked, and felt shamefully naïve. I was a sheltered, suburban child, and none of this history fit into my rosy understanding of the world. But along with shock came inspiration. I promised myself that I would dedicate my life to fighting injustice; that I, too, would be a Freedom Rider.

That adolescent vow proved powerful. Where other childhood dreams (astronaut, Supreme Court Justice, “the next Tom Hanks”) fell to the wayside, my commitment to social justice stayed strong. But it also stayed fairly abstract, until I began teaching acting workshops in Boston public schools during college. These schools were terrible. They were nothing like the schools I had known growing up. The disparity really haunted me, and I began to see education inequality as a civil rights issue. Over the next four years, I would come to believe that education inequality was the civil rights issue of our time. Building great schools and classrooms for every child in America – this was our Freedom Ride. So after graduation, I set out to teach.

Since then, I have been lucky enough to seek justice through pedagogy. Working hard to become a better teacher, and then to become a better school leader; this was the nature of the fight. I felt so fortunate that I could pursue justice by debating the best way to teach a poem, the best way to tackle equivalent fractions. By moving kids and teachers to compelling educational outcomes; by creating proof points of academic success in neighborhoods that had for decades been plagued by academic failure; by providing concrete opportunities to kids and families without the economic means to choose their schools and zip codes; by doing all of that through outstanding instruction; that was the nature of my Freedom Ride.

Thursday has changed all of that. Our school has become a political target despite our incredible academic achievements. Our scholars are 100 percent minority, 80 percent low-income. They attend schools in a neighborhood where district schools are failing, posting an average pass rate of five percent last year. Five percent. Yet, our scholars perform as well or better than Westchester and Scarsdale. In 2012, our scholars ranked number one in Manhattan for academic achievement. In 2013, they ranked number one in the state in mathematics. But Thursday, our mayor announced his intent to shut us down.

And so, the nature of the Freedom Ride has changed. It’s not enough, apparently, to build Harlem’s top-performing middle school. Pedagogic advocacy – achieving change through great teaching and learning – is sadly, and unjustly, not enough.

It is impossible to comprehend. It is 2014. Fifty years have passed since LBJ signed the Civil Rights Act into law. Yet the Mayor of New York City is trying to shut down a high-performing school serving low-income students. A Mayor who purports to advocate for low-income families. The hypocrisy is baffling and infuriating.

But of course, the hardest part of this all, is that it is happening to us. It is Laminu and Serea, Vakaba and Amanda, Kwame and Kayla, Jayden and Tiayna, Sharron and Staci. Our actors, artists, dancers, basketball players, computer scientists, chess prodigies. Our community, which we have worked so tirelessly to build, which is full of so much concrete success among so much genuine love.

This, for me, is a very hard reality to accept. In the face of large scale injustice – the lack of logic, the blatant hypocrisy, the backwards history – we are the ones who see the impact on the faces and names of real kids and families we know and love. It’s just terrible.

How do we move forward?

I believe that the only way to advance is to leverage great teaching as a form of political action, and to, at the same time, leverage political action as a defense of great teaching. We need both kinds of Freedom Rides.

We must be incredible educators and advocates at the same time. Our teaching has to motivate our advocacy while our advocacy inspires our teaching. In the end, it boils down to the same message we offered the scholars: Be inspired.

In the face of Thursday’s announcement, we cannot help broken hearts. But we cannot permit broken resolve. When we overcome this, we will stand proud as the school that forced New York and the United States of America to put children before politics.

I have always believed that there is a moral arc to the universe. And I believe that Harlem Central has been put to this test because our community is strong enough to survive it. We have the talent, the commitment, and most importantly, the love, to overcome this. We are the ones with the power to propel the moral arc forward.

Take a moment to embrace what stands ahead of us. Heed the call to be incredible teachers and incredible advocates as we lead a new Freedom Ride toward the right side of history.

We will get there.



Election Guide

Meet the Newark power players looking to steer this year’s school-board election

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Mayor Ras Baraka is one of three powerful forces backing a slate of candidates considered the leading contenders in this year's school-board race.

One evening last week, excitement surged through the Willing Heart Community Care Center, a charity housed inside a Baptist church near downtown Newark.

Dozens of residents had crowded into the pews for a chance to listen to some of the 13 candidates vying for three open seats on the city’s school board. They understood the high stakes of next month’s election: Newly empowered after two decades under state control, the nine-member board will be responsible for managing the district’s nearly $1 billion budget and choosing a new superintendent.

This group of board members “will be the first set under the newly constituted Board of Education,” said Deborah Smith-Gregory, president of Newark’s NAACP, which hosted the event, as the crowd rumbled with applause. A few moments later, she underscored her point: “This becomes a very, very important election.”

But for all of the election’s significance, it’s hardly expected to be a model of democracy.

Held in April apart from other elections, voter turnout — like school board races across the country — has historically been low. Last year, about 7,500 people cast ballots, or just over 5 percent of registered voters.

And three of the candidates are running on a slate backed by a powerful alliance of Mayor Ras Baraka, North Ward Councilman Anibal Ramos Jr., and the city’s growing charter-school sector. Candidates on that slate — previously dubbed “Newark Unity,” and now called “Moving Newark Schools Forward”  have dominated each election since the alliance formed in 2016.

Charles Love, a former parent organizer who ran in the previous two board elections, said the 10 candidates not on that slate face an uphill climb. Last year, Love had committed volunteers and the backing of a city councilwoman. But he said it was not enough to compete with the political machine behind the Unity slate, which helps its candidates fundraise, knock on doors, produce campaign materials, and prep for debates.

“In a sense, the Unity slate negates the independent candidate — it creates almost zero possibility of you winning,” Love said. “If you try to throw arrows at a tank, you’re going to lose.”

Below is a guide to the power centers behind the slate whose candidates are considered the leading contenders in this year’s election, which takes place April 17. (The deadline to register to vote is March 27.)

A muscular charter sector seeking to mobilize parents

As Newark’s charter-school sector has rapidly expanded to serve about a third of city students, its political ambitions have grown with it. That was made clear by its recent search for the ideal school-board candidate.

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Asia Norton (left) is a kindergarten teacher chosen to represent the charter-school sector in the race.

A coalition of charter-school advocates convened by the Newark Charter School Fund first identified nearly 20 potential candidates last summer. The contenders then participated in individual and group interviews, met current board members, and underwent trainings on how to run for public office. One session was conducted by Democrats for Education Reform, a national pro-charter advocacy group led by Shavar Jeffries, a former Newark school-board member and mayoral candidate.

Finally, the coalition settled on Asia Norton, a Newark parent and kindergarten teacher at KIPP Life Academy charter school.

“We think she is smart, talented, and has the right experience, temperament, and leadership to represent all of the 55,000 kids in Newark,” said Michele Mason, the Newark Charter School Fund’s executive director.

The charter sector began to ramp up its political involvement after Baraka’s election in 2014. During the campaign, he had crusaded against former Superintendent Cami Anderson — whose policies included opening more charter schools — and attacked Jeffries, who enjoyed strong backing by pro-charter forces.

The following year, supporters of the city’s largest charter-school operators, KIPP and North Star Academy, funded a new advocacy group called the Parent Coalition for Excellent Education, or PC2E. The idea was to organize the thousands of Newark parents with children in charters into a potent voting bloc that could push back against critics who wanted to halt the sector’s expansion.

In 2016, PC2E joined the “Newark Unity” slate with Ramos and Baraka – a surprise given that Baraka had sharply criticized Newark’s charters for sapping resources from the district’s traditional public schools. PC2E’s political arm spent heavily on the board races — nearly $208,000 in 2016 and over $174,000 in 2017, according to campaign filings — and its candidates easily won each year. (PC2E has been less active since its executive director resigned in November.)

Now, charter advocates are focused on getting Norton elected. For her part, Norton is emphasizing her local roots — she grew up in the South Ward, and her mother is a Newark public-school teacher — over her charter credentials. At Thursday’s candidate forum, she touted her experience teaching for six years in Newark schools but did not mention that they were charters.

“I don’t view myself as a charter teacher,” Norton told Chalkbeat in an interview before the forum. “I’m a Newark teacher.” She said parents should be able to choose the best schools for their children – whether public, private, or charter.

“That’s what I think makes Newark so rich,” she said, “all the different educational programs that are provided for our children.”

A ‘pragmatic’ mayor running for re-election

Baraka has long been a force in the city’s school-board elections.

The “Children First” slate that he backed as a city councilman and then as mayor won seats in five consecutive elections, according to the election-tracking site Ballotpedia. In many of those races, his candidates battled those on the “For Our Kids” slate, aligned with the powerful North Ward.

So when he joined the Unity slate in 2016, many saw it as a shrewd political move. The alliance allowed him to choose a candidate who stood a strong chance of winning without having to take on the North Ward machine or the well-financed charter sector, whose schools serve a growing number of city residents.

“Mayor Baraka is very astute, he’s very pragmatic,” said Antoinette Baskerville-Richardson, the mayor’s chief education officer. When it came to the board elections, she explained, his options were to “be inclusive or wage a war of finances, organizing, and mobilization.”

This year, his chosen candidate is Dawn Hayes, a City Hall staffer and public-school parent.

According to her campaign biography, she is a former member of the U.S. Air Force and “the first Muslim woman working as a technician for Direct TV.” She is also a member of the Newark Anti-Violence Coalition and president of the Harriet Tubman school’s parent-teacher organization.

Even as Baraka pushes for his slate to win in April, he is looking ahead to May 8, when he is up for reelection. While he is heavily favored in that race, a school-board victory ahead of time would help lend an air of inevitability to the outcome.

“Is it a barometer for the mayoral election?” said Baskerville-Richardson. “I guess so.”

A ward known for its political prowess

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Yambeli Gomez is a city councilman’s aide and former labor organizer chosen for the slate by the North Ward.

When it comes to racking up votes, the North Ward is a well-oiled machine.

It was long under the sway of Steve Adubato Sr., a political powerbroker who founded the North Ward Center in 1970 and one of New Jersey’s first charter schools, Robert Treat Academy, in 1997. Now Councilman Ramos, who ran for mayor in 2014 before dropping out and endorsing Jeffries, is one of the main forces behind the ward’s political operation.

In last year’s school-board election, slate candidates received far more votes in the North Ward than they did anywhere else — including Baraka’s base in the South Ward.

This year, Ramos’ chief of staff, Samuel Gonzalez, is chairing the Moving Newark Schools Forward slate. Ramos himself is bringing its members along as he canvases at churches and community events ahead of his own re-election bid in May.

“We really take the election seriously,” Ramos said about the board race. “We take it as an informal test of our operation.”

The ward’s candidate is Yambeli Gomez, an aide to Councilman At-Large Eddie Osborne.

The daughter of immigrants, Gomez previously was an organizer for campaigns to raise the wages of fast-food workers and expand pre-kindergarten in New York City. Her mother is an organizer for the powerful 32BJ SEIU union.

Introducing herself at last week’s forum, Gomez switched between English and Spanish — a nod to the city’s growing Hispanic population. Consistent with her slate, she sounded a theme of unity.

“I’m running for school board because I was one of those kids who didn’t feel included,” she said. “I want to be able to help and be inclusive.”

call for more

Almost half of Detroit district schools don’t have a gym teacher. Next year, that may change.

Students during PE class at Lyn Knoll Elementary School in 2016 in Aurora, Colorado. (Photo by Helen H. Richardson/The Denver Post)

Since 10-year-old Hezekiah Haynesworth moved to his new school in the Detroit district, he’s always up out of his seat, talking to classmates and getting into trouble.

His mother, Victoria, says he wasn’t always like this. She believes he has nowhere to burn off excess energy because Bagley Elementary doesn’t offer students enough time for gym class or recess.

Bagley Elementary is one of 50 schools in the district without a gym teacher. Out of the 106 schools in the district, only 56 have at least one certified, full-time physical education teacher, according to data obtained by Chalkbeat.

The district employs 68 certified full-time physical education teachers for its student population of 50,875. More than 15,000 Detroit schoolchildren attend a school without a full time physical education teacher.

In Michigan, there are no laws requiring schools to offer recess. As for physical education, schools are required to offer the class, but the amount of time isn’t specified, which means some kids, like Hezekiah, might only go once a month or less.

“He’s had behavior issues, but if he had the gym time there’s different activities he would do to burn off energy,” she said. “They would get that anxiety and fidgetiness out of them.”

Haynesworth might get her wish. Superintendent Nikolai Vitti announced earlier this month that there’s money in the budget to put gym teachers back in schools, along with art and music teachers and guidance counselors next school year, though the budget plan has not yet been approved.

“Not every student is provided an opportunity for physical education or gym” right now, Vitti said at a meeting earlier this month.

The district has almost 200 teacher vacancies, and giving schools money for a gym teacher doesn’t mean a school will be able to hire one.

But Vitti said he has several efforts in the works, like more recruiting trips and better hiring practices, to address the difficulties of finding and bringing in new employees.

Detroit is not the only district that has cut back on physical education teachers in recent years. At a time when schools are heavily judged by how well students perform on math and reading exams, some schools have focused their resources on core subjects, cutting back on the arts and gym and cutting recess to make more time for instruction and test prep. But experts say that approach is short-sighted.

Research on the importance of physical activity in schools has reached a consensus — physical education improves children’s focus and makes them better students.

“Available evidence suggests that mathematics and reading are the academic topics that are most influenced by physical activity,” according to a 2013 federal report.

The link between physical education and improved reading is especially important for the Detroit district. Educators are working in high gear, in part pushed by Vitti, to prepare for the state’s tough new law that will go into effect in 2020, requiring third-graders who don’t read at grade level to be held back.

This year, the Michigan Department of Education has started to include data on physical education in schools into its school scoring system, which allows parents to compare schools. A separate score for physical education might push schools to hire physical education teachers.

Whether the state’s new emphasis on gym class or Vitti’s proposal to place a gym teacher in each district school is enough to put physical activity back in the schools is unclear, but Hezekiah’s mom Victoria desperately hopes it happens.

Hezekiah is given 45 minutes to each lunch, and if he finishes early, he’s allowed to run with the other children who finished early. If he doesn’t eat quickly enough to play, Victoria says she can expect a call about his disruptive behavior.

“I used to think that my son was just a problem — that it was just my problem,” she said. “But it’s a system problem. They don’t have the components they should have in the school.”

See which schools have gym teachers below.