turnaround talk

Carranza stands by NYC’s ‘Renewal’ program for struggling schools, but asks, ‘What’s our theory of action?’

PHOTO: Monica Disare
Chancellor Carranza speaks to students at Orchard Collegiate Academy, which is leaving the Renewal program.

After a week and a half on the job, New York City schools chancellor Richard Carranza said the city needs to be clearer about how it intends to boost performance at struggling schools — a pointed assessment of Mayor Bill de Blasio’s high-profile “Renewal” program.

“What’s our theory of action? I keep asking that question, and I get different answers,” Carranza said about the city’s Renewal schools during an exclusive interview with Chalkbeat Wednesday. “They’re all great answers, but my perspective is you should have one theory of action.”

A “tight, cohesive” theory of action, Carranza said, would spell out exactly what the city’s 78 current Renewal schools are expected to do to improve student performance and what the measures of their success are.

Without clearer guiding principles, he added, “it makes it difficult to talk about what really are the outcomes that we’re looking for. So that’s the work that we’re going to engage in very, very quickly right now.”

Carranza’s remarks represent his most critical public assessment so far of initiatives he has inherited. Still, he said he intends to continue the Renewal program, likely with some changes.

The Renewal programwhich infuses schools with extra social services and academic support and has cost nearly $600 million since 2014, is one of de Blasio’s most high-profile education initiatives. The mayor made an ambitious bet that the city could turn around the city’s lowest-performing schools instead of closing them — the preferred policy under his predecessor.

Carranza’s arrival in New York comes at a delicate moment for the program. De Blasio initially promised that the program would stoke “fast and intense” improvements within three years, yet more than three years later many schools have not shown significant gains. The Renewal program is also without a permanent leader, and the city’s plans for its future have been unclear.

The new chancellor seemed to put some of those questions to rest, saying the education department would continue supporting the program and that he planned to name a new leader to run it — though he declined to offer a timeline.

Carranza also indicated that he is eager to get under the hood of the program, and still has lots of questions about it.

“How are we looking at the curriculum that is being used in these schools and what’s the alignment between the curriculum and how we’re monitoring student progress?” he said. “How are we actually empowering community school approaches in these particular schools?”

Among the questions he wants to answer: whether the education department has been clear with communities about exactly how much progress schools need to make before suffering consequences, including closure.

Parents and teachers have repeatedly criticized the education department for closing Renewal schools that appear to perform better than others that remain open. (City officials have argued that their approach is holistic, making it impossible to set precise cutoffs that make schools eligible for closure.)

“There is a component to Renewal schools that, after a certain number of years, then we either merge, we truncate, we change, we close,” Carranza said. “So, do communities really understand that? I’m not convinced that I have enough information yet that, ‘Yep, we’ve had a robust community involvement, community engagement process. People know what we’re trying to do and how to do it.’”

Renewal isn’t the only area where Carranza said he has questions about how successfully ideas have translated into action at the department he now runs.

“I’m finding evidence that there’s really good work that’s happened already in the department of ed,” he said. “And I’m also finding evidence that not all of that has trickled down yet into the classroom.”

NEW MOMENT

Tennessee’s struggling state-run district just hired the ‘LeBron James’ of school turnaround work

PHOTO: Yalonda M. James/The Commercial Appeal
Sharon Griffin was the first chief of schools for Shelby County Schools. Starting in May, she will be the next leader of Tennessee's state-run district.

In hiring a Memphis native to save its most vulnerable schools, Tennessee is hedging its bets that she can finally get the job done.

Sharon Griffin’s new job is to fix the state’s struggling Achievement School District and use her experience to strengthen the relationships with local districts across the state.

But can she right the ship and make everyone happy?

“I know through my experience and the relationships I’ve built that we cannot only focus and prioritize our work, but strengthen the relationship [between local districts and the state] so all of our schools can be great places of learning,” Griffin said during a conference call this week.

Tennessee’s achievement district started out as the cornerstone of the state’s strategy to improve low performing schools in 2012. It promised to vault the state’s 5 percent of lowest-achieving schools to the top 25 percent within five years. But the district hasn’t produced large academic gains. It’s struggling to attract students and retain high-quality teachers. And local districts don’t like it because the state moved in and took over schools without input.

But as Tennessee works to make its state the national model of school achievement, naming a revered, longtime home-grown leader as point person for school turnaround is seen by many as a jolt of badly needed energy, and a savvy move in a state education system divided into many factions.

“I think it is a game-changer,” said Rep. Raumesh Akbari, D-Memphis, who has championed legislation to refine the achievement district. “The ASD badly needs a strong leader…. She definitely could be the bridge to bring us over troubled water in Tennessee.”


Read more about what Griffin’s hire means for the school district she is leaving behind. 


Education Commissioner Candice McQueen stressed during the call that Griffin’s appointment does not mean state-run schools will return to local control, even as she acknowledged that the district is at a turning point. It’s now the state’s tool of last resort.

“Whether that is transitioning a school back into the district when it is ready or whether it’s to intervene and move a school into the Achievement School District,” McQueen said. “This particular moment is about a person who can lead all of the state interventions as well as the specificity of the ASD.”

For Bobby White, the founder and CEO of a Memphis charter organization in the achievement district, the appointment signals a new chapter ahead. Griffin will directly oversee the district’s 30 charter schools in her new role.

He has been around for the highs and lows of Tennessee’s six-year experiment in state-run turnaround work.

“It feels like we got LeBron James, you know?” said White, who runs Frayser Community Schools. “It feels like she will have a vision and take us where we have been needing to go.”

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Frayser Community Schools CEO Bobby White has seen the highs and lows of the turnaround district.

Part of that vision will be finding new ways for charter schools and local districts to work together. In her roles as assistant commissioner of School Turnaround and chief of the Achievement School District, Griffin will oversee more than just the state-run district. She will have a hand in turnaround efforts across the state, such as a new partnership zone in Chattanooga. In the partnership zone, state and local leaders will work together to create mini-districts that are freed from many local rules.

Griffin stressed earlier this week that building relationships and fostering collaboration are among her top strengths — efforts that the state has failed in as local districts have sparred with state-runs schools over enrollment, facilities, and sharing student contact information.

“We have a level playing field now,” Griffin said. “I want to be clear, it’s not us against them. It’s a chance to learn not only from what ASD has been able to do alongside charter schools, but a chance to learn from each other as we move forward.”

Marcus Robinson, a former Indianapolis charter leader, said Griffin’s dynamic personality will be enough to get the job done.

“Dr. Griffin is magnetic,” said Robinson, who has helped raise money for Memphis schools through the Memphis Education Fund.

“She is the type of person who disarms people because she’s so authentic and genuine,” he said. “But she’s also experienced and wise and she knows school turnaround work.”

Griffin leaves behind a 25-year award-winning career with Shelby County Schools, the local district in Memphis. She has been a teacher and principal. She spearheaded the district’s turnaround work, and now serves as chief of schools. She will start her new role in May and will stay based in Memphis — something community members have long asked for.

Student at Frayser Achievement Academy.
PHOTO: Kyle Kurlick
A student walks through the hall of Frayser Achievement Elementary School, a state-run school.

Steve Lockwood has watched the state’s reform play out in his Memphis neighborhood of Frayser, whose schools were home to some of the first state takeovers.

When the state first started running schools in Frayser, it was with the promise that the academics and culture would improve, said Lockwood, who runs the Frayser Community Development Corporation.

“The ASD has struggled to deliver on their mission,” Lockwood said. “But the last few months have been modestly encouraging. The ASD has seemed willing to admit mistakes and shortcomings.”

Lockwood said he sees Griffin’s appointment as a commitment by the state to bettering relationships in Memphis — and added that he was surprised she signed up.

“It’s a tribute to the ASD that they have enough juice left to attract someone like Dr. Griffin,” Lockwood said.

unforced error

Mayor de Blasio says education department has culture of frivolous harassment complaints

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Mayor Bill de Blasio

A “hyper-complaint dynamic” within the city’s education department explains why so few of the harassment claims made against the agency are substantiated, Mayor Bill de Blasio said Wednesday.

“It’s pretty well known inside the education world of some people bringing complaints of one type or another for reasons that may not have to do with the specific issue — and this is not just about sexual harassment,” de Blasio said at a press conference.

“We have to investigate everything but it is a known fact that unfortunately there has been a bit of a hyper-complaint dynamic sometimes for the wrong reasons.”

The mayor’s comments come less than a week after the city released statistics that show nearly 500 education department employees filed sexual harassment complaints over the past four years — but just seven of the complaints were substantiated, according to the New York Times. That means only 2 percent of complaints were found to have merit — compared with nearly 17 percent at other agencies citywide.

During a question and answer session with reporters, de Blasio repeatedly said the education department has a cultural problem when it comes to reporting misconduct.

“I can’t parse out for you who was sincere and who was insincere and what type of offense,” de Blasio said. “I can’t get there. I can tell you the fact it’s unfortunately a part of the culture of an agency that is changing that we need to address.”

De Blasio quickly tried to walk back some of his comments on Twitter.

The mayor’s comments come as activists worldwide have raised awareness about sexual harassment, sparking the #MeToo movement. One element of that conversation has been the  importance of taking harassment claims seriously instead of dismissing them. More than three-quarters of the city’s teachers are women, according to the Independent Budget Office.

De Blasio’s responses drew sharp criticism from Michael Mulgrew, president of the city’s teachers union. “Our teachers have a tough enough job that they don’t have time to make frivolous claims,” he said in a statement.

Schools Chancellor Richard Carranza, who was accused of gender discrimination when he was a top school district official in San Francisco, said the education department has increased the number of investigators who look into such complaints.